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Women's public health issues

This section considers studies regarding issues women face in the developed and the developing world, including violence, conflict, poverty, discrimination, and other social, psychological, and biological factors.

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  1. Overweight and obesity of women is a growing concern all over the world. However, an understanding on the socio-economic inequalities in overweight and obesity of women received little attention, especially in...

    Authors: Emran Hasan, Moriam Khanam and Shafiun N. Shimul

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:263

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In South Africa, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and cervical cancer the leading cause of cancer mortality. Most cancers are diagnosed at a late-stage and following symptomatic presentation...

    Authors: Jane Harries, Suzanne E. Scott, Fiona M. Walter, Amos D. Mwaka and Jennifer Moodley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  3. COVID-19 related guidelines and movement restrictions are designed to protect the public’s health and reduce disease transmission; yet, COVID-19 related restrictions on movement including social distancing, is...

    Authors: Dabney P. Evans

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:249

    Content type: Correspondence

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  4. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that is prevalent in females of reproductive age with signs and symptoms that significantly reduce self-esteem and have a negative impact on their qual...

    Authors: Sultan Alghadeer, Alhanouf Algarawi, Faten Abu-Rkybah, Mashael M. Alshebly and Yazed Alruthia

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The promotion of contraception in countries with high birth rates has the potential to reduce poverty, hunger, maternal, and childhood deaths. Every year in sub-Saharan Africa approximately 14 million unintend...

    Authors: Mamecha Mesha, Akalewold Alemayehu and Deresse Daka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:239

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Commercial surrogacy is a highly controversial issue that leads to heated debates in the feminist literature, especially when surrogacy takes place in developing countries and when it is performed by local wom...

    Authors: Virginie Rozée, Sayeed Unisa and Elise de La Rochebrochard

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:234

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Various socio-demographic factors have been introduced as the determinants of Low Sexual Desire (LSD), but whether these variables can also contribute to the Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD), remains u...

    Authors: Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Mina Malary, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Soghra Khani, Mehdi Pourasghar and Narges Alianmoghaddam

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:233

    Content type: Research article

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  8. We sought to estimate the prevalence and describe heterogeneity in experiences of gender-based violence (GBV) across subgroups of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW).

    Authors: Parinita Bhattacharjee, Huiting Ma, Helgar Musyoki, Eve Cheuk, Shajy Isac, Margaret Njiraini, Peter Gichangi, Sharmistha Mishra, Marissa Becker and Michael Pickles

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:229

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Women who report transactional sex are at increased risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, in the United States, social, behavioral, and trauma-related vulnerabilities associat...

    Authors: Timothy W. Menza, Lauren Lipira, Amisha Bhattarai, Victoria Cali-De Leon and E. Roberto Orellana

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:219

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2020 20:238

  10. The effect of joint health on the quality of life of middle-aged and older women is becoming more widely recognized with the aging of the world’s population. However, the association of long-term breastfeeding...

    Authors: Min-Young Kim, Hyun-Joong Kim, Je-Heon Noh, Sun-A Kim, Deok-Sang Hwang, Chang-Hoon Lee and In-Hyuk Ha

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:213

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Since the influx of international immigrants to South Korea (Korea) in the 1980s, the number of immigrants married to native Koreans has increased substantially over the last 30 years. This study aims to provi...

    Authors: Bookyoung Kim and Kyung-Bok Son

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:210

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Some legacies of colonialism are that Indigenous women living in Canada experience higher rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) and that violence is often more severe relative to non-Indigenous women. This ...

    Authors: Kristin Rizkalla, Marion Maar, Roger Pilon, Lorrilee McGregor and Maurianne Reade

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:209

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Early marriage is a global public health problem that is mainly practiced in South Asia, Latin America, and sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. It raises the risk of early childbearing of women, higher rate...

    Authors: Adugnaw Zeleke Alem, Yigizie Yeshaw, Sewnet Adem Kebede, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Chilot Desta Agegnehu and Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:207

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Evidences on determinants of early sexual initiation among female youth is still limited especially; community-level factors are not investigated in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess ind...

    Authors: Mastewal Arefaynie, Melaku Yalew, Yitayish Damtie and Bereket Kefale

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:205

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Many constituents contribute to the rise of sex work in Lebanon such as the socio-economic situation in the country (poverty, increased unemployment rates, and religious divisions), as well as the political an...

    Authors: Maria Slim, Chadia Haddad, Elsa Sfeir, Clara Rahme, Souheil Hallit and Sahar Obeid

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is major public health problem that affects many dimensions of women’s health. However, the role of IPV on women’s reproductive health in general and pregnancy loss in particula...

    Authors: Tenaw Yimer Tiruye, Catherine Chojenta, Melissa L. Harris, Elizabeth Holliday and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:192

    Content type: Research article

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  17. There has been a significant reduction of abortion rates in high-income countries, while the rates remain unchanged in low- and middle-income countries. In Ethiopia, for example, the number of women of reprodu...

    Authors: Bikila Soboka Megersa, Oladosu Akanbi Ojengbede, Andreas Deckert and Olufunmilayo Ibitola Fawole

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Female-headed households are one of the most vulnerable groups of society that confront many problems and challenges. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore the challenges and opportunities confronting ...

    Authors: Javad Yoosefi Lebni, Mohammad Ali Mohammadi Gharehghani, Goli Soofizad, Bahar khosravi, Arash ziapour and Seyed Fahim Irandoost

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:183

    Content type: Research article

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  19. There are a paucity of directly reported intimate partner violence survivors’ experiences, especially in women of color. This study measures recently/currently abused women’s ratings of varied abuse events com...

    Authors: Helen E. Straus, Elizabeth H. Guonjian, Errick Christian and Rebecca R. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:181

    Content type: Research article

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  20. A myriad of factors including socio-economic hardships impact refugees, with females being additionally exposed to various forms of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). The aim of this qualitative analysis...

    Authors: Sophie Roupetz, Stephanie Garbern, Saja Michael, Harveen Bergquist, Heide Glaesmer and Susan A. Bartels

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  21. To measure the severity of menopausal complaints and determine the pattern of menopausal symptoms, a valid and reliable instrument is needed in women’s healthcare. The Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) is one of th...

    Authors: Leila Jahangiry, Robabeh Parviz, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Maryam Khazaee-Pool and Koen Ponnet

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:172

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Universal access to quality sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services is pivotal to ensuring gender equality. In high-income countries, patient-provider interactions have been shown to shape women’s decisi...

    Authors: Robel Yirgu, Shannon N. Wood, Celia Karp, Amy Tsui and Caroline Moreau

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:170

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Pregnancy among adolescent girls in Bangladesh is high, with 66% of women under the age of 18 reporting a first birth; this issue is particularly acute in the northern region of Bangladesh, an area that is esp...

    Authors: Ghazaleh Samandari, Bidhan Krishna Sarker, Carolyn Grant, Nafisa Lira Huq, Aloka Talukder, Sadia Nishat Mahfuz, Lily Brent, Syeda Nabin Ara Nitu, Humaira Aziz and Sara Gullo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This study offers voice to young adolescent women with cerebral palsy (CP) in Bangladesh as they describe their menstrual experiences and needs, and their mothers providing menstrual support.

    Authors: R. Power, K. Wiley, M. Muhit, E. Heanoy, T. Karim, N. Badawi and G. Khandaker

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Addressing women’s inaccurate perceptions of their risk of pregnancy is crucial to improve contraceptive uptake and adherence. Few studies, though, have evaluated the factors associated with underestimation of...

    Authors: Jessica Londeree, Nghia Nguyen, Linh H. Nguyen, Dung H. Tran and Maria F. Gallo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:159

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Long-acting (LA) injectable antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been found non-inferior to daily oral ART in Phase 3 trials. LA ART may address key barriers to oral ART adherence and be preferable to daily pills ...

    Authors: Lorie Benning, Andrea Mantsios, Deanna Kerrigan, Jenell S. Coleman, Elizabeth Golub, Oni Blackstock, Deborah Konkle-Parker, Morgan Philbin, Anandi Sheth, Adaora A. Adimora, Mardge H. Cohen, Dominika Seidman, Joel Milam, Seble G. Kassaye, Tonya Taylor and Miranda Murray

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Maternal mortality, of which 6.7% is attributable to abortion complications, remains high in Mozambique. The objective of this paper is to assess the level of induced abortion at the community, as well as to a...

    Authors: Mónica Frederico, Carlos Arnaldo, Peter Decat, Adelino Juga, Elizabeth Kemigisha, Olivier Degomme and Kristien Michielsen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Malnutrition among women in Nepal persists as a major public health burden. Global literature suggests that domestic violence may have a negative impact on women’s nutritional status. The contribution of intim...

    Authors: Ramesh P. Adhikari, Subash Yogi, Ajay Acharya and Kenda Cunningham

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The stigma experienced by cancer patients stems from the association of cancer with death, as cancer is the most feared disease worldwide, especially among cancer patients and their families. The stigma regard...

    Authors: Solikhah Solikhah, Ratu Matahari, Fitriana Putri Utami, Lina Handayani and Tri Ani Marwati

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:116

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Infertility remains a common universal disorder and a whole range of assisted reproductive technologies has been established. Society may fail to recognize the grief caused by infertility, which may lead to th...

    Authors: Taina Sormunen, Klas Karlgren, Arthur Aanesen, Bjöörn Fossum and Margareta Westerbotn

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:112

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Around 90% of postmenopausal women are suffering from vaginal atrophy. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of oxytocin vaginal gel on vaginal atrophy among postmenopausal women.

    Authors: Ilnaz Zohrabi, Parvin Abedi, Somayeh Ansari, Elham Maraghi, Nader Shakiba Maram and Gholamreza Houshmand

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:108

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a public health concern with negative consequences on women’s health. It is a harmful practice which is recognized in international discourses on public health as a form of g...

    Authors: Afi A. Agboli, Fabienne Richard and Isabelle Aujoulat

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Agricultural activities as well as exposure to pesticides could have many adverse effects on health status and reproductive outcomes especially in reproductive aged greenhouse workers. The present study aimed ...

    Authors: Tahereh Rahimi, Foozieh Rafati, Hamid Sharifi and Fatemeh Seyedi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:103

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Nearly half of the women experience violence across their lifespan in all the provinces of Pakistan at an alarming rate. Despite knowing the prevalence, there has been meager progress in developing strategies ...

    Authors: Tazeen Saeed Ali, Rozina Karmaliani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Nasim Zahid Shah, Zahid Hyder Wadani, Saher Aijaz and Asli Kulane

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:98

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Madagascar has restrictive abortion laws with no explicit exception to preserve the woman’s life. This study aimed to estimate the incidence of abortion in the country and examine the methods, consequences, an...

    Authors: Rila Ratovoson, Amber Kunkel, Jean Pierre Rakotovao, Dolores Pourette, Chiarella Mattern, Jocelyne Andriamiadana, Aina Harimanana and Patrice Piola

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:96

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The burden of maternal undernutrition and low birth weight (LBW) incurs enormous economic costs due to their adverse consequences. Women’s empowerment is believed to be one of the key factors for attaining mat...

    Authors: Alamgir Kabir, Md Mahbubur Rashid, Kamal Hossain, Arifuzzaman Khan, Shegufta Shefa Sikder and Heather F. Gidding

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:93

    Content type: Research article

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  37. HIV-positive women who are still in the reproductive years need adequate sexual and reproductive health information to make informed reproductive health choices. However, many HIV-positive women who interface ...

    Authors: Juliet Nabirye, Joseph K. B. Matovu, John Baptist Bwanika, Fredrick Makumbi and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:91

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The aim of this study was to examine associations between exposure to violence, quality of life, and psychological distress. Women aged 19–54 years who had been exposed to violence by someone in a close relati...

    Authors: Tomomi Hisasue, Marie Kruse, Jani Raitanen, Eija Paavilainen and Pekka Rissanen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:85

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a gynecological condition resulting from pelvic floor dysfunction in women. The objective of this study is to estimate “the prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse” associated factor...

    Authors: Abdul Hakeem Jokhio, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi and Christine MacArthur

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Preventing unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV is important for improving maternal and child health outcomes. Despite multiple contacts between postpartum women and healthcare providers at healt...

    Authors: Andrew K. Tusubira, Simon Peter Sebina Kibira and Fredrick Edward Makumbi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:78

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In Ethiopia, cervical cancer is the second most frequent cancer among women aged 15 to 44 years old. Cervical cancer screening is an effective measure to enhance the early detection of cervical cancer for prev...

    Authors: Abebe Belete Woldetsadik, Abebe Feyissa Amhare, Sintayehu Tsegaye Bitew, Leilei Pei, Jian Lei and Jing Han

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Contraceptive utilization is a guarantee to avert unwanted pregnancies. In Ethiopia however, more than half of the rural women have shorter birth intervals. Consequently, 17 and 8% of the births have been eith...

    Authors: Terefe Derso, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Kassahun Alemu, Getu Debalkie Demissie, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Endalkachew Dellie, Telake Azale, Bisrat Misganaw, Adane Kebede, Destaw Fetene, Tsegaye Gebremdhin and Asmamaw Atnafu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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