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Women's public health issues

This section considers studies regarding issues women face in the developed and the developing world, including violence, conflict, poverty, discrimination, and other social, psychological, and biological factors.

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  1. In Ethiopia, cervical cancer is the second most frequent cancer among women aged 15 to 44 years old. Cervical cancer screening is an effective measure to enhance the early detection of cervical cancer for prev...

    Authors: Abebe Belete Woldetsadik, Abebe Feyissa Amhare, Sintayehu Tsegaye Bitew, Leilei Pei, Jian Lei and Jing Han

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:70

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Contraceptive utilization is a guarantee to avert unwanted pregnancies. In Ethiopia however, more than half of the rural women have shorter birth intervals. Consequently, 17 and 8% of the births have been eith...

    Authors: Terefe Derso, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Kassahun Alemu, Getu Debalkie Demissie, Haileab Fekadu Wolde, Endalkachew Dellie, Telake Azale, Bisrat Misganaw, Adane Kebede, Destaw Fetene, Tsegaye Gebremdhin and Asmamaw Atnafu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Impaired sleep is common in menopausal women. The aim was to examine associations between uses of systemic menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and sleep disturbance in a large population sample.

    Authors: Randi Andenæs, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Nina Misvær, Lis Ribu, Ingvild Vistad and Sølvi Helseth

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common condition in reproductive-age women and is known to be positively associated with risk of acquisition of sexually transmitted infections (STI) such as chlamydia and gonorrh...

    Authors: Melinda B. Nye, Ayla B. Harris, Amanda J. Pherson and Charles P. Cartwright

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:62

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Modern contraceptive methods enable couples to enjoy sexual intercourse without fear of the risk of pregnancy at any desired time. The evidence from different studies done in Ethiopia on modern contraceptive m...

    Authors: Mamo Nigatu Gebre and Zerihun Kura Edossa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:61

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer that affects women worldwide. It has been and remains the leading cause of cancer mortality among women in Ghana. Despite the fact that cervical cancer is preven...

    Authors: Benedict N. L. Calys-Tagoe, Justice M. K. Aheto, George Mensah, Richard B. Biritwum and Alfred E. Yawson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:49

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Child marriage, a marriage that involves someone under the age of 18 years, is a long-standing social issue in Sarawak state, Malaysia. The state has taken several measures to improve situations of inequity fo...

    Authors: Ayako Kohno, Maznah Dahlui, Nik Daliana Nik Farid, Razitasham Safii and Takeo Nakayama

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:46

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of obstetric fistula in the rural area of the south eastern community of India and the training of community health workers for its prevention.

    Authors: Dharitri Swain, Swayam Pragyan Parida, Saubhagya Kumar Jena, Mahasweta Das and Hrushikesh Das

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:40

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Preconception care is a set of interventions that are to be provided before pregnancy, to promrote the health and well-being of womwen and couples .

    Authors: Daniel Belema Fekene, Benyam Seifu Woldeyes, Maru Mossisa Erena and Getu Alemu Demisse

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:30

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Mother to child transmission is responsible for 90% of child infection with human immune deficiency virus (HIV). Dual contraceptive use is one of the best actions to prevent mother’s human immune deficiency vi...

    Authors: Fewuze Abay, Hedija Yenus Yeshita, Fantahun Ayenew Mekonnen and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Domestic violence (DV) has become a global burden. The high occurrence of intimate partner violence (IPV) across the globe has implications for the socioeconomic wellbeing and health of children and women.

    Authors: Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw and Eugene Kofuor Maafo Darteh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:25

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The Dominican Republic (DR) ranks among nations with the highest burden of HIV in the Caribbean. Cultural and gender roles in rural areas of the DR may place women at increased HIV risk. However, little is kno...

    Authors: Madeline C. Montgomery, Zachary Alholm, Alexi Almonte, Kevin J. Sykes, Gregory Rudolph, Brandon Cusick, Laura Castello, Genoviva Sowemimo-Coker, Irene Tang, Sarah Haberlack and Philip A. Chan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:21

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Most neonatal, infant, and child deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where incidence of intimate partner violence (IPV) is highest in the world. Despite these facts, research regarding wh...

    Authors: Peter Memiah, Tristi Bond, Yvonne Opanga, Caroline Kingori, Courtney Cook, Michelle Mwangi, Nyawira Gitahi-Kamau, Deus Mubangizi and Kevin Owuor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:10

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Large scale public investment in family welfare programme has made female sterilization a free service in public health centers in India. Besides, it also provides financial compensation to acceptors. Despite ...

    Authors: Sanjay K. Mohanty, Suyash Mishra, Sayantani Chatterjee and Niranjan Saggurti

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:13

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Young women in sub-Saharan Africa remain at the epicentre of the HIV epidemic, with surveillance data indicating persistent high levels of HIV incidence. In South Africa, adolescent girls and young women (AGYW...

    Authors: Gavin George, Cherie Cawood, Adrian Puren, David Khanyile, Annette Gerritsen, Kaymarlin Govender, Sean Beckett, Mary Glenshaw, Karidia Diallo, Kassahun Ayalew, Andrew Gibbs, Tarylee Reddy, Lorna Madurai, Tendesayi Kufa-Chakezha and Ayesha B. M. Kharsany

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:7

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Prior research has shown that a small proportion of U.S. women attempt to self-manage their abortion. The objective of this study is to describe Texas women’s motivations for and experiences with attempts to s...

    Authors: Liza Fuentes, Sarah Baum, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Kari White, Kristine Hopkins, Joseph Potter and Daniel Grossman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:6

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Primary dysmenorrhea is defined as a crampy pain in the lower abdomen before or during the menstrual period in the absence of any pelvic pathology. It is the leading motherhood problem worldwide but there is l...

    Authors: Abere Woretaw Azagew, Destaye Guadie Kassie and Tarkie Abebe Walle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:5

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Implanon is one of the cost - effective long acting reversible contraceptive methods used for spacing and limiting births in Ethiopia. Despite the scaling up initiative undertaken by the Ethiopian Government, ...

    Authors: Mesfin Mamo Utaile, Mesfin Kote Debere, Etsehiwot Tilahun Nida, Dube Jara Boneya and Amsale Tekle Ergano

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Unmet need for family planning in Oromia region was very high (28.9%) compared to other regions in Ethiopia. To address problems associated with unmet need for family planning locally available evidences are e...

    Authors: Tesfaye Solomon, Mamo Nigatu, Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot and Biniam Getachew

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:170

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although Sudan has one of the highest prevalence of female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C), there have been shifts in e practice. These shifts include a reduction in the prevalence among younger age coho...

    Authors: Nafisa Bedri, Huda Sherfi, Ghada Rudwan, Sara Elhadi, Caroline Kabiru and Wafaa Amin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:168

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Reliable contraception enables women and men to plan their family sizes and avoid unintended pregnancies, which can cause distress and anxiety, but also increase maternal mortality. This study explored potenti...

    Authors: Bettina Böttcher, Mysoon Abu-El-Noor and Nasser Abu-El-Noor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:165

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Informal street traders are exposed on a daily basis to traffic emissions and biomass fuel smoke containing a variety of pollutants. These exposures are likely to place the female traders at increased risk for...

    Authors: Sujatha Hariparsad and Rajen N. Naidoo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:163

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Although an opportunistic approach of cervical cancer screening strategy had been implemented in Ethiopia, utilization of screening services among women is still low, accounted < 1%. We hypothesize that commer...

    Authors: Bekele Atinafu Muluneh, Desta Debalkie Atnafu and Belaynew Wassie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:162

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Marginalized groups, such as nomadic populations across the world, have perhaps the least access to modern reproductive health (RH) services. This scoping review aims to identify barriers to access to RH servi...

    Authors: Moazzam Ali, Joanna Paula Cordero, Faria Khan and Rachel Folz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In postmenopausal women with established cardiovascular disease (CVD), it is unknown whether a history of pregnancy complications are related to multisite artery disease (MSAD), defined as atherosclerotic lesi...

    Authors: Elin Täufer Cederlöf, Nina Johnston, Jerzy Leppert, Pär Hedberg, Bertil Lindahl and Christina Christersson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:160

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Gendered disparities in health care delivery and outcomes are an international problem. Patient-centred care (PCC) improves patient and health system outcomes, and is widely advocated to reduce inequities. The...

    Authors: Anna R. Gagliardi, Bryanna B. Nyhof, Sheila Dunn, Sherry L. Grace, Courtney Green, Donna E. Stewart and Frances C. Wright

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:156

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Health inequities inhibit global development and achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. One gendered health area, Menstrual Health & Hygiene (MHH), has received increasing attention in Low- and Midd...

    Authors: Emily Krusz, Nina Hall, Dani J. Barrington, Sandra Creamer, Wendy Anders, Minnie King, Helen Martin and Julie Hennegan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:146

    Content type: Debate

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  28. Child marriage remains a challenge in Ghana. Over the years, government and development partners have made various commitments and efforts to curb the phenomenon of child marriage. However, there is little emp...

    Authors: Babatunde Ahonsi, Kamil Fuseini, Dela Nai, Erika Goldson, Selina Owusu, Ismail Ndifuna, Icilda Humes and Placide L. Tapsoba

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:126

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Early marriage is occurred when one or both of the spouses are below the age of 18 years at the time of their first marriage. It is one of the major traditional practices in developing counties particularly in...

    Authors: Minale Bezie and Dagne Addisu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:134

    Content type: Research article

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  30. There is a high prevalence of gender-based violence (GBV) victimization among young Ethiopian women, including in universities, where female enrollment is low but growing. Understanding factors contributing to...

    Authors: Michelle R. Kaufman, Ashlie M. Williams, Graziele Grilo, Christina X. Marea, Fasil Walelign Fentaye, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik and Shifera Asfaw Yedenekal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:131

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Women remain disproportionally affected by the HIV/ AIDS epidemic because of sociocultural factors including violence perpetrated by intimate partners. Among HIVpositive (HIV+) women, intimate partner violence...

    Authors: Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Justine Bukenya, Joseph K. B. Matovu, Violet Gwokyalya, Fredrick Makumbi, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Shaban Mugerwa, John Baptist Bwanika and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:130

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Substantial research has found that women assess their health as poor relative to men, but the reasons for this are not fully understood. Military women are characterised by good health and the ability to work...

    Authors: Elin Anita Fadum, Leif Åge Strand, Monica Martinussen, Laila Breidvik, Nina Isaksen and Einar Borud

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:119

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Accurately measuring stigmatized experiences is a challenge across reproductive health research. In this study, we tested a novel method – the list experiment – that aims to reduce underreporting of sensitive ...

    Authors: Heidi Moseson, Sofia Filippa, Sarah E. Baum, Caitlin Gerdts and Daniel Grossman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:113

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) has long been a pervasive public health concern. With the aging Chinese population, the prevention, assessment and management of postmenopausal osteoporosis were particularly...

    Authors: Guiming Yan, Yaqi Huang, Hong Cao, Jie Wu, Nan Jiang and Xiaona Cao

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:110

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Uganda has one of the highest age-standardized incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The proportion of Ugandan women screened for cervical cancer is low. To evaluate barriers and facilitators to acc...

    Authors: Eleanor Black, Fran Hyslop and Robyn Richmond

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:108

    Content type: Research article

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  36. To be effective, population-based cervical cancer prevention programs must be tailored to meet the needs of the target population. One important factor in cervical cancer screening may include male involvement...

    Authors: Konyin Adewumi, Sandra Y. Oketch, Yujung Choi and Megan J. Huchko

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:107

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a serious public health issue, threatening the health of individuals the world over. Whilst DVA can be experienced by both men and women, the majority is still experienced ...

    Authors: Isobel Heywood, Dana Sammut and Caroline Bradbury-Jones

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:106

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Mothers with infants and toddlers are a potential target population for the prevention or alleviation of feelings of loneliness. However, the theory and methods for measuring loneliness among mothers with infa...

    Authors: Azusa Arimoto and Etsuko Tadaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:105

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Achieving the unfinished agenda towards sexual and reproductive health and rights requires overcoming remaining barriers to contraceptive uptake, which can be method-specific. Women’s uptake of the IUD is poor...

    Authors: Sarah Castle, Heidi Schroffel, Jean Jose Nzau Mvuezolo, Bavon Mupenda, Justin Mumbere and Rachel Shapiro

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:104

    Content type: Research article

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  40. We tested whether childhood adversity is associated with poor cardiometabolic health in adulthood among a sample of overweight or obese Dutch women of reproductive age. Health behaviors, psychological distress...

    Authors: Lotte van Dammen, Nicole R. Bush, Susanne R. de Rooij, Ben Willem J. Mol, Henk Groen, Annemieke Hoek and Tessa J. Roseboom

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:102

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The rapid growth and changes that occur in adolescents increase the demand for macro and micronutrients and addressing their needs particularly in females would be an important step to break the vicious cycle ...

    Authors: Rediet Takele Regasa and Jemal Ali Haidar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:98

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) practices may affect the growth and nutritional status among adolescents. Therefore, this paper assesses WASH practices and its association with nutritional status among a...

    Authors: Aparajita Chattopadhyay, Vani Sethi, Varsha P. Nagargoje, Abhishek Saraswat, Nikita Surani, Neeraj Agarwal, Vikas Bhatia, Manisha Ruikar, Sourav Bhattacharjee, Rabi N. Parhi, Shivani Dar, Abner Daniel, H. P. S. Sachdev, C. M. Singh, Rajkumar Gope, Vikash Nath…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:89

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Low-fee female sex workers (FSW) lack power to effectively negotiate male condom use with clients. Female condoms (FCs) may provide an alternative strategy. This study was conducted to assess the acceptability...

    Authors: Chu Zhou, Evelyn Hsieh, Keming Rou, Jonas Tillman, Wei Dong, Xian-xiang Feng, Yan-zhen Yang, Yu-jun Yang, Xian-guo Sun, Hai-jian Zang, Ying-zhen Wu and Zunyou Wu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:77

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Rape, unintended pregnancy, and abortion are among the most controversial and stigmatized topics facing sexual and reproductive health researchers, advocates, and the public today. Over the past three decades,...

    Authors: Samantha M. Luffy, Dabney P. Evans and Roger W. Rochat

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:76

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Despite cervical cancer being preventable with effective screening programs, it is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in many countries in Africa. Screening involv...

    Authors: Sandra Y. Oketch, Zachary Kwena, Yujung Choi, Konyin Adewumi, Michelle Moghadassi, Elizabeth A. Bukusi and Megan J. Huchko

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:75

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is prevalent in Iraqi Kurdistan Region, but there is a lack of adequate knowledge about how the practice is perceived by the women population who are the direct victims of the p...

    Authors: Hamdia M. Ahmed, Sherzad A. Shabu and Nazar P. Shabila

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:66

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Despite the existence of an abortion law and a safe abortion policy in Ghana, the Ghana Statistical Service found that 15% of all women in the reproductive age group (15–49 years) have practiced unsafe abortio...

    Authors: Confidence Alorse Atakro, Stella Boatemaa Addo, Janet Sintim Aboagye, Awube Menlah, Isabella Garti, Kwaku Gyimah Amoa-Gyarteng, Theresa Sarpong, Peter Adatara, Kwasi Junior Kumah, Bernard Bediako Asare, Ami Korkor Mensah, Squiter Hans Lutterodt and George Sedinam Boni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:60

    Content type: Research article

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