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Gynecology, gynecological disease, and reproductive health

This section considers studies regarding all aspects of gynecology and reproductive health, including cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, fertility, contraception, abortion, menarche, menstruation, and menopause.

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  1. Both iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia are common in the United States with a prevalence amongst women of 12 % and 4 % respectively. These numbers are even higher in African-American women (AAW) and a...

    Authors: Lia A Bernardi, Marissa S Ghant, Carolina Andrade, Hannah Recht and Erica E Marsh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:50

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Disparities in cancer incidence and mortality rates between regions arise due to differences in socioeconomic conditions and in human development factors. The major purpose of this study was to measure the rol...

    Authors: José De Ribamar Pinho-França, Maria Bethânia Da Costa Chein and Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:54

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The purpose of the study is to investigate knowledge, attitudes and behaviours concerning cervical cancer, HPV and HPV vaccine of female students studying at a university in a health related department and exp...

    Authors: Selda Yörük, Ayla Açıkgöz and Gül Ergör

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:51

    Content type: Research article

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  4. This study was conducted to assess the efficacy and acceptability of using a multi-level pregnancy test (MLPT) combined with telephone follow-up for medical abortion in Tunisia, where the majority of providers...

    Authors: Rasha Dabash, Tara Shochet, Selma Hajri, Héla Chelli, Anne-Emmanuele Hassairi, Douha Haleb, Hayet Labassi, Ezzedine Sfar, Fatma Temimi, Leah Koenig and Beverly Winikoff

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:49

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Advances in genetic technologies are expected to make population-wide genetic testing feasible. This could provide a basis for risk stratified cancer screening; but acceptability in the target populations has ...

    Authors: Susanne F. Meisel, Belinda Rahman, Lucy Side, Lindsay Fraser, Sue Gessler, Anne Lanceley and Jane Wardle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:46

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Uterine fibroids (UFs) are the most common benign tumour in women, and many undergo hysterectomy or uterus-preserving procedures (UPPs) to manage their symptoms. We aimed to validate the recording of UFs in a ...

    Authors: Elisa Martín-Merino, Mari-Ann Wallander, Susan Andersson, Montse Soriano-Gabarró and Luis Alberto García Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:45

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In Italy in 2004, a very restrictive law was passed on medically assisted reproduction (MAR) (Law 40/2004) that placed Italy at the most conservative end of the European spectrum. The law was widely criticized...

    Authors: Irene Riezzo, Margherita Neri, Stefania Bello, Cristoforo Pomara and Emanuela Turillazzi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:44

    Content type: Debate

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  8. Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa with a total fertility rate (TFR) of 4.8 children per a woman and contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of 29 %. The overall prevalence of modern family pla...

    Authors: Mussie Alemayehu, Hailemariam Lemma, Kidan Abrha, Yohannes Adama, Girmatsion Fisseha, Henock Yebyo, Ejigu Gebeye, Kassahun Negash, Jemal Yousuf, Tigist Fantu, Tesfay Gebregzabher and Araya Abrha Medhanyie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:39

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Uganda like many developing countries still experiences high levels of maternal and perinatal deaths despite a decade of maternal and perinatal death review (MPDR) program. Oyam district has been implementing ...

    Authors: Caroline Agaro, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Peter Waiswa, Juliet N. Sekandi, Suzan Tusiime, Ronald Anguzu and Elizabeth Ekirapa Kiracho

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:38

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Understanding women’s contraceptive method choices is key to enhancing family planning services provision and programming. Currently however, very little research has addressed inter and intra-regional dispari...

    Authors: Rhoune Ochako, Chimaraoke Izugbara, Jerry Okal, Ian Askew and Marleen Temmerman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:35

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Covert contraceptive use (CCU) in sub-Saharan Africa is an indication of women’s inability to exercise autonomy in their reproductive choices. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinant...

    Authors: F. Baiden, G. P. Mensah, N. O. Akoto, T. Delvaux and P. C. Appiah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:31

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Women living in Africa experience the highest burden of cervical cancer. Research and investment to improve vaccination, screening, and treatment efforts are critically needed. We systematically reviewed and c...

    Authors: Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Catherine Wexler, May Maloba, Natabhona Mabachi, Florence Ndikum-Moffor and Elizabeth Bukusi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:29

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The burden of cervical cancer remains huge globally, more so in sub-Saharan Africa. Effectiveness of screening, rates of recurrence following treatment and factors driving these in Africans have not been suffi...

    Authors: Emmanuel A. Oga, Jessica P. Brown, Clayton Brown, Eileen Dareng, Victor Adekanmbi, Michael Odutola, Olayinka Olaniyan, Richard Offiong, Kayode Obende, Ayodele Stephen Adewole, Achara Peter, Patrick Dakum and Clement Adebamowo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:25

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Ultrasonography has been extensively used in women suspected of having a gynecological malignancy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of 3D ultrasonography and power Doppler for discrimination b...

    Authors: Mohamed El-Sharkawy, Akmal El-Mazny, Wafaa Ramadan, Dina Hatem, Aly Abdel-Hafiz, Mohamed Hammam and Adel Nada

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:18

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In Uganda, the risk of unintended pregnancies and unsafe abortions remains high due to relatively low contraceptive use. There is paucity of data on knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and practices towards mode...

    Authors: Henry Nsubuga, Juliet N. Sekandi, Hassard Sempeera and Fredrick E. Makumbi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:6

    Content type: Research article

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  16. About two thirds of patients with cervical cancer in Tanzania present with advanced tumor stage, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. We designed a study to determine the factors associated with the...

    Authors: Ramadhani Mlange, Dismas Matovelo, Peter Rambau and Benson Kidenya

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:5

    Content type: Research article

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  17. With the unacceptably high level of unmet need for family planning in Sub-Saharan Africa, reducing unmet need is paramount in the fight against the high levels of induced abortions, maternal and neonatal morbi...

    Authors: Atem Bethel Ajong, Philip Nana Njotang, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Marie José Essi, Felix Essiben, Filbert Eko Eko, Bruno Kenfack and Enow Robinson Mbu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2016 16:4

    Content type: Research article

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  18. To study the prevalence of Chlamydia infection in women with primary and secondary unexplained infertility using ELISA technique for antibody detection and real time, fully automated PCR for antigen detection and...

    Authors: Rana M. A. Abdella, Hatem I. Abdelmoaty, Rasha H. Elsherif, Ahmed Mahmoud Sayed, Nadine Alaa Sherif, Hisham M. Gouda, Ahmed El Lithy, Maged Almohamady, Mostafa Abdelbar, Ahmed Naguib Hosni, Ahmed Magdy and Youssef MA

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:45

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A subset of women with a tubal ectopic pregnancy can be safely managed expectantly. Expectant management involves a degree of disruption with hospital visits to determine serum β-hCG (β-human chorionic gonadot...

    Authors: D. Mavrelos, M. Memtsa, S. Helmy, G. Derdelis, E. Jauniaux and D. Jurkovic

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:43

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Bacterial vaginosis, candidal, trichomonal and Gonococcal vaginal infections are a major health problems associated with gynecologic complications and increase in replication, shedding and transmission of HIV ...

    Authors: Wondemagegn Mulu, Mulat Yimer, Yohannes Zenebe and Bayeh Abera

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:42

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Accurate and timely diagnosis of endometriosis is associated with confusion. Clinical manifestations, imaging techniques, biomarkers and surgical techniques are used as diagnostic approaches. This paper review...

    Authors: Hedyeh Riazi, Najmeh Tehranian, Saeideh Ziaei, Easa Mohammadi, Ebrahim Hajizadeh and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:39

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Little is known about the reproductive health of Roma women in Slovenia. The aim of this study is to present the standpoints of Roma women regarding reproductive health, the degree to which primary healthcare ...

    Authors: Marjeta Logar, Danica Rotar Pavlič and Alem Maksuti

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:38

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Cervical cancer is the commonest cancer and the leading cause of cancer mortality in women in Gabon. The age-standardized incidence of cervical cancer is 19.9 per 100 000 women and the mortality rate is 8.4 pe...

    Authors: Samira Zoa Assoumou, Barthelemy Mabika Mabika, Angelique Ndjoyi Mbiguino, Mustapha Mouallif, Abdelkim Khattabi and My Mustapha Ennaji

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:37

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Sensitized fluorescence diagnostics are based on selective accumulation of photosensitizer in the tissue where carcinogenesis has started. The present study compared topical 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-based...

    Authors: Rasa Vansevičiūtė, Jonas Venius, Olga Žukovskaja, Daiva Kanopienė, Simona Letautienė and Ričardas Rotomskis

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:35

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Indigenous women in remote North Queensland have a high prevalence of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and associated health conditions such as sexual transmitted infections (STI). The association of severe pelvi...

    Authors: Ming Li and Robyn McDermott

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:31

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Adenomyomectomy has recently been considered the priority option for the treatment of adenomyosis, however, the surgical efficacy and modes are still debated. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic ...

    Authors: Xiufeng Huang, Qiongshi Huang, Shuyi Chen, Jing Zhang, Kaiqing Lin and Xinmei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:24

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Despite the fact that HIV-positive women carry an increased risk of developing cervical cancer (CC) in comparison with HIV-negative women, HIV and CC screening programs in many developing countries have remain...

    Authors: Edward Kumakech, Sören Andersson, Henry Wabinga and Vanja Berggren

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:23

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of ultrasound guided aspiration of hydrosalpinx fluid at the time of oocyte retrieval with salpingectomy in the management of patients with ultrasound visible ...

    Authors: Usama M Fouda, Ahmed M Sayed, Hatem I Abdelmoty and Khaled A Elsetohy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:21

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The objectives of this study were to determine the effectiveness the effectiveness of post-polypectomy hysteroscopic endometrial resection in preventing the recurrence of endometrial polyps in post-menopausal ...

    Authors: Jesus S Jiménez-Lopez, Ana Granado-San Miguel, Alvaro Tejerizo-Garcia, Jose L Muñoz-Gonzalez and Gregorio Lopez-Gonzalez

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:20

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Concurrent infection with multiple types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer; yet, little is known about risk factors for concurrent HPV infection in Vietnam. ...

    Authors: Ly Thi-Hai Tran, Loi Thi Tran, Thanh Cong Bui, Dung Thi-Kieu Le, Alan G Nyitray, Christine M Markham, Michael D Swartz, Chau Bao Vu-Tran and Lu-Yu Hwang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:16

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Symptomatic cervical cancer patients in low- and middle-income countries usually present with late stage disease and have poor survival. We explored the views of cervical cancer patients on their symptom appra...

    Authors: Amos Deogratius Mwaka, Elialilia Sarikiaeli Okello, Henry Wabinga and Fiona M Walter

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:15

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Endometriosis nodes are observed in extra pelvic locations, particularly in gynaecological scars, with the abdominal wall being one of the most frequent locations. The main objective of the study is to review ...

    Authors: Rocío Vellido-Cotelo, Jose L Muñoz-González, Maria R Oliver-Pérez, Cristina de la Hera-Lázaro, Cristina Almansa-González, Concepción Pérez-Sagaseta and Jesús S Jiménez-López

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:13

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The management of preinvasive cervical lesions has the objective to ensure the absence of invasive lesions and to prevent progression to cancer. Excisional procedures have been preferred to treat these lesions...

    Authors: Fábio Russomano, Maria Aparecida Pereira Tristao, Renata Côrtes and Maria José de Camargo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:12

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Uterine arteriovenous malformation is a rare but life-threatening condition that accounts for 1–2% of massive vaginal bleeding. Uterine arteriovenous malformations are less common after menopause. The conditio...

    Authors: Emi Sato, Kentaro Nakayama, Kohei Nakamura, Masako Ishikawa, Hiroshi Katagiri and Satoru Kyo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:10

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Afghanistan has one of the world’s highest fertility rates and, related to this, an infant mortality rate far higher than its South Asian neighbors. Contraception enhances family spacing, improves women’s safe...

    Authors: Mohammad H Rasooly, Mohamed M Ali, Nick JW Brown and Bashir Noormal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:9

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This is a cross-sectional study carried out in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department at Kasr Al- Ainy Cairo University Hospitals.

    Authors: Ahmed Mahmoud, Nadine A Sherif, Rana Abdella, Amira R El-Genedy, Abdalla Y El Kateb and Ahmed NH Askalani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:7

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Uterine leiomyoma is the most common gynecological tumor in the reproductive years. However, it is extremely rare in adolescence (<1%), with few reports found in the literature. The biological behavior of such...

    Authors: Rafael Mendes Moroni, Carolina Sales Vieira, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Rosana Maria dos Reis, Antonio Alberto Nogueira and Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2015 15:4

    Content type: Research article

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