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Women's public health issues

This section considers studies regarding issues women face in the developed and the developing world, including violence, conflict, poverty, discrimination, and other social, psychological, and biological factors.

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  1. The incidence rate of cervical cancer is increasing yearly. The persistent infection of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main factor leading to cervical cancer. HPV infection is double peak type. Th...

    Authors: Yan Shen, Jing Xia, Huihui Li, Yang Xu and Sanping Xu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Suicide-attempts have increased across the world and have become higher among females. There has been a high prevalence of self-immolation in Iran, mostly young married women admitted to the burn centers. This...

    Authors: Nader Aghakhani, Violeta Lopez, Naser Parizad and Rahim Baghaei

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In 2011, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) strengthened its disability claims processes for military sexual trauma, hoping to reduce gender differences in initial posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) dis...

    Authors: Maureen Murdoch, Michele Roxanne Spoont, Nina Aileen Sayer, Shannon Marie Kehle-Forbes and Siamak Noorbaloochi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  4. North America is amidst an opioid overdose epidemic. In many settings, particularly Canada, the majority of overdose deaths occur indoors and impact structurally vulnerable people who use drugs alone, making t...

    Authors: Geoff Bardwell, Taylor Fleming, Ryan McNeil and Jade Boyd

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:51

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Studies show that different socio-economic and structural factors can limit access to healthcare for women with disabilities. The aim of the current study was to review barriers in access to healthcare service...

    Authors: Behzad Karami Matin, Heather J. Williamson, Ali Kazemi Karyani, Satar Rezaei, Moslem Soofi and Shahin Soltani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:44

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Despite numerous national and international efforts to alleviate child growth faltering, it remains a global health challenge. There is a growing body of literature that recognizes the importance of women’s em...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie Mekonnen, Daniel Bogale Odo, Dabere Nigatu, Adem Sav and Kiya Kedir Abagero

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Youth in general and young females, in particular, remain at the center of HIV/AIDS epidemic. To avoid and prevent HIV infection, comprehensive knowledge as well as correct understanding of transmission and pr...

    Authors: Tesfaldet Mekonnen Estifanos, Chen Hui, Afewerki Weldezgi Tesfai, Mekonnen Estifanos Teklu, Matiwos Araya Ghebrehiwet, Kidane Siele Embaye and Amanuel Kidane Andegiorgish

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Emergency situations, including epidemics, increase incidence of violence against women, especially intimate partner violence (IPV). This paper describes specific scenarios of IPV reported by women during the ...

    Authors: Olufunmilayo I. Fawole, Omowumi O. Okedare and Elizabeth Reed

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:32

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Lipedema is a type of subcutaneous adipose tissue disorder that affects mainly women. Its main symptom is bilateral fat accumulation on the extremities with associated pain in the affected areas. Despite growi...

    Authors: Joanna E. Dudek, Wojciech Białaszek and Marcin Gabriel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:27

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Almost one-half of U.S. women will experience intimate partner violence (IPV), defined as physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner. IPV is associated with an increased risk of hom...

    Authors: Laura Leuenberger, Erik Lehman and Jennifer McCall-Hosenfeld

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:20

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Substance-Related Disorders are among the most common social problems caused by using legal and illegal substances. Therefore, this study aimed at determining the quality of life (QoL) and its related factors ...

    Authors: Majid Barati, Khadijeh Bandehelahi, Tahereh Nopasandasil, Hanieh Jormand and Amir Keshavarzi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The aims of the study were the translation, cultural adaptation, and validation of self-administered Australian Pelvic Floor Questionnaire (APFQ) on a Saudi population.

    Authors: Haifaa Malaekah, Haifaa Saud Al Medbel, Sameerah Al Mowallad, Zahra Al Asiri, Alhanouf Albadrani and Hussam Abdullah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

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  13. There is a high burden of depression globally, including in South Africa. Maternal depression is associated with poverty, unstable income, food insecurity, and lack of partner support, and may lead to poor out...

    Authors: Christiane Horwood, Lyn Haskins, Rachael Hinton, Catherine Connolly, Silondile Luthuli and Nigel Rollins

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:2

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:31

  14. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are the most common communicable diseases that affect the health and life of people. Even though there is little information on the prevalence of STIs in Ethiopia, the pr...

    Authors: Simegnew Handebo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:274

    Content type: Research article

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  15. It is estimated that a majority of intimate partner violence (IPV) victims suffer from blunt force to the head, neck and the face area. Injuries to head and neck are among the major causes for traumatic brain ...

    Authors: Larry Y. Liu, William S. Bush, Mehmet Koyutürk and Günnur Karakurt

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:269

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Besides, the presence of national law, the country has to set up its own mid-term and long term goals to bring about a significant reduction in child marriages in Ethiopia. As my search concerned, there is no ...

    Authors: Zemenu Tadesse Tessema

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:268

    Content type: Research article

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  17. High number of unintended pregnancies—often leading to induced abortions—are reported among female sex workers (FSWs), highlighting a major unmet need for contraception. To better understand barriers to contra...

    Authors: Diana Faini, Patricia Munseri, Muhammad Bakari, Eric Sandström, Elisabeth Faxelid and Claudia Hanson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:267

    Content type: Research article

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  18. A remarkable decline in fertility rates has been observed in many countries, with a primary determinant being an increase in the use of contraceptives. However, the birth rate in Pakistan is still higher compa...

    Authors: Sadia Jabeen, Adnan Rathor, Maria Riaz, Rubeena Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:265

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Overweight and obesity of women is a growing concern all over the world. However, an understanding on the socio-economic inequalities in overweight and obesity of women received little attention, especially in...

    Authors: Emran Hasan, Moriam Khanam and Shafiun N. Shimul

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:263

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In South Africa, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and cervical cancer the leading cause of cancer mortality. Most cancers are diagnosed at a late-stage and following symptomatic presentation...

    Authors: Jane Harries, Suzanne E. Scott, Fiona M. Walter, Amos D. Mwaka and Jennifer Moodley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  21. COVID-19 related guidelines and movement restrictions are designed to protect the public’s health and reduce disease transmission; yet, COVID-19 related restrictions on movement including social distancing, is...

    Authors: Dabney P. Evans

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:249

    Content type: Correspondence

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  22. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that is prevalent in females of reproductive age with signs and symptoms that significantly reduce self-esteem and have a negative impact on their qual...

    Authors: Sultan Alghadeer, Alhanouf Algarawi, Faten Abu-Rkybah, Mashael M. Alshebly and Yazed Alruthia

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The promotion of contraception in countries with high birth rates has the potential to reduce poverty, hunger, maternal, and childhood deaths. Every year in sub-Saharan Africa approximately 14 million unintend...

    Authors: Mamecha Mesha, Akalewold Alemayehu and Deresse Daka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:239

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Commercial surrogacy is a highly controversial issue that leads to heated debates in the feminist literature, especially when surrogacy takes place in developing countries and when it is performed by local wom...

    Authors: Virginie Rozée, Sayeed Unisa and Elise de La Rochebrochard

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:234

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Various socio-demographic factors have been introduced as the determinants of Low Sexual Desire (LSD), but whether these variables can also contribute to the Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD), remains u...

    Authors: Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Mina Malary, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Soghra Khani, Mehdi Pourasghar and Narges Alianmoghaddam

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:233

    Content type: Research article

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  26. We sought to estimate the prevalence and describe heterogeneity in experiences of gender-based violence (GBV) across subgroups of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW).

    Authors: Parinita Bhattacharjee, Huiting Ma, Helgar Musyoki, Eve Cheuk, Shajy Isac, Margaret Njiraini, Peter Gichangi, Sharmistha Mishra, Marissa Becker and Michael Pickles

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:229

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Women who report transactional sex are at increased risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). However, in the United States, social, behavioral, and trauma-related vulnerabilities associat...

    Authors: Timothy W. Menza, Lauren Lipira, Amisha Bhattarai, Victoria Cali-De Leon and E. Roberto Orellana

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:219

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2020 20:238

  28. The effect of joint health on the quality of life of middle-aged and older women is becoming more widely recognized with the aging of the world’s population. However, the association of long-term breastfeeding...

    Authors: Min-Young Kim, Hyun-Joong Kim, Je-Heon Noh, Sun-A Kim, Deok-Sang Hwang, Chang-Hoon Lee and In-Hyuk Ha

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:213

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Since the influx of international immigrants to South Korea (Korea) in the 1980s, the number of immigrants married to native Koreans has increased substantially over the last 30 years. This study aims to provi...

    Authors: Bookyoung Kim and Kyung-Bok Son

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:210

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Some legacies of colonialism are that Indigenous women living in Canada experience higher rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) and that violence is often more severe relative to non-Indigenous women. This ...

    Authors: Kristin Rizkalla, Marion Maar, Roger Pilon, Lorrilee McGregor and Maurianne Reade

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:209

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Early marriage is a global public health problem that is mainly practiced in South Asia, Latin America, and sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia. It raises the risk of early childbearing of women, higher rate...

    Authors: Adugnaw Zeleke Alem, Yigizie Yeshaw, Sewnet Adem Kebede, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Chilot Desta Agegnehu and Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:207

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Evidences on determinants of early sexual initiation among female youth is still limited especially; community-level factors are not investigated in Ethiopia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess ind...

    Authors: Mastewal Arefaynie, Melaku Yalew, Yitayish Damtie and Bereket Kefale

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:205

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Many constituents contribute to the rise of sex work in Lebanon such as the socio-economic situation in the country (poverty, increased unemployment rates, and religious divisions), as well as the political an...

    Authors: Maria Slim, Chadia Haddad, Elsa Sfeir, Clara Rahme, Souheil Hallit and Sahar Obeid

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is major public health problem that affects many dimensions of women’s health. However, the role of IPV on women’s reproductive health in general and pregnancy loss in particula...

    Authors: Tenaw Yimer Tiruye, Catherine Chojenta, Melissa L. Harris, Elizabeth Holliday and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:192

    Content type: Research article

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  35. There has been a significant reduction of abortion rates in high-income countries, while the rates remain unchanged in low- and middle-income countries. In Ethiopia, for example, the number of women of reprodu...

    Authors: Bikila Soboka Megersa, Oladosu Akanbi Ojengbede, Andreas Deckert and Olufunmilayo Ibitola Fawole

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Female-headed households are one of the most vulnerable groups of society that confront many problems and challenges. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore the challenges and opportunities confronting ...

    Authors: Javad Yoosefi Lebni, Mohammad Ali Mohammadi Gharehghani, Goli Soofizad, Bahar khosravi, Arash ziapour and Seyed Fahim Irandoost

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:183

    Content type: Research article

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  37. There are a paucity of directly reported intimate partner violence survivors’ experiences, especially in women of color. This study measures recently/currently abused women’s ratings of varied abuse events com...

    Authors: Helen E. Straus, Elizabeth H. Guonjian, Errick Christian and Rebecca R. Roberts

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:181

    Content type: Research article

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  38. A myriad of factors including socio-economic hardships impact refugees, with females being additionally exposed to various forms of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). The aim of this qualitative analysis...

    Authors: Sophie Roupetz, Stephanie Garbern, Saja Michael, Harveen Bergquist, Heide Glaesmer and Susan A. Bartels

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:176

    Content type: Research article

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  39. To measure the severity of menopausal complaints and determine the pattern of menopausal symptoms, a valid and reliable instrument is needed in women’s healthcare. The Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) is one of th...

    Authors: Leila Jahangiry, Robabeh Parviz, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Maryam Khazaee-Pool and Koen Ponnet

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:172

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Universal access to quality sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services is pivotal to ensuring gender equality. In high-income countries, patient-provider interactions have been shown to shape women’s decisi...

    Authors: Robel Yirgu, Shannon N. Wood, Celia Karp, Amy Tsui and Caroline Moreau

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:170

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Pregnancy among adolescent girls in Bangladesh is high, with 66% of women under the age of 18 reporting a first birth; this issue is particularly acute in the northern region of Bangladesh, an area that is esp...

    Authors: Ghazaleh Samandari, Bidhan Krishna Sarker, Carolyn Grant, Nafisa Lira Huq, Aloka Talukder, Sadia Nishat Mahfuz, Lily Brent, Syeda Nabin Ara Nitu, Humaira Aziz and Sara Gullo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:169

    Content type: Research article

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  42. This study offers voice to young adolescent women with cerebral palsy (CP) in Bangladesh as they describe their menstrual experiences and needs, and their mothers providing menstrual support.

    Authors: R. Power, K. Wiley, M. Muhit, E. Heanoy, T. Karim, N. Badawi and G. Khandaker

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:160

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Addressing women’s inaccurate perceptions of their risk of pregnancy is crucial to improve contraceptive uptake and adherence. Few studies, though, have evaluated the factors associated with underestimation of...

    Authors: Jessica Londeree, Nghia Nguyen, Linh H. Nguyen, Dung H. Tran and Maria F. Gallo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:159

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Long-acting (LA) injectable antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been found non-inferior to daily oral ART in Phase 3 trials. LA ART may address key barriers to oral ART adherence and be preferable to daily pills ...

    Authors: Lorie Benning, Andrea Mantsios, Deanna Kerrigan, Jenell S. Coleman, Elizabeth Golub, Oni Blackstock, Deborah Konkle-Parker, Morgan Philbin, Anandi Sheth, Adaora A. Adimora, Mardge H. Cohen, Dominika Seidman, Joel Milam, Seble G. Kassaye, Tonya Taylor and Miranda Murray

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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