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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

Section edited by Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, and Zephne van der Spuy

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

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  1. To evaluate the utility and acceptability of using multi-level pregnancy tests (MLPTs) at home to monitor hCG trends following assisted reproductive technology (ART).

    Authors: Tara Shochet, Ioanna A. Comstock, Nguyen Thi Nhu Ngoc, Lynn M. Westphal, Wendy R. Sheldon, Ly Thai Loc, Jennifer Blum, Beverly Winikoff and Paul D. Blumenthal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:67

    Content type: Research article

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  2. By focusing upon family planning counselling services, the Mozambican government has significantly enhanced the general health of female and male clients. However, little is known about the experiences of fami...

    Authors: Rehana Capurchande, Gily Coene, Kristien Roelens and Herman Meulemans

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:66

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a lymphocyte-mediated disease of unknown etiology that can cause intense itching as well stenosis, hindering the evacuation and urination. It can also limit the sex life due to...

    Authors: Renata A. Belotto, Maria Cristina Chavantes, João Paulo Tardivo, Roberto Euzébio dos Santos, Raquel Civolani Marques Fernandes, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Christiane Pavani and Daniela Fátima Teixeira da Silva

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:61

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Reproductive disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and hypertensive pregnancy disorders (HPD) like pre-eclampsia (PE), are associated with an increased risk o...

    Authors: Gerbrand A. Zoet, Cindy Meun, Laura Benschop, Eric Boersma, Ricardo P.J. Budde, Bart C.J.M. Fauser, Christianne J.M. de Groot, Aad van der Lugt, Angela H.E.M. Maas, Karl G.M. Moons, Jeanine E. Roeters van Lennep, Jolien W. Roos-Hesselink, Eric A.P. Steegers, Bas B. van Rijn, Joop S.E. Laven, Arie Franx…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:60

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Little is known about the health service utilization of women sexually assaulted by their intimate partners, as compared with those sexually assaulted by other perpetrators. To address this gap, we describe th...

    Authors: Janice Du Mont, Maryam Woldeyohannes, Sheila Macdonald, Daisy Kosa and Linda Turner

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:59

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Advances in cervical cancer management for childbearing women have led to less radical approaches. Use of fertility-sparing treatment to treat small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) is challenging owing t...

    Authors: Pei-Ying Wu, Ya-Min Cheng, Geok Huey New, Cheng-Yang Chou, Chun-Ting Chiang, Hung-Wen Tsai and Yu-Fang Huang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:56

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Hysterectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures during lifetime. Almost 10 % of women who have had a hysterectomy because of prolapse symptoms, will visit a gynaecologist for a surgical correctio...

    Authors: Anne-Lotte W. M. Coolen, Mèlanie N. van IJsselmuiden, Anique M. J. van Oudheusden, J. Veen, Hugo W. F. van Eijndhoven, Ben Willem J. Mol, Jan Paul Roovers and Marlies Y. Bongers

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:52

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Lower limb lymphedema (LLL) is a chronic and incapacitating condition afflicting patients who undergo lymphadenectomy for gynecologic cancer. This study aimed to identify risk factors for LLL and to develop a ...

    Authors: Kenji Kuroda, Yasuhiro Yamamoto, Manami Yanagisawa, Akira Kawata, Naoya Akiba, Kensuke Suzuki and Kazutoshi Naritaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:50

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Ovarian cancer is a prominent public health problem which affects people all around the world. Platinum-based chemotherapy is a common treatment for ovarian cancer, however, the effectiveness of chemotherapy v...

    Authors: Ning Tang, Dan Lyu, Yan Zhang and Haiping Liu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:43

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Congenital uterine anomalies like bicornis or bicornuate uterus are relatively rare in sub-Saharan Africa. They are associated with an increased rate of spontaneous abortion, preterm delivery, and infertility....

    Authors: Julius Sama Dohbit, Esther Meka, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Igor Kamla, Darolles Mwadjie and Pascal Foumane

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:39

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Despite being legally available in India since 1971, barriers to safe and legal abortion remain, and unsafe and/or illegal abortion continues to be a problem. Community health workers have been involved in imp...

    Authors: Pallavi Gupta, Sharad D. Iyengar, Bela Ganatra, Heidi Bart Johnston and Kirti Iyengar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:37

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Ovarian tumours are a leading cause of death in Ghana. Even though geographical and racial differences exist in the frequency, types and age distribution of primary ovarian tumours, information about the clini...

    Authors: Patrick Kafui Akakpo, Leonard Derkyi-Kwarteng, Richard Kwasi Gyasi, Solomom Edward Quayson, Simon Naporo and Jehoram Tei Anim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:34

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Uterine fibroids (UF) affect 77% of women by menopause, and account for $9.4 billion in annual healthcare costs. Type-2-diabetes (T2D) has inconsistently associated with protection from UFs in prior studies. T...

    Authors: Digna R. Velez Edwards, Katherine E. Hartmann, Melissa Wellons, Anushi Shah, Hua Xu and Todd L. Edwards

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:28

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Unplanned pregnancy remains a common problem in many resource-limited settings, mostly due to limited access to modern family planning (FP) services. In particular, use of the more effective long-acting revers...

    Authors: Leevan Tibaijuka, Robert Odongo, Emma Welikhe, Wilber Mukisa, Lilian Kugonza, Imelda Busingye, Phelomena Nabukalu, Joseph Ngonzi, Stephen B. Asiimwe and Francis Bajunirwe

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:25

    Content type: Research article

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  15. To assess the effect of a 12-day treatment using a vaginal gel based on niosomes containing hyaluronic acid, ß-glucan, alpha-glucan oligosaccharide, Coriolus versicolor, Asian centella, Azadirachta indica and Alo...

    Authors: Santiago Palacios, Fernando Losa, Damián Dexeus and Javier Cortés

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:21

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Previous studies revealed low participation in cervical cancer screening among immigrants compared with non-immigrants. Only a few studies about factors associated with immigrants’ lower participation rates ha...

    Authors: Esther E. Idehen, Tellervo Korhonen, Anu Castaneda, Teppo Juntunen, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä and Päivikki Koponen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:19

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Chlamydia infection in acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is associated with serious complications including ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility, Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome and tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA)....

    Authors: Sung Taek Park, Suk Woo Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Young Mo Kang, Hye Min Moon and Chae Chun Rhim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:5

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Women living with HIV (WHIV) are disproportionately impacted by cervical dysplasia and cancer. The burden is greatest in low-income countries where limited or no access to screening exists. The goal of this st...

    Authors: Sheona M. Mitchell, Heather N. Pedersen, Evelyn Eng Stime, Musa Sekikubo, Erin Moses, David Mwesigwa, Christine Biryabarema, Jan Christilaw, Josaphat K. Byamugisha, Deborah M. Money and Gina S. Ogilvie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:4

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The use of thermocoagulation for the treatment of cervical precancerous lesions has recently generated a great deal of interest. Our aim was to determine the feasibility of this outpatient procedure in the con...

    Authors: Manuela Viviano, Bruno Kenfack, Rosa Catarino, Eveline Tincho, Liliane Temogne, Anne-Caroline Benski, Pierre-Marie Tebeu, Ulrike Meyer-Hamme, Pierre Vassilakos and Patrick Petignat

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:2

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) of the ovary is benign germ cell tumor and shows the highest incidence in women of reproductive age. Histologically, it includes components derived from endoderm, mesoderm, and ect...

    Authors: Eun Young Ki, Dong Gyu Jang, Dong Jun Jeong, Chang Jin Kim and Sung Jong Lee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:70

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Endometriosis is one of the most common gynecological diseases. It is still a chameleon in many aspects and urges intense research activities in the fields of diagnosis, therapy and prevention. Despite the nee...

    Authors: Dörthe Brüggmann, Alexandra Elizabeth-Martinez, Doris Klingelhöfer, David Quarcoo, Jenny M. Jaque and David A. Groneberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:64

    Content type: Research article

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  22. On behalf of the medical staff of the National Institute of Oncology of Rabat, we conducted a retrospective study to report epidemiology and 5-year outcomes of cervical carcinoma in Moroccan women.

    Authors: Sanaa Elmajjaoui, Nabil Ismaili, Hanane El Kacemi, Tayeb Kebdani, Hassan Sifat and Noureddine Benjaafar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:62

    Content type: Research article

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  23. To investigate the role of CD138 immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of chronic endometritis (CE) and the risk factors for assisted conception patients having CE complications.

    Authors: Yu-qing Chen, Rui-li Fang, Yuan-na Luo and Can-qiao Luo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:60

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Both iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia are common in the United States with a prevalence amongst women of 12 % and 4 % respectively. These numbers are even higher in African-American women (AAW) and a...

    Authors: Lia A Bernardi, Marissa S Ghant, Carolina Andrade, Hannah Recht and Erica E Marsh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:50

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Disparities in cancer incidence and mortality rates between regions arise due to differences in socioeconomic conditions and in human development factors. The major purpose of this study was to measure the rol...

    Authors: José De Ribamar Pinho-França, Maria Bethânia Da Costa Chein and Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:54

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The purpose of the study is to investigate knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning cervical cancer, HPV and HPV vaccine of female students studying at a university in a health related department and exp...

    Authors: Selda Yörük, Ayla Açıkgöz and Gül Ergör

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:51

    Content type: Research article

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  27. This study was conducted to assess the efficacy and acceptability of using a multi-level pregnancy test (MLPT) combined with telephone follow-up for medical abortion in Tunisia, where the majority of providers...

    Authors: Rasha Dabash, Tara Shochet, Selma Hajri, Héla Chelli, Anne-Emmanuele Hassairi, Douha Haleb, Hayet Labassi, Ezzedine Sfar, Fatma Temimi, Leah Koenig and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:49

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Advances in genetic technologies are expected to make population-wide genetic testing feasible. This could provide a basis for risk stratified cancer screening; but acceptability in the target populations has ...

    Authors: Susanne F. Meisel, Belinda Rahman, Lucy Side, Lindsay Fraser, Sue Gessler, Anne Lanceley and Jane Wardle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:46

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Uterine fibroids (UFs) are the most common benign tumour in women, and many undergo hysterectomy or uterus-preserving procedures (UPPs) to manage their symptoms. We aimed to validate the recording of UFs in a ...

    Authors: Elisa Martín-Merino, Mari-Ann Wallander, Susan Andersson, Montse Soriano-Gabarró and Luis Alberto García Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:45

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In Italy in 2004, a very restrictive law was passed on medically assisted reproduction (MAR) (Law 40/2004) that placed Italy at the most conservative end of the European spectrum. The law was widely criticized...

    Authors: Irene Riezzo, Margherita Neri, Stefania Bello, Cristoforo Pomara and Emanuela Turillazzi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:44

    Content type: Debate

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  31. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa with a total fertility rate (TFR) of 4.8 children per a woman and contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of 29 %. The overall prevalence of modern family pla...

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Hailemariam Lemma, Kidan Abrha, Yohannes Adama, Girmatsion Fisseha, Henock Yebyo, Ejigu Gebeye, Kassahun Negash, Jemal Yousuf, Tigist Fantu, Tesfay Gebregzabher and Araya Abrha Medhanyie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:39

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Uganda like many developing countries still experiences high levels of maternal and perinatal deaths despite a decade of maternal and perinatal death review (MPDR) program. Oyam district has been implementing ...

    Authors: Caroline Agaro, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Peter Waiswa, Juliet N. Sekandi, Suzan Tusiime, Ronald Anguzu and Elizabeth Ekirapa Kiracho

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:38

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Understanding women’s contraceptive method choices is key to enhancing family planning services provision and programming. Currently however, very little research has addressed inter and intra-regional dispari...

    Authors: Rhoune Ochako, Chimaraoke Izugbara, Jerry Okal, Ian Askew and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:35

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Covert contraceptive use (CCU) in sub-Saharan Africa is an indication of women’s inability to exercise autonomy in their reproductive choices. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinant...

    Authors: F. Baiden, G. P. Mensah, N. O. Akoto, T. Delvaux and P. C. Appiah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:31

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Women living in Africa experience the highest burden of cervical cancer. Research and investment to improve vaccination, screening, and treatment efforts are critically needed. We systematically reviewed and c...

    Authors: Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Catherine Wexler, May Maloba, Natabhona Mabachi, Florence Ndikum-Moffor and Elizabeth Bukusi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:29

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The burden of cervical cancer remains huge globally, more so in sub-Saharan Africa. Effectiveness of screening, rates of recurrence following treatment and factors driving these in Africans have not been suffi...

    Authors: Emmanuel A. Oga, Jessica P. Brown, Clayton Brown, Eileen Dareng, Victor Adekanmbi, Michael Odutola, Olayinka Olaniyan, Richard Offiong, Kayode Obende, Ayodele Stephen Adewole, Achara Peter, Patrick Dakum and Clement Adebamowo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:25

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Ultrasonography has been extensively used in women suspected of having a gynecological malignancy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of 3D ultrasonography and power Doppler for discrimination b...

    Authors: Mohamed El-Sharkawy, Akmal El-Mazny, Wafaa Ramadan, Dina Hatem, Aly Abdel-Hafiz, Mohamed Hammam and Adel Nada

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:18

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In Uganda, the risk of unintended pregnancies and unsafe abortions remains high due to relatively low contraceptive use. There is paucity of data on knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and practices towards mode...

    Authors: Henry Nsubuga, Juliet N. Sekandi, Hassard Sempeera and Fredrick E. Makumbi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:6

    Content type: Research article

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  39. About two thirds of patients with cervical cancer in Tanzania present with advanced tumor stage, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. We designed a study to determine the factors associated with the...

    Authors: Ramadhani Mlange, Dismas Matovelo, Peter Rambau and Benson Kidenya

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:5

    Content type: Research article

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  40. With the unacceptably high level of unmet need for family planning in Sub-Saharan Africa, reducing unmet need is paramount in the fight against the high levels of induced abortions, maternal and neonatal morbi...

    Authors: Atem Bethel Ajong, Philip Nana Njotang, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Marie José Essi, Felix Essiben, Filbert Eko Eko, Bruno Kenfack and Enow Robinson Mbu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:4

    Content type: Research article

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  41. To study the prevalence of Chlamydia infection in women with primary and secondary unexplained infertility using ELISA technique for antibody detection and real time, fully automated PCR for antigen detection and...

    Authors: Rana M. A. Abdella, Hatem I. Abdelmoaty, Rasha H. Elsherif, Ahmed Mahmoud Sayed, Nadine Alaa Sherif, Hisham M. Gouda, Ahmed El Lithy, Maged Almohamady, Mostafa Abdelbar, Ahmed Naguib Hosni, Ahmed Magdy and Youssef MA

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:45

    Content type: Research article

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  42. A subset of women with a tubal ectopic pregnancy can be safely managed expectantly. Expectant management involves a degree of disruption with hospital visits to determine serum β-hCG (β-human chorionic gonadot...

    Authors: D. Mavrelos, M. Memtsa, S. Helmy, G. Derdelis, E. Jauniaux and D. Jurkovic

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:43

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Bacterial vaginosis, candidal, trichomonal and Gonococcal vaginal infections are a major health problems associated with gynecologic complications and increase in replication, shedding and transmission of HIV ...

    Authors: Wondemagegn Mulu, Mulat Yimer, Yohannes Zenebe and Bayeh Abera

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:42

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Accurate and timely diagnosis of endometriosis is associated with confusion. Clinical manifestations, imaging techniques, biomarkers and surgical techniques are used as diagnostic approaches. This paper review...

    Authors: Hedyeh Riazi, Najmeh Tehranian, Saeideh Ziaei, Easa Mohammadi, Ebrahim Hajizadeh and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:39

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Little is known about the reproductive health of Roma women in Slovenia. The aim of this study is to present the standpoints of Roma women regarding reproductive health, the degree to which primary healthcare ...

    Authors: Marjeta Logar, Danica Rotar Pavlič and Alem Maksuti

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:38

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: