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Women's public health issues

This section considers studies regarding issues women face in the developed and the developing world, including violence, conflict, poverty, discrimination, and other social, psychological, and biological factors.

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  1. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects one in three women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Although important policy and programmatic steps ha...

    Authors: Cari Jo Clark, Gemma Ferguson, Binita Shrestha, Prabin Nanicha Shrestha, Brian Batayeh, Irina Bergenfeld, Stella Chang and Susi McGhee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:20

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. In biomedical prevention trials, correct and consistent use of the investigational product is crucial to determine efficacy. Product adherence in VOICE, a phase 2B randomized trial of a vaginal gel and oral ta...

    Authors: Ariana W. K. Katz, Barbara S. Mensch, Kubashni Woeber, Petina Musara, Juliane Etima and Ariane van der Straten

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:18

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Women’s economic empowerment has long been assumed to lead to their social empowerment, but systematic tests of this relationship have only recently begun to appear in the literature. Theory predicts that cont...

    Authors: Margaret E. Tankard, Elizabeth Levy Paluck and Deborah A. Prentice

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:17

    Content type: Research article

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  4. When untreated, dyslipidemia is a higher risk factor for stroke and stroke-related mortality in men than in women. However, when dyslipidemia is treated the risk reduction is the same, but men benefited from m...

    Authors: Brice Blum, Leah Wormack, Mason Holtel, Alexandria Penwell, Shyyon Lari, Brittany Walker and Thomas I. Nathaniel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:11

    Content type: Research article

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  5. There is limited evidence regarding the ways in which displacement disrupts social norms, expectations and trajectories for adolescent girls and young women and the resulting impacts on their risks of violence...

    Authors: Alison Wringe, Ekua Yankah, Tania Parks, Omar Mohamed, Mohamad Saleh, Olivia Speed, Rebecca Hémono, Bridget Relyea, Mahad Ibrahim, Jaspal S. Sandhu and Jennifer Scott

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:9

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and vaginal microbiota types varies dramatically between different populations around the world. Understanding what underpins these differences is important, as high-...

    Authors: Chris R. Kenyon, Wim Delva and Rebecca M. Brotman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:8

    Content type: Debate

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  7. There is little data on Trichomonas vaginalis infection in Ghana. This study evaluated the prevalence of trichomoniasis using different diagnostic methods and determined the risk factors for infection in patients...

    Authors: Richard Harry Asmah, Rita Ofosuaa Agyeman, Noah Obeng-Nkrumah, Harriet Blankson, Georgina Awuah-Mensah, Momodou Cham, Listowell Asare and Patrick Ferdinand Ayeh-Kumi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:206

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Most studies on female sexual dysfunction are performed in population inventories and under specific clinical conditions. These approaches are performed using validated psychometric scales. Different scales to...

    Authors: Christiane Kelen Lucena da Costa, Maria Helena Constantino Spyrides and Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de Sousa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:204

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Despite efforts at curbing maternal morbidity and mortality, developing countries are still burdened with high rates of maternal morbidity and mortality. Ethiopia is not an exception and has one of the world’s...

    Authors: Gezahegn Tesfaye, Deborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta, Nega Assefa and Roger Smith

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:198

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Women’s sexuality may be adversely affected during the menopausal transition. This exploratory qualitative study was conducted to explore how women assign meaning to and process sexual motivation during the me...

    Authors: Zeinab Javadivala, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Carol Underwood, Mojgan Mirghafourvand and Hamid Allahverdipour

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:191

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Early discontinuation of the Implanon contraceptive method and reasons for such discontinuation remains a major concern for family planning programs. In less developed countries, contraceptive discontinuation ...

    Authors: Abreham Nageso and Achamyelesh Gebretsadik

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:189

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Spontaneous miscarriage is the most common complication of pregnancy, occurring in up to 20% of pregnancies. Despite the prevalence of miscarriage, little is known regarding peoples’ awareness and understandin...

    Authors: Indra San Lazaro Campillo, Sarah Meaney, Jacqueline Sheehan, Rachel Rice and Keelin O’Donoghue

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:188

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission (PMTCT) coverage has been low in Ethiopia and the service has been implemented in a fragmented manner. Solutions to this problem have mainly been sought on the su...

    Authors: Elias Asfaw Zegeye, Josue Mbonigaba and Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:187

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Early and late age at menarche are associated with risk of hypertension, but little is known whether modifiable lifestyle can reduce this risk.

    Authors: Liqiong Guo, Cheng Peng, Hui Xu, Ander Wilson, Peng-hui Li, Hao Wang, Hongbin Liu, Lilin Shen, Xi Chen, Xiuying Qi, Nai-jun Tang, Timothy M. Barrow and Hyang-Min Byun

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:182

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Evidence suggests that gender equality positively influences family planning. However, the evidence from urban Africa is sparse. This study aimed to examine the association between changes in gender norms and ...

    Authors: Chinelo C. Okigbo, Ilene S. Speizer, Marisa E. Domino, Sian L. Curtis, Carolyn T. Halpern and Jean C. Fotso

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:178

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Increasing uptake of modern contraception is done to alleviate maternal and infant mortality in poor countries. We describe prevalence of contraceptive use, high risk births, under-five mortality and their ris...

    Authors: Admire Chikandiwa, Emma Burgess, Kennedy Otwombe and Lucy Chimoyi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:173

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Reducing unmet need for family planning by increasing the rate of modern contraceptive use is indispensable if Cameroon must meet maternal mortality targets of the Sustainable Development Goals. The objective ...

    Authors: Esambe Emmanuel Edietah, Philip Nana Njotang, Atem Bethel Ajong, Marie José Essi, Martin Ndinakie Yakum and Enow Robinson Mbu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:171

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The objective of this scoping study is to review the published literature and summarize findings related to barriers experienced by immigrant women in Canada while accessing cervical cancer screening.

    Authors: Mahzabin Ferdous, Sonya Lee, Suzanne Goopy, Huiming Yang, Nahid Rumana, Tasnima Abedin and Tanvir C. Turin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:165

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a major public health concern worldwide affecting up to one in five women at reproductive age. It is associated with biochemical and hormonal disturbances as well as adverse...

    Authors: Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Bita Fereidooni, Mohsen Saffari and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:164

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Current cervical cancer screening guidelines recommend a Pap test every 3 years for women age 21–65 years, or for women 30–65 years who want to lengthen the screening interval, a combination of Pap test and hi...

    Authors: Adana A. M. Llanos, Jennifer Tsui, David Rotter, Lindsey Toler and Antoinette M. Stroup

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:162

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Most research on the health impacts of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child abuse has been conducted in Western countries and may not be generalizable to women living in different contexts, such as Saudi ...

    Authors: Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong and Fadia AlBuhairan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:160

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Modern contraceptive use remains an important public health intervention and a cost-effective strategy to reduce maternal mortality, avert unintended pregnancies and to control population explosion, especially...

    Authors: Paul Beson, Richard Appiah and Augustine Adomah-Afari

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:157

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Globally, three million girls are at risk of female genital mutilation (FGM) and an estimated 200 million girls and women in the world have undergone FGM. While the overall prevalence of FGM in Ghana is 4%, st...

    Authors: Evelyn Sakeah, Cornelius Debpuur, Abraham Rexford Oduro, Paul Welaga, Raymond Aborigo, James Kotuah Sakeah and Cheryl A. Moyer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:150

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Informing the individuals on family planning including emergency contraception is a significant step for preventing unintended pregnancies. Although there is a number of studies on family planning and emergenc...

    Authors: Ozen Asut, Ovgu Ozenli, Gizem Gur, Elif Deliceo, Buse Cagin, Okan Korun, Ozgur Turk, Songul Vaizoglu and Sanda Cali

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:149

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Quality of life among abused women in Norway in 2006 was found to be significantly low compared to women at the same age in general. The aim of this study was to examine how quality of life is associated with ...

    Authors: Kjersti Alsaker, Bente E. Moen, Tone Morken and Valborg Baste

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:148

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Early marriage of girls (marriage < 18 years) is a pervasive abuse of rights that compromises maternal and child health. The common conceptualization of this practice as an outcome undermines the nuanced and s...

    Authors: Lotus McDougal, Emma C. Jackson, Katherine A. McClendon, Yemeserach Belayneh, Anand Sinha and Anita Raj

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:144

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is an important public health issue. Framing studies indicate that how the news media cover public health issues is critical for designing effective health promotion int...

    Authors: Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Sally B. Owusu-Addo, Ernestina F. Antoh, Yaw A. Sarpong, Kwaku Obeng-Okrah and Grace K. Annan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:129

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Contraceptives are used in family planning to space or limit pregnancies and are categorized into modern and traditional methods. The modern methods have been proven to be more scientifically effective at prev...

    Authors: Philomina Akadity Aviisah, Samuel Dery, Benedicta Kafui Atsu, Alfred Yawson, Refah M. Alotaibi, Hoda Ragab Rezk and Chris Guure

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:141

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Violence against women remains an important issue of inequality in African societies, with several consequences to health, social and economic status. This study aims to identify the factors related to the per...

    Authors: Alphonse Kpozehouen, Noël Moussiliou Paraïso, Yolaine Glèlè Ahanhanzo, Elvyre Klikpo, Charles Sossa Jérôme, Laurent T. Ouédraogo and Roger Salamon

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:140

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Domestic violence during pregnancy with its many negative fetal and maternal outcomes is a common public health problem all over the world. Nonetheless, the problem is not well investigated and understood in E...

    Authors: Elfalet Fekadu, Getachew Yigzaw, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Tadesse Awoke Ayele, Tameru Minwuye, Tinsae Geneta and Destaw Fetene Teshome

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:138

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women has been recognised as a public health problem with far-reaching consequences for the physical, reproductive, and mental health of women. The ecological framework ...

    Authors: Faith Owunari Benebo, Barbara Schumann and Masoud Vaezghasemi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:136

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Eritrean migrants in Israel, the majority of whom are seeking asylum, have limited access to institutional support. While the temporary group protection granted to Eritreans by Israel ensures that they are not...

    Authors: Tsega Gebreyesus, Zebib Sultan, Habtom M. Ghebrezghiabher, Wietse A. Tol, Peter J. Winch, Nadav Davidovitch and Pamela J. Surkan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:135

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The prevalence and effect of polygamous relationships may have serious reproductive and /or health consequences for women. In South Africa, unlike in other sub-Saharan countries, no nationwide survey has inves...

    Authors: Musawenkosi L. H. Mabaso, Nthabiseng F. Malope and Leickness C. Simbayi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:133

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) constitutes a major public health problem and is associated with a substantial amount of disability and premature death worldwide. Several treatment and self-help options including A...

    Authors: Maji Hailemariam, Michael Stein, Bradley Anderson, Yael Chatav Schonbrun, Kelly Moore, Megan Kurth, Fallon Richie and Jennifer E. Johnson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:125

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Over 90% of the children with Human Immunodeficiency Virus are infected through the mother to child transmission process according to literatures. Preventing unintended pregnancy by using contraceptive methods...

    Authors: Bilen Mekonnen Araya, Abayneh Akililu Solomon, Kahsay Zenebe Gebreslasie, Temesgen Worku Gudayu and Kiber Temesgen Anteneh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:121

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence of intimate partner and family violence amongst a population of Australian female nurses, doctors and allied health professionals.

    Authors: Elizabeth McLindon, Cathy Humphreys and Kelsey Hegarty

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:113

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Female sexual dysfunction affects 41% of reproductive-age women worldwide, making it a highly prevalent medical issue. Predictors of female sexual dysfunction are multifaceted and vary from country to country....

    Authors: Megan McCool-Myers, Melissa Theurich, Andrea Zuelke, Helge Knuettel and Christian Apfelbacher

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:108

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Women with fistula live in a state of distress and in fear of their future life. An obstetric fistula has a devastating impact on affected women and their families. The objective of this systematic review was ...

    Authors: Debrework Tesgera Bashah, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku and Mezgebu Yitayal Mengistu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:106

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Immigrants to Western countries increasingly originate from countries with pervasive gender inequalities, where women experience disproportionately high rates of threats to their well-being. Health and social ...

    Authors: Alia Januwalla, Ariel Pulver, Susitha Wanigaratne, Patricia O’Campo and Marcelo L. Urquia

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:104

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The aim of this study was to determine whether intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is associated with causes of death during on average 35 years follow-up after the delivery.

    Authors: Suvi-Tuulia Hämäläinen, Kaisa Turunen, Kari J. Mattila and Markku Sumanen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:98

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Abortion remains among the leading causes of maternal death worldwide. Post-abortion contraception is significantly effective in preventing unintended pregnancy and abortion if provided before women leave the ...

    Authors: Goshu Hagos, Gurmesa Tura, Gizienesh Kahsay, Kebede Haile, Teklit Grum and Tsige Araya

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:83

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder among women of reproductive age. Nearly 40% of women report problems with their menstrual cycles. Exercise is one of the recommended treatments to reduce sympto...

    Authors: Zahra Mohebbi Dehnavi, Farzaneh Jafarnejad and Somayeh Sadeghi Goghary

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:80

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Cousin marriages, in the Netherlands most frequently between Turkish or Moroccan couples, are at higher risk of having offspring with recessive disorders. Often, these couples not perceive or accept this risk,...

    Authors: Petra Verdonk, Suzanne Metselaar, Oka Storms and Edien Bartels

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:79

    Content type: Research article

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  44. For physiological as well as behavioral reasons, sexual debut increases young individuals’ risk for infection with sexually transmitted infection including HIV. It is fundamental to recognize the factors relat...

    Authors: Digafe Tsegaye Nigatu, Asefa Seme, Shewaye Fituma and Mesfin Tafa Segni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2018 18:76

    Content type: Research article

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