Skip to main content


Women's public health issues

This section considers studies regarding issues women face in the developed and the developing world, including violence, conflict, poverty, discrimination, and other social, psychological, and biological factors.

Page 1 of 3

  1. Content type: Research article

    Accurately measuring stigmatized experiences is a challenge across reproductive health research. In this study, we tested a novel method – the list experiment – that aims to reduce underreporting of sensitive ...

    Authors: Heidi Moseson, Sofia Filippa, Sarah E. Baum, Caitlin Gerdts and Daniel Grossman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:113

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) has long been a pervasive public health concern. With the aging Chinese population, the prevention, assessment and management of postmenopausal osteoporosis were particularly...

    Authors: Guiming Yan, Yaqi Huang, Hong Cao, Jie Wu, Nan Jiang and Xiaona Cao

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:110

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Uganda has one of the highest age-standardized incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The proportion of Ugandan women screened for cervical cancer is low. To evaluate barriers and facilitators to acc...

    Authors: Eleanor Black, Fran Hyslop and Robyn Richmond

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:108

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    To be effective, population-based cervical cancer prevention programs must be tailored to meet the needs of the target population. One important factor in cervical cancer screening may include male involvement...

    Authors: Konyin Adewumi, Sandra Y. Oketch, Yujung Choi and Megan J. Huchko

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:107

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a serious public health issue, threatening the health of individuals the world over. Whilst DVA can be experienced by both men and women, the majority is still experienced ...

    Authors: Isobel Heywood, Dana Sammut and Caroline Bradbury-Jones

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:106

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Mothers with infants and toddlers are a potential target population for the prevention or alleviation of feelings of loneliness. However, the theory and methods for measuring loneliness among mothers with infa...

    Authors: Azusa Arimoto and Etsuko Tadaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:105

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Achieving the unfinished agenda towards sexual and reproductive health and rights requires overcoming remaining barriers to contraceptive uptake, which can be method-specific. Women’s uptake of the IUD is poor...

    Authors: Sarah Castle, Heidi Schroffel, Jean Jose Nzau Mvuezolo, Bavon Mupenda, Justin Mumbere and Rachel Shapiro

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:104

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    We tested whether childhood adversity is associated with poor cardiometabolic health in adulthood among a sample of overweight or obese Dutch women of reproductive age. Health behaviors, psychological distress...

    Authors: Lotte van Dammen, Nicole R. Bush, Susanne R. de Rooij, Ben Willem J. Mol, Henk Groen, Annemieke Hoek and Tessa J. Roseboom

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:102

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    The rapid growth and changes that occur in adolescents increase the demand for macro and micronutrients and addressing their needs particularly in females would be an important step to break the vicious cycle ...

    Authors: Rediet Takele Regasa and Jemal Ali Haidar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:98

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) practices may affect the growth and nutritional status among adolescents. Therefore, this paper assesses WASH practices and its association with nutritional status among a...

    Authors: Aparajita Chattopadhyay, Vani Sethi, Varsha P. Nagargoje, Abhishek Saraswat, Nikita Surani, Neeraj Agarwal, Vikas Bhatia, Manisha Ruikar, Sourav Bhattacharjee, Rabi N. Parhi, Shivani Dar, Abner Daniel, H. P. S. Sachdev, C. M. Singh, Rajkumar Gope, Vikash Nath…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:89

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Low-fee female sex workers (FSW) lack power to effectively negotiate male condom use with clients. Female condoms (FCs) may provide an alternative strategy. This study was conducted to assess the acceptability...

    Authors: Chu Zhou, Evelyn Hsieh, Keming Rou, Jonas Tillman, Wei Dong, Xian-xiang Feng, Yan-zhen Yang, Yu-jun Yang, Xian-guo Sun, Hai-jian Zang, Ying-zhen Wu and Zunyou Wu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:77

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Case report

    Rape, unintended pregnancy, and abortion are among the most controversial and stigmatized topics facing sexual and reproductive health researchers, advocates, and the public today. Over the past three decades,...

    Authors: Samantha M. Luffy, Dabney P. Evans and Roger W. Rochat

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:76

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Despite cervical cancer being preventable with effective screening programs, it is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in many countries in Africa. Screening involv...

    Authors: Sandra Y. Oketch, Zachary Kwena, Yujung Choi, Konyin Adewumi, Michelle Moghadassi, Elizabeth A. Bukusi and Megan J. Huchko

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:75

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Female genital mutilation (FGM) is prevalent in Iraqi Kurdistan Region, but there is a lack of adequate knowledge about how the practice is perceived by the women population who are the direct victims of the p...

    Authors: Hamdia M. Ahmed, Sherzad A. Shabu and Nazar P. Shabila

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:66

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Despite the existence of an abortion law and a safe abortion policy in Ghana, the Ghana Statistical Service found that 15% of all women in the reproductive age group (15–49 years) have practiced unsafe abortio...

    Authors: Confidence Alorse Atakro, Stella Boatemaa Addo, Janet Sintim Aboagye, Awube Menlah, Isabella Garti, Kwaku Gyimah Amoa-Gyarteng, Theresa Sarpong, Peter Adatara, Kwasi Junior Kumah, Bernard Bediako Asare, Ami Korkor Mensah, Squiter Hans Lutterodt and George Sedinam Boni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:60

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Between 1957 and 1961 the substance Thalidomide was sold in West Germany and taken by many women as a sedative during pregnancy. This lead to miscarriages and infants been born with several severe malformation...

    Authors: Christina Samel, Christian Albus, Irmgard Nippert, Alexander Niecke, Markus Lüngen, Holger Pfaff and Klaus M. Peters

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:51

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Globally, women face many barriers in the attainment of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Since 2002, the legalisation of abortion in Nepal has seen significant progress in the expansion of saf...

    Authors: Claire Rogers, Sabitri Sapkota, Anita Tako and Jaya A. R. Dantas

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:40

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Symptomatic iron deficiency (ID) is a disorder affecting 10–20% of menstruating women. ID is diagnosed by measuring serum ferritin, a protein helping to store iron in the body. A deeper understanding of the as...

    Authors: Patricia R. Blank, Yuki Tomonaga, Thomas D. Szucs and Matthias Schwenkglenks

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:39

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Intimate partner violence exposes women to a wide range of health problems that can either directly or indirectly lead to maternal death. Although in a number of studies intimate partner violence has been asso...

    Authors: Abdulbasit Musa, Catherine Chojenta, Ayele Geleto and Deborah Loxton

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:36

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Until now, no previous study has addressed the menstrual patterns among female international students in China. In this present study, our objectives are to ascertain the menstrual characteristics and address ...

    Authors: Emmanuel Ansong, Samuel Kofi Arhin, Yaoyao Cai, Xinxin Xu and Xueqing Wu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:35

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects one in three women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Although important policy and programmatic steps ha...

    Authors: Cari Jo Clark, Gemma Ferguson, Binita Shrestha, Prabin Nanicha Shrestha, Brian Batayeh, Irina Bergenfeld, Stella Chang and Susi McGhee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:20

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    In biomedical prevention trials, correct and consistent use of the investigational product is crucial to determine efficacy. Product adherence in VOICE, a phase 2B randomized trial of a vaginal gel and oral ta...

    Authors: Ariana W. K. Katz, Barbara S. Mensch, Kubashni Woeber, Petina Musara, Juliane Etima and Ariane van der Straten

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:18

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    Women’s economic empowerment has long been assumed to lead to their social empowerment, but systematic tests of this relationship have only recently begun to appear in the literature. Theory predicts that cont...

    Authors: Margaret E. Tankard, Elizabeth Levy Paluck and Deborah A. Prentice

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:17

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    When untreated, dyslipidemia is a higher risk factor for stroke and stroke-related mortality in men than in women. However, when dyslipidemia is treated the risk reduction is the same, but men benefited from m...

    Authors: Brice Blum, Leah Wormack, Mason Holtel, Alexandria Penwell, Shyyon Lari, Brittany Walker and Thomas I. Nathaniel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:11

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    There is limited evidence regarding the ways in which displacement disrupts social norms, expectations and trajectories for adolescent girls and young women and the resulting impacts on their risks of violence...

    Authors: Alison Wringe, Ekua Yankah, Tania Parks, Omar Mohamed, Mohamad Saleh, Olivia Speed, Rebecca Hémono, Bridget Relyea, Mahad Ibrahim, Jaspal S. Sandhu and Jennifer Scott

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:9

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Debate

    The prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and vaginal microbiota types varies dramatically between different populations around the world. Understanding what underpins these differences is important, as high-...

    Authors: Chris R. Kenyon, Wim Delva and Rebecca M. Brotman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:8

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    There is little data on Trichomonas vaginalis infection in Ghana. This study evaluated the prevalence of trichomoniasis using different diagnostic methods and determined the risk factors for infection in patients...

    Authors: Richard Harry Asmah, Rita Ofosuaa Agyeman, Noah Obeng-Nkrumah, Harriet Blankson, Georgina Awuah-Mensah, Momodou Cham, Listowell Asare and Patrick Ferdinand Ayeh-Kumi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:206

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Most studies on female sexual dysfunction are performed in population inventories and under specific clinical conditions. These approaches are performed using validated psychometric scales. Different scales to...

    Authors: Christiane Kelen Lucena da Costa, Maria Helena Constantino Spyrides and Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de Sousa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:204

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Despite efforts at curbing maternal morbidity and mortality, developing countries are still burdened with high rates of maternal morbidity and mortality. Ethiopia is not an exception and has one of the world’s...

    Authors: Gezahegn Tesfaye, Deborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta, Nega Assefa and Roger Smith

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:198

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Women’s sexuality may be adversely affected during the menopausal transition. This exploratory qualitative study was conducted to explore how women assign meaning to and process sexual motivation during the me...

    Authors: Zeinab Javadivala, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Carol Underwood, Mojgan Mirghafourvand and Hamid Allahverdipour

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:191

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Early discontinuation of the Implanon contraceptive method and reasons for such discontinuation remains a major concern for family planning programs. In less developed countries, contraceptive discontinuation ...

    Authors: Abreham Nageso and Achamyelesh Gebretsadik

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:189

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Spontaneous miscarriage is the most common complication of pregnancy, occurring in up to 20% of pregnancies. Despite the prevalence of miscarriage, little is known regarding peoples’ awareness and understandin...

    Authors: Indra San Lazaro Campillo, Sarah Meaney, Jacqueline Sheehan, Rachel Rice and Keelin O’Donoghue

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:188

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission (PMTCT) coverage has been low in Ethiopia and the service has been implemented in a fragmented manner. Solutions to this problem have mainly been sought on the su...

    Authors: Elias Asfaw Zegeye, Josue Mbonigaba and Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:187

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Early and late age at menarche are associated with risk of hypertension, but little is known whether modifiable lifestyle can reduce this risk.

    Authors: Liqiong Guo, Cheng Peng, Hui Xu, Ander Wilson, Peng-hui Li, Hao Wang, Hongbin Liu, Lilin Shen, Xi Chen, Xiuying Qi, Nai-jun Tang, Timothy M. Barrow and Hyang-Min Byun

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:182

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Evidence suggests that gender equality positively influences family planning. However, the evidence from urban Africa is sparse. This study aimed to examine the association between changes in gender norms and ...

    Authors: Chinelo C. Okigbo, Ilene S. Speizer, Marisa E. Domino, Sian L. Curtis, Carolyn T. Halpern and Jean C. Fotso

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:178

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    Increasing uptake of modern contraception is done to alleviate maternal and infant mortality in poor countries. We describe prevalence of contraceptive use, high risk births, under-five mortality and their ris...

    Authors: Admire Chikandiwa, Emma Burgess, Kennedy Otwombe and Lucy Chimoyi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:173

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Reducing unmet need for family planning by increasing the rate of modern contraceptive use is indispensable if Cameroon must meet maternal mortality targets of the Sustainable Development Goals. The objective ...

    Authors: Esambe Emmanuel Edietah, Philip Nana Njotang, Atem Bethel Ajong, Marie José Essi, Martin Ndinakie Yakum and Enow Robinson Mbu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:171

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this scoping study is to review the published literature and summarize findings related to barriers experienced by immigrant women in Canada while accessing cervical cancer screening.

    Authors: Mahzabin Ferdous, Sonya Lee, Suzanne Goopy, Huiming Yang, Nahid Rumana, Tasnima Abedin and Tanvir C. Turin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:165

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a major public health concern worldwide affecting up to one in five women at reproductive age. It is associated with biochemical and hormonal disturbances as well as adverse...

    Authors: Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Bita Fereidooni, Mohsen Saffari and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:164

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Current cervical cancer screening guidelines recommend a Pap test every 3 years for women age 21–65 years, or for women 30–65 years who want to lengthen the screening interval, a combination of Pap test and hi...

    Authors: Adana A. M. Llanos, Jennifer Tsui, David Rotter, Lindsey Toler and Antoinette M. Stroup

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:162

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Most research on the health impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child abuse has been conducted in Western countries and may not be generalizable to women living in different contexts, such as Saudi ...

    Authors: Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong and Fadia AlBuhairan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:160

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Modern contraceptive use remains an important public health intervention and a cost-effective strategy to reduce maternal mortality, avert unintended pregnancies and to control population explosion, especially...

    Authors: Paul Beson, Richard Appiah and Augustine Adomah-Afari

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:157

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Globally, three million girls are at risk of female genital mutilation (FGM) and an estimated 200 million girls and women in the world have undergone FGM. While the overall prevalence of FGM in Ghana is 4%, st...

    Authors: Evelyn Sakeah, Cornelius Debpuur, Abraham Rexford Oduro, Paul Welaga, Raymond Aborigo, James Kotuah Sakeah and Cheryl A. Moyer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:150

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    Informing the individuals on family planning including emergency contraception is a significant step for preventing unintended pregnancies. Although there is a number of studies on family planning and emergenc...

    Authors: Ozen Asut, Ovgu Ozenli, Gizem Gur, Elif Deliceo, Buse Cagin, Okan Korun, Ozgur Turk, Songul Vaizoglu and Sanda Cali

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:149

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Quality of life among abused women in Norway in 2006 was found to be significantly low compared to women at the same age in general. The aim of this study was to examine how quality of life is associated with ...

    Authors: Kjersti Alsaker, Bente E. Moen, Tone Morken and Valborg Baste

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:148

    Published on: