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Women's public health issues

This section considers studies regarding issues women face in the developed and the developing world, including violence, conflict, poverty, discrimination, and other social, psychological, and biological factors.

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  1. Young women in sub-Saharan Africa remain at the epicentre of the HIV epidemic, with surveillance data indicating persistent high levels of HIV incidence. In South Africa, adolescent girls and young women (AGYW...

    Authors: Gavin George, Cherie Cawood, Adrian Puren, David Khanyile, Annette Gerritsen, Kaymarlin Govender, Sean Beckett, Mary Glenshaw, Karidia Diallo, Kassahun Ayalew, Andrew Gibbs, Tarylee Reddy, Lorna Madurai, Tendesayi Kufa-Chakezha and Ayesha B. M. Kharsany

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:7

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  2. Prior research has shown that a small proportion of U.S. women attempt to self-manage their abortion. The objective of this study is to describe Texas women’s motivations for and experiences with attempts to s...

    Authors: Liza Fuentes, Sarah Baum, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Kari White, Kristine Hopkins, Joseph Potter and Daniel Grossman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:6

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Primary dysmenorrhea is defined as a crampy pain in the lower abdomen before or during the menstrual period in the absence of any pelvic pathology. It is the leading motherhood problem worldwide but there is l...

    Authors: Abere Woretaw Azagew, Destaye Guadie Kassie and Tarkie Abebe Walle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:5

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Implanon is one of the cost - effective long acting reversible contraceptive methods used for spacing and limiting births in Ethiopia. Despite the scaling up initiative undertaken by the Ethiopian Government, ...

    Authors: Mesfin Mamo Utaile, Mesfin Kote Debere, Etsehiwot Tilahun Nida, Dube Jara Boneya and Amsale Tekle Ergano

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Unmet need for family planning in Oromia region was very high (28.9%) compared to other regions in Ethiopia. To address problems associated with unmet need for family planning locally available evidences are e...

    Authors: Tesfaye Solomon, Mamo Nigatu, Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot and Biniam Getachew

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:170

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Although Sudan has one of the highest prevalence of female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C), there have been shifts in e practice. These shifts include a reduction in the prevalence among younger age coho...

    Authors: Nafisa Bedri, Huda Sherfi, Ghada Rudwan, Sara Elhadi, Caroline Kabiru and Wafaa Amin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:168

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Reliable contraception enables women and men to plan their family sizes and avoid unintended pregnancies, which can cause distress and anxiety, but also increase maternal mortality. This study explored potenti...

    Authors: Bettina Böttcher, Mysoon Abu-El-Noor and Nasser Abu-El-Noor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:165

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Informal street traders are exposed on a daily basis to traffic emissions and biomass fuel smoke containing a variety of pollutants. These exposures are likely to place the female traders at increased risk for...

    Authors: Sujatha Hariparsad and Rajen N. Naidoo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:163

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Although an opportunistic approach of cervical cancer screening strategy had been implemented in Ethiopia, utilization of screening services among women is still low, accounted < 1%. We hypothesize that commer...

    Authors: Bekele Atinafu Muluneh, Desta Debalkie Atnafu and Belaynew Wassie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:162

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Marginalized groups, such as nomadic populations across the world, have perhaps the least access to modern reproductive health (RH) services. This scoping review aims to identify barriers to access to RH servi...

    Authors: Moazzam Ali, Joanna Paula Cordero, Faria Khan and Rachel Folz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In postmenopausal women with established cardiovascular disease (CVD), it is unknown whether a history of pregnancy complications are related to multisite artery disease (MSAD), defined as atherosclerotic lesi...

    Authors: Elin Täufer Cederlöf, Nina Johnston, Jerzy Leppert, Pär Hedberg, Bertil Lindahl and Christina Christersson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:160

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Gendered disparities in health care delivery and outcomes are an international problem. Patient-centred care (PCC) improves patient and health system outcomes, and is widely advocated to reduce inequities. The...

    Authors: Anna R. Gagliardi, Bryanna B. Nyhof, Sheila Dunn, Sherry L. Grace, Courtney Green, Donna E. Stewart and Frances C. Wright

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:156

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Health inequities inhibit global development and achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. One gendered health area, Menstrual Health & Hygiene (MHH), has received increasing attention in Low- and Midd...

    Authors: Emily Krusz, Nina Hall, Dani J. Barrington, Sandra Creamer, Wendy Anders, Minnie King, Helen Martin and Julie Hennegan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:146

    Content type: Debate

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  14. Child marriage remains a challenge in Ghana. Over the years, government and development partners have made various commitments and efforts to curb the phenomenon of child marriage. However, there is little emp...

    Authors: Babatunde Ahonsi, Kamil Fuseini, Dela Nai, Erika Goldson, Selina Owusu, Ismail Ndifuna, Icilda Humes and Placide L. Tapsoba

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:126

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Early marriage is occurred when one or both of the spouses are below the age of 18 years at the time of their first marriage. It is one of the major traditional practices in developing counties particularly in...

    Authors: Minale Bezie and Dagne Addisu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:134

    Content type: Research article

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  16. There is a high prevalence of gender-based violence (GBV) victimization among young Ethiopian women, including in universities, where female enrollment is low but growing. Understanding factors contributing to...

    Authors: Michelle R. Kaufman, Ashlie M. Williams, Graziele Grilo, Christina X. Marea, Fasil Walelign Fentaye, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik and Shifera Asfaw Yedenekal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:131

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Women remain disproportionally affected by the HIV/ AIDS epidemic because of sociocultural factors including violence perpetrated by intimate partners. Among HIVpositive (HIV+) women, intimate partner violence...

    Authors: Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Justine Bukenya, Joseph K. B. Matovu, Violet Gwokyalya, Fredrick Makumbi, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Shaban Mugerwa, John Baptist Bwanika and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:130

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Substantial research has found that women assess their health as poor relative to men, but the reasons for this are not fully understood. Military women are characterised by good health and the ability to work...

    Authors: Elin Anita Fadum, Leif Åge Strand, Monica Martinussen, Laila Breidvik, Nina Isaksen and Einar Borud

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:119

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Accurately measuring stigmatized experiences is a challenge across reproductive health research. In this study, we tested a novel method – the list experiment – that aims to reduce underreporting of sensitive ...

    Authors: Heidi Moseson, Sofia Filippa, Sarah E. Baum, Caitlin Gerdts and Daniel Grossman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:113

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) has long been a pervasive public health concern. With the aging Chinese population, the prevention, assessment and management of postmenopausal osteoporosis were particularly...

    Authors: Guiming Yan, Yaqi Huang, Hong Cao, Jie Wu, Nan Jiang and Xiaona Cao

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:110

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Uganda has one of the highest age-standardized incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The proportion of Ugandan women screened for cervical cancer is low. To evaluate barriers and facilitators to acc...

    Authors: Eleanor Black, Fran Hyslop and Robyn Richmond

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:108

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To be effective, population-based cervical cancer prevention programs must be tailored to meet the needs of the target population. One important factor in cervical cancer screening may include male involvement...

    Authors: Konyin Adewumi, Sandra Y. Oketch, Yujung Choi and Megan J. Huchko

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:107

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a serious public health issue, threatening the health of individuals the world over. Whilst DVA can be experienced by both men and women, the majority is still experienced ...

    Authors: Isobel Heywood, Dana Sammut and Caroline Bradbury-Jones

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:106

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Mothers with infants and toddlers are a potential target population for the prevention or alleviation of feelings of loneliness. However, the theory and methods for measuring loneliness among mothers with infa...

    Authors: Azusa Arimoto and Etsuko Tadaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:105

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Achieving the unfinished agenda towards sexual and reproductive health and rights requires overcoming remaining barriers to contraceptive uptake, which can be method-specific. Women’s uptake of the IUD is poor...

    Authors: Sarah Castle, Heidi Schroffel, Jean Jose Nzau Mvuezolo, Bavon Mupenda, Justin Mumbere and Rachel Shapiro

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:104

    Content type: Research article

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  26. We tested whether childhood adversity is associated with poor cardiometabolic health in adulthood among a sample of overweight or obese Dutch women of reproductive age. Health behaviors, psychological distress...

    Authors: Lotte van Dammen, Nicole R. Bush, Susanne R. de Rooij, Ben Willem J. Mol, Henk Groen, Annemieke Hoek and Tessa J. Roseboom

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:102

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The rapid growth and changes that occur in adolescents increase the demand for macro and micronutrients and addressing their needs particularly in females would be an important step to break the vicious cycle ...

    Authors: Rediet Takele Regasa and Jemal Ali Haidar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:98

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) practices may affect the growth and nutritional status among adolescents. Therefore, this paper assesses WASH practices and its association with nutritional status among a...

    Authors: Aparajita Chattopadhyay, Vani Sethi, Varsha P. Nagargoje, Abhishek Saraswat, Nikita Surani, Neeraj Agarwal, Vikas Bhatia, Manisha Ruikar, Sourav Bhattacharjee, Rabi N. Parhi, Shivani Dar, Abner Daniel, H. P. S. Sachdev, C. M. Singh, Rajkumar Gope, Vikash Nath…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:89

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Low-fee female sex workers (FSW) lack power to effectively negotiate male condom use with clients. Female condoms (FCs) may provide an alternative strategy. This study was conducted to assess the acceptability...

    Authors: Chu Zhou, Evelyn Hsieh, Keming Rou, Jonas Tillman, Wei Dong, Xian-xiang Feng, Yan-zhen Yang, Yu-jun Yang, Xian-guo Sun, Hai-jian Zang, Ying-zhen Wu and Zunyou Wu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:77

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Rape, unintended pregnancy, and abortion are among the most controversial and stigmatized topics facing sexual and reproductive health researchers, advocates, and the public today. Over the past three decades,...

    Authors: Samantha M. Luffy, Dabney P. Evans and Roger W. Rochat

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:76

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  31. Despite cervical cancer being preventable with effective screening programs, it is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in many countries in Africa. Screening involv...

    Authors: Sandra Y. Oketch, Zachary Kwena, Yujung Choi, Konyin Adewumi, Michelle Moghadassi, Elizabeth A. Bukusi and Megan J. Huchko

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:75

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is prevalent in Iraqi Kurdistan Region, but there is a lack of adequate knowledge about how the practice is perceived by the women population who are the direct victims of the p...

    Authors: Hamdia M. Ahmed, Sherzad A. Shabu and Nazar P. Shabila

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:66

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Despite the existence of an abortion law and a safe abortion policy in Ghana, the Ghana Statistical Service found that 15% of all women in the reproductive age group (15–49 years) have practiced unsafe abortio...

    Authors: Confidence Alorse Atakro, Stella Boatemaa Addo, Janet Sintim Aboagye, Awube Menlah, Isabella Garti, Kwaku Gyimah Amoa-Gyarteng, Theresa Sarpong, Peter Adatara, Kwasi Junior Kumah, Bernard Bediako Asare, Ami Korkor Mensah, Squiter Hans Lutterodt and George Sedinam Boni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:60

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Between 1957 and 1961 the substance Thalidomide was sold in West Germany and taken by many women as a sedative during pregnancy. This lead to miscarriages and infants been born with several severe malformation...

    Authors: Christina Samel, Christian Albus, Irmgard Nippert, Alexander Niecke, Markus Lüngen, Holger Pfaff and Klaus M. Peters

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:51

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Globally, women face many barriers in the attainment of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Since 2002, the legalisation of abortion in Nepal has seen significant progress in the expansion of saf...

    Authors: Claire Rogers, Sabitri Sapkota, Anita Tako and Jaya A. R. Dantas

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:40

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Symptomatic iron deficiency (ID) is a disorder affecting 10–20% of menstruating women. ID is diagnosed by measuring serum ferritin, a protein helping to store iron in the body. A deeper understanding of the as...

    Authors: Patricia R. Blank, Yuki Tomonaga, Thomas D. Szucs and Matthias Schwenkglenks

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:39

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Intimate partner violence exposes women to a wide range of health problems that can either directly or indirectly lead to maternal death. Although in a number of studies intimate partner violence has been asso...

    Authors: Abdulbasit Musa, Catherine Chojenta, Ayele Geleto and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:36

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Until now, no previous study has addressed the menstrual patterns among female international students in China. In this present study, our objectives are to ascertain the menstrual characteristics and address ...

    Authors: Emmanuel Ansong, Samuel Kofi Arhin, Yaoyao Cai, Xinxin Xu and Xueqing Wu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:35

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects one in three women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Although important policy and programmatic steps ha...

    Authors: Cari Jo Clark, Gemma Ferguson, Binita Shrestha, Prabin Nanicha Shrestha, Brian Batayeh, Irina Bergenfeld, Stella Chang and Susi McGhee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:20

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In biomedical prevention trials, correct and consistent use of the investigational product is crucial to determine efficacy. Product adherence in VOICE, a phase 2B randomized trial of a vaginal gel and oral ta...

    Authors: Ariana W. K. Katz, Barbara S. Mensch, Kubashni Woeber, Petina Musara, Juliane Etima and Ariane van der Straten

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:18

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Women’s economic empowerment has long been assumed to lead to their social empowerment, but systematic tests of this relationship have only recently begun to appear in the literature. Theory predicts that cont...

    Authors: Margaret E. Tankard, Elizabeth Levy Paluck and Deborah A. Prentice

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:17

    Content type: Research article

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  42. When untreated, dyslipidemia is a higher risk factor for stroke and stroke-related mortality in men than in women. However, when dyslipidemia is treated the risk reduction is the same, but men benefited from m...

    Authors: Brice Blum, Leah Wormack, Mason Holtel, Alexandria Penwell, Shyyon Lari, Brittany Walker and Thomas I. Nathaniel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:11

    Content type: Research article

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  43. There is limited evidence regarding the ways in which displacement disrupts social norms, expectations and trajectories for adolescent girls and young women and the resulting impacts on their risks of violence...

    Authors: Alison Wringe, Ekua Yankah, Tania Parks, Omar Mohamed, Mohamad Saleh, Olivia Speed, Rebecca Hémono, Bridget Relyea, Mahad Ibrahim, Jaspal S. Sandhu and Jennifer Scott

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:9

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and vaginal microbiota types varies dramatically between different populations around the world. Understanding what underpins these differences is important, as high-...

    Authors: Chris R. Kenyon, Wim Delva and Rebecca M. Brotman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:8

    Content type: Debate

    Published on: