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  1. Research on traditional gender beliefs has highlighted their psychological impact and social implications for women. The purpose of this study was twofold. First, we aimed to adapt and validate the Spanish ver...

    Authors: Montse Rovira, Leonor Lega, Carlos Suso-Ribera and Izaskun Orue

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:17

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is related to women’s sexual attitudes, beliefs, and power dynamics within marriages in developing c...

    Authors: Chukwuechefulam Kingsley Imo, Clifford O. Odimegwu and Nicole De Wet-Billings

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:16

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In the literature, professions that impose body standards for daily performance are designated as non-conventional professions (i.e. models, athletes, ballet dancers), with great emphasis on the female populat...

    Authors: Salime Chedid Lisboa, Alexandra Vieira, Juliana Lopes Teodoro, Rochelle Costa, Franccesco Pinto Boeno, Juliano Farinha, Cláudia Gomes Bracht, Álvaro Reischak-Oliveira and Giovani dos Santos Cunha

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:15

    Content type: Research

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  4. Elagolix is effective and safe for treating menorrhagia in women with uterine fibroid. However, it is reported to be associated with hypoestrogenism that can be alleviated by adding estradiol/norethindrone ace...

    Authors: Juliawati Muhammad, Yusnita Yusof, Imran Ahmad and Mohd Noor Norhayati

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:14

    Content type: Research

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  5. Regarding the high rate of obesity and overweight among women, develop a comprehensive and effective program it seems necessary to improve their nutritional behaviors and physical activity. This study aims to ...

    Authors: Ali Khani Jeihooni, Mehdi Layeghiasl, Asiyeh Yari and Tayebeh Rakhshani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:13

    Content type: Research

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  6. Obesity among women of childbearing age has becoming an important public health concern. We aimed to describe the trends of central obesity among Chinese women of childbearing age from 2004 to 2011 and to exam...

    Authors: Zichong Long, Lili Huang, Jiajun Lyu, Yuanqing Xia, Yiting Chen, Rong Li, Yanlin Wang and Shenghui Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:12

    Content type: Research

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  7. The World Health Organization estimated that approximately 48 million couples and 186 million people are infertile worldwide. Although the problem of infertility is increasing worldwide, as well as in Ethiopia...

    Authors: Mekdes Akalewold, Getachew W. Yohannes, Ziyad Ahmed Abdo, Yonas Hailu and Aynye Negesse

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:11

    Content type: Research

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  8. Early initiation of antenatal care (ANC) within the first trimester is highly recommended in the current 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Mass media has the potential to promote early initiatio...

    Authors: Quraish Sserwanja, Linet M. Mutisya and Milton W. Musaba

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:10

    Content type: Research

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  9. Inappropriate management of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) may be the result of an inaccurate colposcopic diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess colposcopic performance in identifyi...

    Authors: Anying Bai, Jiaxu Wang, Qing Li, Samuel Seery, Peng Xue and Yu Jiang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:9

    Content type: Research

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  10. In gynecology, the number of laparoscopic surgeries performed has increased annually because laparoscopic surgery presents a greater number of advantages from a cosmetic perspective and allows for a less invas...

    Authors: Kuniaki Ota, Yukiko Katagiri, Masafumi Katakura, Takafumi Mukai, Kentaro Nakaoka, Toshimitsu Maemura, Toshifumi Takahashi and Mineto Morita

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:8

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counseling and testing services are vital to reduce the spread of HIV infection, and to create an opportunity for early treatment and reduction of HIV/AIDS-related mortality....

    Authors: Adugnaw Zeleke Alem, Achamyeleh Birhanu Teshale, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew, Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema, Ayenew Kassie Tesema and Yigizie Yeshaw

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:7

    Content type: Research

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  12. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common problem of women of reproductive age, affecting various aspects of their lives. However, limited studies have investigated the effect of internet-based cognitive-behavio...

    Authors: Sanam Borji-Navan, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Khalil Esmaeilpour, Mojgan Mirghafourvand and Ali Ahmadian-Khooinarood

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:5

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The mental health of refugee women is often affected by multiple risk factors in their social ecology. Assessing these risk factors is foundational in determining potential areas for intervention. We used the ...

    Authors: Mohamad Adam Brooks, Melissa Meinhart, Luma Samawi, Trena Mukherjee, Ruba Jaber, Hani Alhomsh, Neeraj Kaushal, Raeda Al Qutob, Maysa’ Khadra, Nabila El-Bassel and Anindita Dasgupta

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:4

    Content type: Research

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  14. Although relationships between exposure to air pollution and reproductive health are broadly studied, mechanisms behind these phenomena are still unknown. The aim of the study was to assess whether exposure to...

    Authors: Anna Merklinger-Gruchala, Grazyna Jasienska, Inger Thune and Maria Kapiszewska

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:3

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POI) is defined by the occurrence of menopause before the age of 40 years. It is often associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to explore the ...

    Authors: Mohammad Reza Mirinezhad, Hamideh Ghazizadeh, Maliheh Aghsizadeh, Mohammad Zamiri Bidary, Alireza Naghipour, Elahe Hasanzadeh, Mahdiyeh Yaghooti-Khorasani, Ali Ebrahimi Dabagh, Mohammad Reza Shadmand Foumani Moghadam, Nazanin Sheikh Andalibi, Zeynab Naseri Far, Habibollah Esmaily, Gordon A. Ferns, Tayebeh Hamzehloei, Alireza Pasdar and Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:2

    Content type: Research

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  16. In gynecologic cancer survivors, female sexual dysfunction (FSD) remains under-investigated. We attempted to estimate the prevalence of FSD associated with distress in gynecologic cancer survivors using diagno...

    Authors: Hao Lin, Hung-Chun Fu, Chen-Hsuan Wu, Yi-Jen Tsai, Yin-Jou Chou, Chun-Ming Shih and Yu-Che Ou

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2022 22:1

    Content type: Research

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  17. Surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is associated with high recurrence rates. The costs associated with the treatment of recurrent POP are huge, and the burden from women who encounter recurrent POP, negat...

    Authors: Eva V. Vodegel, Sandra E. Zwolsman, Astrid Vollebregt, Ruben G. Duijnhoven, Judith E. Bosmans, Leonie Speksnijder, Eveline J. Roos, Wilbert Spaans, Franca Gerards, Albert Adriaanse, Flora Vernooij, Alfredo L. Milani, Marko Sikkema, Mirjam Weemhoff, Marieke Mous, Anne Damoiseaux…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:439

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. The reliability and validity of the Champion’s Health Belief Model Scale (CHBMS) used in assessing the belief of women regarding breast cancer (BC) and breast cancer screening (BCS) have been examined on various ...

    Authors: Sarah Noman, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Hejar Abdul Rahman, Suriani Ismail, Musheer A. Aljaberi and Muzaphar N. Abdulrahman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:437

    Content type: Research

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  19. This study aimed to estimate the difference in vaginal bleeding pattern, discontinuation rate, and satisfaction between immediate after abortion and menstrual insertions of etonogestrel contraceptive implants.

    Authors: Wanren Zheng, Yibo Tang, Chunfen Wang, Xiaocen Niu, Zhida Qian and Lili Huang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:436

    Content type: Research

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  20. It is estimated that less than one third of women (28%) worldwide, are not sufficiently active, and there is evidence indicating physical activity (PA) participation is lower during pregnancy and the postpartu...

    Authors: L. R. Peralta, W. G. Cotton, D. A. Dudley, L. L. Hardy, Z. Yager and I. Prichard

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:435

    Content type: Research

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  21. Menopause is a natural event experienced by women in middle age. To help women manage this event, it is important to identify their health information needs. A study specific questionnaire was used to identify...

    Authors: Sadrieh Hajesmaeel-Gohari, Elaheh Shafiei, Fatemeh Ghasemi and Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:434

    Content type: Research

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  22. The relationship between women’s reproductive characteristics and stroke events is unclear. We aimed to investigate age at menarche, age at menopause and number of reproductive years in relation to fatal strok...

    Authors: Zhi-bing Hu, Ze-xiong Lu and Feng Zhu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:433

    Content type: Research

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  23. Despite the enormous benefit of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) to mothers and infants, the practice of exclusive breastfeeding is globally low. In sub-Saharan Africa and Ethiopia, the prevalence of EBF stands a...

    Authors: Megersa Kumera and Jemal Haidar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:432

    Content type: Research

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  24. Historically, hysterectomy has been the radical treatment for adenomyosis. Although, some patients may not want to have their uterus removed, patients often have to no choice but to request hysterectomy during...

    Authors: Chiho Miyagawa, Kosuke Murakami, Takako Tobiume, Takafumi Nonogaki and Noriomi Matsumura

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:431

    Content type: Research

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  25. Women with abdominal pain and bloating frequently have their Ca-125 levels investigated for suspected ovarian cancer and this has led to a significant increase in referrals to the ovarian cancer service. We ha...

    Authors: Ayisha A. Ashmore, Chellappah Gnanachandran, Iqra Luqman and Kathryn Horrocks

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:429

    Content type: Research article

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  26. As the public health problems, accidents are the most important causes of child mortality. The present study aimed to determine the effect of educational intervention based on health belief model on accident p...

    Authors: Elnaz Moridi, Zahra Fazelniya, Asiyeh Yari, Tahereh Gholami, Pooyan Afzali Hasirini and Ali Khani Jeihooni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:428

    Content type: Research

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  27. Violence against women remains devastatingly pervasive and remained unchanged over the past decade. Violence against women is preventable and help-seeking of women subjected to violence is an entry point. So, ...

    Authors: Simegnew Handebo, Ayenew Kassie and Adane Nigusie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:427

    Content type: Research

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  28. Cervical cancer (CC) morbidity and mortality is still high in developing countries like Zimbabwe. Treatment for CC is out of reach for many women, hence the need to maximise on prevention which mainly includes...

    Authors: Petmore Zibako, Nomsa Tsikai, Sarah Manyame and Themba G. Ginindza

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:426

    Content type: Research

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  29. Conditions such as genital prolapse and hernia are known to be related to connective tissue dysfunction. In this report on cases of the rare simultaneous finding of large genital prolapse and post-prolapse rep...

    Authors: A. Esber, A. Kopera, M. P. Radosa, I. B. Runnebaum, H. K. Mothes and A. R. Mothes

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:425

    Content type: Case report

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  30. There is a considerable dearth of official metrics for women empowerment, which is pivotal to observe universal progress towards Sustainable Development Goals 5, targeting "achieve gender equality and empower ...

    Authors: Maryam Vizheh, Salut Muhidin, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam and Armin Zareiyan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:424

    Content type: Research

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  31. Recent epidemiological studies suggest that reproductive factors are associated with breast cancer (BC) molecular subtypes. However, these associations have not been thoroughly studied in the African populatio...

    Authors: Linus P. Rweyemamu, Gokce Akan, Ismael C. Adolf, Erick P. Magorosa, Innocent J. Mosha, Nazima Dharsee, Lucy A. Namkinga, Sylvester L. Lyantagaye, Abdolrahman S. Nateri and Fatmahan Atalar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:423

    Content type: Research

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  32. To study the concentrations of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in peritoneal fluid (PF) and serum, and to evaluate their exp...

    Authors: Sahel Heidari, Roya Kolahdouz-Mohammadi, Sepideh Khodaverdi, Nader Tajik and Ali-Akbar Delbandi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:422

    Content type: Research

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  33. Health literacy and health beliefs are factors that can effectively contribute to adoption of preventive behaviors among women. The present study was done to explore the role of health beliefs and health liter...

    Authors: Mahla Ghorbani-Dehbalaei, Marzeyeh Loripoor and Mostafa Nasirzadeh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:421

    Content type: Research

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  34. Primary female genital system lymphoma (PFGSL) is an infrequent entity. All genital organs may be affected, and most PFGSLs are localized to the cervix, uterine body, and ovaries. The clinical manifestations a...

    Authors: Erqiu Du, Xiangdong Qu, Wei Xu and Hongsheng Lu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:420

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  35. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women worldwide. The formulation or evaluation on prevention strategies all require an accurate understanding of the burden for cervical cancer burden. W...

    Authors: Miaomiao Zhao, Qunhong Wu, Yanhua Hao, Jingcen Hu, Yuexia Gao, Shan Zhou and Liyuan Han

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:419

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Initial detection of axillary metastasis without known ipsilateral breast cancer could be a challenging diagnostic problem. Four options could be considered for the primary site of the malignancy: ipsilateral ...

    Authors: Myung Won Song, So Yeon Ki, Hyo Soon Lim, Hyo-jae Lee, Ji Shin Lee and Jung Han Yoon

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:418

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. Diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer potentially leads to sexual dysfunction and sexual distress in women and negatively affects their quality of life (QoL). This study aimed at determining the effect of P...

    Authors: Zohreh Keshavarz, Elham Karimi, Samira Golezar, Giti Ozgoli and Maliheh Nasiri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:417

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Adenosarcoma is classified as a mixed epithelial and mesenchymal tumor composed of a benign epithelial component and a malignant stromal component. The stromal component in adenosarcoma is usually low grade, a...

    Authors: Go Nakai, Hiroki Matsutani, Takashi Yamada, Masahide Ohmichi, Kazuhiro Yamamoto and Keigo Osuga

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:416

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  39. Rural women are more likely to be obese and have a higher risk for chronic disease than their non-rural counterparts. Inadequate physical activity (PA) at least in part contributes to this increased risk. Rura...

    Authors: Manorama M. Khare, Kristine Zimmermann, Rebecca Lyons, Cara Locklin and Ben S. Gerber

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:415

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Despite women’s greater need for cardiac rehabilitation (CR), they are less likely to utilize it. Innovative CR models have been developed to better meet women’s needs, yet there is little controlled, comparat...

    Authors: Fiorella A. Heald, Susan Marzolini, Tracey J. F. Colella, Paul Oh, Rajni Nijhawan and Sherry L. Grace

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:413

    Content type: Research

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  41. Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among women worldwide and the leading cause of death among Iraqi women. Breast cancer cases in Iraq were found to have increased from 26.6/100,000 in 2000 to 31....

    Authors: Hashim Talib Hashim, Mustafa Ahmed Ramadhan, Kabas Monther Theban, John Bchara, Ahed El-Abed-El-Rassoul and Jaffer Shah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:412

    Content type: Research

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  42. There is unmet need for family planning in Rwanda. We previously developed an evidence-based couples’ family planning counseling (C)FPC program in the capital city that combines: (1) fertility goal-based famil...

    Authors: Amelia Mazzei, Rosine Ingabire, Etienne Karita, Jeannine Mukamuyango, Julien Nyombayire, Rachel Parker, Amanda Tichacek, Susan Allen and Kristin M. Wall

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:411

    Content type: Research

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  43. Qualitative data show negative impacts of menstruation on health and education in many settings, but there are few longitudinal quantitative studies of the impact of menstruation. We analyse associations with ...

    Authors: Clare Tanton, Kevin Nakuya, Catherine Kansiime, Laura Hytti, Belen Torondel, Suzanna C. Francis, Prossy Namirembe, Shamirah Nakalema, Ruth Nalugya, Saidat Namuli Musoke, Stella Neema, David A. Ross, Chris Bonell, Janet Seeley and Helen A. Weiss

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:410

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The natural history of human papillomavirus (HPV) is influenced by vaginal microenvironment disorders, such as bacterial vaginosis (BV). The objective of this study was to assess the epidemiology of HPV combin...

    Authors: Wenyu Lin, Qiaoyu Zhang, Yaojia Chen, Lihua Chen, Binhua Dong and Pengming Sun

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:409

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Desire for more children has an impact on couple’s fertility behaviors. It can be a precursor of actual fertility performance. However, the desire for more children is declining over time in Ethiopia. Therefor...

    Authors: Mitiku Wale Muluneh and Yikeber Abebaw Moyehodie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:408

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Although associated with many successes, oocyte donation can lead to numerous psychological challenges in recipient women. The identification of these challenges during the treatment process is crucial to impr...

    Authors: Shohre Ghelich-Khani, Ashraf Kazemi, Malek Fereidooni-Moghadam and Mousa Alavi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:406

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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