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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

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  1. Every year around 50 million unintended pregnancies worldwide are terminated by induced abortion. Even in countries, where it is legalized and performed in a safe environment, abortion carries some risk of com...

    Authors: Ekaterine Pestvenidze, Nino Lomia, Nino Berdzuli, Lia Umikashvili, Tamar Antelava and Babill Stray-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:136

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates in Bolivia are among the highest in Latin America. This investigation aims to evaluate the possibility of using simple devices, e.g. a cotton swab and a glass slid...

    Authors: Pedro Surriabre, Gustavo Allende, Marcela Prado, Leyddy Cáceres, Diego Bellot, Andrea Torrico, Karina Ustariz, Shirley Rojas, Jaime Barriga, Pamela Calle, Ligia Villarroel, Rosse Mary Yañez, Marc Baay, Patricia Rodriguez and Véronique Fontaine

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:135

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed at a late stage when outcomes are poor. Personalised ovarian cancer risk prediction, based on genetic and epidemiological information and risk stratified management in adult...

    Authors: Katie E. J. Hann, Lindsay Fraser, Lucy Side, Sue Gessler, Jo Waller, Saskia C. Sanderson, Madeleine Freeman, Ian Jacobs and Anne Lanceley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:132

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Menopause is a natural phenomenon occurring as women approach middle-age. It is characterized by declining of ovarian function and onset of the last menstrual period and subsequent 12-month cessation of menstr...

    Authors: Engida Yisma, Natnael Eshetu, Stephanie Ly and Berhanu Dessalegn

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:124

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a malignant tumour formed of cells with distinct smooth muscle features. Leiomyosarcomas rarely metastasise to the oral cavity and this literature review details all reported cases of m...

    Authors: Isabel Hope, Karen Morton, Carrie Newlands, Simon Butler-Manuel and Thumuluru Kavitha Madhuri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:119

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Given the important roles of the receptor-mediated lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) signaling in both reproductive tract function and gynecological cancers, it will be informative to investigate the potential role ...

    Authors: Bicheng Yang, Liqun Wang, Xiaoju Wan, Yunjun Li, Xiaohong Yu, Yunna Qin, Yong Luo, Feng Wang and Ouping Huang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:118

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Based on moderate quality evidence, routine pelvic examination is strongly recommended against in asymptomatic women. The aims of this study was to quantify the extent of routine pelvic examinations within spe...

    Authors: Ingvild Mathiesen Rosenlund, Linda Leivseth, Ingard Nilsen, Olav Helge Førde and Arthur Revhaug

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:114

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Obese and overweight women experience a lower probability for pregnancy after IVF. However, despite the increasing prevalence of obesity, the large majority of infertile women are non-obese. One of the most co...

    Authors: Eliana Garalejic, Biljana Arsic, Jovana Radakovic, Dragana Bojovic Jovic, Dragana Lekic, Biljana Macanovic, Ivan Soldatovic and Milan Perovic

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:112

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Studies on the determinants of cervical cancer screening in sub-Saharan Africa have focused mostly on individual-level characteristics of cervical cancer screening. Therefore, in this study, we included both i...

    Authors: Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter Austin Morton Ntenda and Ying-Chih Chuang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:109

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is an important condition with considerable morbidity and a small risk of mortality and most commonly results as an iatrogenic condition following follicular stimulatio...

    Authors: Khalid M. Salama, Hesham M. Abo Ragab, Mohammed F. El Sherbiny, Ali A. Morsi and Ibrahim I. Souidan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:108

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In recent years, compounded bioidentical hormone therapy (CBHT) has emerged as a popular alternative to manufactured, FDA approved hormone therapy (HT)—despite concerns within the medical community and the ava...

    Authors: Jennifer Jo Thompson, Cheryl Ritenbaugh and Mark Nichter

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:97

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Most women who choose to terminate a pregnancy cope well following an abortion, although some women experience severe psychological distress. The general interpretation in the field is that the most consistent...

    Authors: Inger Wallin Lundell, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Lisa Ekselius, Susanne Georgsson, Örjan Frans, Lotti Helström, Ulf Högberg and Agneta Skoog Svanberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:96

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Obstetric fistula classic symptoms of faecal and urinary incontinence cause women to live with social stigma, isolation, psychological trauma and lose their source of livelihoods. There is a paucity of studies...

    Authors: Anne M. Khisa, Grace M. Omoni, Isaac K. Nyamongo and Rachel F. Spitzer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:92

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers of women in developing countries. It is also eminent cause of mortality and morbidity in women worldwide. Symptoms usually develop when the cancer has become i...

    Authors: Gemechu Ameya and Fekade Yerakly

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:91

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Implantation defect is one of these contributing factors for unexplained infertility. In the mid-luteal phase, when implantation is expected to happen, Integrins expression is remarkably increased. So, Integri...

    Authors: Ahmed Elnaggar, Amr H. Farag, Mohamed E. Gaber, Mohamed Abdel Hafeez, Mohamed S. Ali and Alaa M. Atef

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:90

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Hormonal contraceptive use may be associated with a reduction in some premenstrual symptoms, however, the evidence remains equivocal. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the associations be...

    Authors: Alicia Caroline Jarosz, Joseph Jamnik and Ahmed El-Sohemy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:87

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Detection of genital HPV DNA is recommended as an important strategy for modern cervical cancer screening. Challenges include access to services, the reliance on cervical samples taken by clinicians, and patie...

    Authors: Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Florencia Djigma, Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Latif Abdul, Jacques Simpore and Philippe Mayaud

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:86

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative agent of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and genotypes...

    Authors: Néstor Casillas-Vega, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Santos García, Jorge Llaca-Díaz, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Ma de la Merced Ayala-Castellanos, Héctor J. Maldonado-Garza, Jesús Ancer-Rodríguez, Guadalupe Gallegos-Ávila, Alberto Niderhauser-García and Elvira Garza-González

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:83

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Benign metastatic leiomyoma (BML) is an extremely rare disease. Although uterine leiomyomas are benign histologically, they can metastasize to distant sites. While the incidence is very low, the lung is the or...

    Authors: Yeong Hun Choe, So Yeon Jeon, Yoon Chae Lee, Myung Ja Chung, Seung Yong Park, Yong Chul Lee and So Ri Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:81

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Traditional practice after vaginal hysterectomy was to keep the vaginal pack and urinary catheter for 24 hours post operatively. But there were studies that prolonged cathterisation was associated with urinary...

    Authors: Priya Rajan, S. Soundara Raghavan and Deepak Sharma

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:78

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Hysterectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures for women of reproductive age. Laparoscopy was introduced in the 1990es and is today one of the recommended routes of surgery. A recent observational ...

    Authors: Elise Hoffmann, Gitte Bennich, Christian Rifbjerg Larsen, Jannie Lindschou, Janus Christian Jakobsen and Pernille Danneskiold Lassen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:76

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Despite the fact that long acting family planning methods reduce population growth and improve maternal health, their utilization remains poor. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence of long acting and ...

    Authors: Chernet Baye Zenebe, Mulat Adefris, Melaku Kindie Yenit and Yalemzewod Assefa Gelaw

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:75

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Surgery for pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, and hysterectomy are the most common gynaecological surgeries that can affect the function of the bladder and bowel as well as one’s sexual life. There ...

    Authors: Mojgan Pakbaz, Ewa Rolfsman and Mats Löfgren

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:68

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To evaluate the utility and acceptability of using multi-level pregnancy tests (MLPTs) at home to monitor hCG trends following assisted reproductive technology (ART).

    Authors: Tara Shochet, Ioanna A. Comstock, Nguyen Thi Nhu Ngoc, Lynn M. Westphal, Wendy R. Sheldon, Ly Thai Loc, Jennifer Blum, Beverly Winikoff and Paul D. Blumenthal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:67

    Content type: Research article

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  25. By focusing upon family planning counselling services, the Mozambican government has significantly enhanced the general health of female and male clients. However, little is known about the experiences of fami...

    Authors: Rehana Capurchande, Gily Coene, Kristien Roelens and Herman Meulemans

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:66

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Obstetric fistula and pelvic organ prolapse remain highly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, where women have poor access to modern health care. Women having these problems tend to stay at home for years before ...

    Authors: Mulat Adefris, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Kiros Terefe, Abebaw Addis Gelagay, Azmeraw Adigo, Selamawit Amare, Dorothy Lazaro, Aster Berhe and Chernet Baye

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:64

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Poor endometrial quality is associated with more than a third of embryo implantation failures. Current ultrasonography technology lacks the capacity to determine efficiently the endometrial receptivity during ...

    Authors: Felipe Camargo-Díaz, Valeria García, Azucena Ocampo-Bárcenas, Humberto González-Marquez and Esther López-Bayghen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:63

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a lymphocyte-mediated disease of unknown etiology that can cause intense itching as well stenosis, hindering the evacuation and urination. It can also limit the sex life due to...

    Authors: Renata A. Belotto, Maria Cristina Chavantes, João Paulo Tardivo, Roberto Euzébio dos Santos, Raquel Civolani Marques Fernandes, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Christiane Pavani and Daniela Fátima Teixeira da Silva

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:61

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Reproductive disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) and hypertensive pregnancy disorders (HPD) like pre-eclampsia (PE), are associated with an increased risk o...

    Authors: Gerbrand A. Zoet, Cindy Meun, Laura Benschop, Eric Boersma, Ricardo P.J. Budde, Bart C.J.M. Fauser, Christianne J.M. de Groot, Aad van der Lugt, Angela H.E.M. Maas, Karl G.M. Moons, Jeanine E. Roeters van Lennep, Jolien W. Roos-Hesselink, Eric A.P. Steegers, Bas B. van Rijn, Joop S.E. Laven, Arie Franx…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:60

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. Little is known about the health service utilization of women sexually assaulted by their intimate partners, as compared with those sexually assaulted by other perpetrators. To address this gap, we describe th...

    Authors: Janice Du Mont, Maryam Woldeyohannes, Sheila Macdonald, Daisy Kosa and Linda Turner

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:59

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Advances in cervical cancer management for childbearing women have led to less radical approaches. Use of fertility-sparing treatment to treat small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) is challenging owing t...

    Authors: Pei-Ying Wu, Ya-Min Cheng, Geok Huey New, Cheng-Yang Chou, Chun-Ting Chiang, Hung-Wen Tsai and Yu-Fang Huang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:56

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Hysterectomy is one of the most performed surgical procedures during lifetime. Almost 10 % of women who have had a hysterectomy because of prolapse symptoms, will visit a gynaecologist for a surgical correctio...

    Authors: Anne-Lotte W. M. Coolen, Mèlanie N. van IJsselmuiden, Anique M. J. van Oudheusden, J. Veen, Hugo W. F. van Eijndhoven, Ben Willem J. Mol, Jan Paul Roovers and Marlies Y. Bongers

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:52

    Content type: Study protocol

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  33. Lower limb lymphedema (LLL) is a chronic and incapacitating condition afflicting patients who undergo lymphadenectomy for gynecologic cancer. This study aimed to identify risk factors for LLL and to develop a ...

    Authors: Kenji Kuroda, Yasuhiro Yamamoto, Manami Yanagisawa, Akira Kawata, Naoya Akiba, Kensuke Suzuki and Kazutoshi Naritaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:50

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Ovarian cancer is a prominent public health problem which affects people all around the world. Platinum-based chemotherapy is a common treatment for ovarian cancer, however, the effectiveness of chemotherapy v...

    Authors: Ning Tang, Dan Lyu, Yan Zhang and Haiping Liu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:43

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Congenital uterine anomalies like bicornis or bicornuate uterus are relatively rare in sub-Saharan Africa. They are associated with an increased rate of spontaneous abortion, preterm delivery, and infertility....

    Authors: Julius Sama Dohbit, Esther Meka, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Igor Kamla, Darolles Mwadjie and Pascal Foumane

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:39

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Despite being legally available in India since 1971, barriers to safe and legal abortion remain, and unsafe and/or illegal abortion continues to be a problem. Community health workers have been involved in imp...

    Authors: Pallavi Gupta, Sharad D. Iyengar, Bela Ganatra, Heidi Bart Johnston and Kirti Iyengar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:37

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Ovarian tumours are a leading cause of death in Ghana. Even though geographical and racial differences exist in the frequency, types and age distribution of primary ovarian tumours, information about the clini...

    Authors: Patrick Kafui Akakpo, Leonard Derkyi-Kwarteng, Richard Kwasi Gyasi, Solomom Edward Quayson, Simon Naporo and Jehoram Tei Anim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:34

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Uterine fibroids (UF) affect 77% of women by menopause, and account for $9.4 billion in annual healthcare costs. Type-2-diabetes (T2D) has inconsistently associated with protection from UFs in prior studies. T...

    Authors: Digna R. Velez Edwards, Katherine E. Hartmann, Melissa Wellons, Anushi Shah, Hua Xu and Todd L. Edwards

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:28

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Unplanned pregnancy remains a common problem in many resource-limited settings, mostly due to limited access to modern family planning (FP) services. In particular, use of the more effective long-acting revers...

    Authors: Leevan Tibaijuka, Robert Odongo, Emma Welikhe, Wilber Mukisa, Lilian Kugonza, Imelda Busingye, Phelomena Nabukalu, Joseph Ngonzi, Stephen B. Asiimwe and Francis Bajunirwe

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:25

    Content type: Research article

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  40. To assess the effect of a 12-day treatment using a vaginal gel based on niosomes containing hyaluronic acid, ß-glucan, alpha-glucan oligosaccharide, Coriolus versicolor, Asian centella, Azadirachta indica and Alo...

    Authors: Santiago Palacios, Fernando Losa, Damián Dexeus and Javier Cortés

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:21

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Previous studies revealed low participation in cervical cancer screening among immigrants compared with non-immigrants. Only a few studies about factors associated with immigrants’ lower participation rates ha...

    Authors: Esther E. Idehen, Tellervo Korhonen, Anu Castaneda, Teppo Juntunen, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä and Päivikki Koponen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:19

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Chlamydia infection in acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is associated with serious complications including ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility, Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome and tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA)....

    Authors: Sung Taek Park, Suk Woo Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Young Mo Kang, Hye Min Moon and Chae Chun Rhim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:5

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Women living with HIV (WHIV) are disproportionately impacted by cervical dysplasia and cancer. The burden is greatest in low-income countries where limited or no access to screening exists. The goal of this st...

    Authors: Sheona M. Mitchell, Heather N. Pedersen, Evelyn Eng Stime, Musa Sekikubo, Erin Moses, David Mwesigwa, Christine Biryabarema, Jan Christilaw, Josaphat K. Byamugisha, Deborah M. Money and Gina S. Ogilvie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:4

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The use of thermocoagulation for the treatment of cervical precancerous lesions has recently generated a great deal of interest. Our aim was to determine the feasibility of this outpatient procedure in the con...

    Authors: Manuela Viviano, Bruno Kenfack, Rosa Catarino, Eveline Tincho, Liliane Temogne, Anne-Caroline Benski, Pierre-Marie Tebeu, Ulrike Meyer-Hamme, Pierre Vassilakos and Patrick Petignat

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2017 17:2

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) of the ovary is benign germ cell tumor and shows the highest incidence in women of reproductive age. Histologically, it includes components derived from endoderm, mesoderm, and ect...

    Authors: Eun Young Ki, Dong Gyu Jang, Dong Jun Jeong, Chang Jin Kim and Sung Jong Lee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:70

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Endometriosis is one of the most common gynecological diseases. It is still a chameleon in many aspects and urges intense research activities in the fields of diagnosis, therapy and prevention. Despite the nee...

    Authors: Dörthe Brüggmann, Alexandra Elizabeth-Martinez, Doris Klingelhöfer, David Quarcoo, Jenny M. Jaque and David A. Groneberg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:64

    Content type: Research article

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  47. On behalf of the medical staff of the National Institute of Oncology of Rabat, we conducted a retrospective study to report epidemiology and 5-year outcomes of cervical carcinoma in Moroccan women.

    Authors: Sanaa Elmajjaoui, Nabil Ismaili, Hanane El Kacemi, Tayeb Kebdani, Hassan Sifat and Noureddine Benjaafar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:62

    Content type: Research article

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  48. To investigate the role of CD138 immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of chronic endometritis (CE) and the risk factors for assisted conception patients having CE complications.

    Authors: Yu-qing Chen, Rui-li Fang, Yuan-na Luo and Can-qiao Luo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:60

    Content type: Research article

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