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  1. Content type: Research article

    Wife beating is an important public health problem in many developing countries. We assessed the rates of wife beating and examined factors associated with wife beating in 1995 and 2005 in Egypt.

    Authors: Manas K Akmatov, Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Shokria Labeeb, Enas Dhaher and Md Mobarak Khan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:15

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and self-rated health (SRH) are strong predictors of morbidity and mortality but their interrelation is sparsely studied. The aim of this study was to analyse the association between weight changes and...

    Authors: Mette K Simonsen, Yrsa A Hundrup, Morten Grønbæk and Berit L Heitmann

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:13

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI's), including HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) mainly affects sexually active young people. Young adults aged 15–29 years, account for 32% of AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficie...

    Authors: Alexandra McManus and Lipi Dhar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:12

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    For most tubal ectopic pregnancies (EP) surgery is the treatment of first choice. Whether surgical treatment should be performed conservatively (salpingostomy) or radically (salpingectomy) in women wishing to ...

    Authors: Femke Mol, Annika Strandell, Davor Jurkovic, Tamer Yalcinkaya, Harold R Verhoeve, Carolien AM Koks, Paul JQ van der Linden, Giuseppe CM Graziosi, Andreas L Thurkow, Annemieke Hoek, Lars Hogström, Ingemar Klinte, Kerstin Nilsson, Norah M van Mello, Willem M Ankum, Fulco van der Veen…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:11

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Patients with ectopic pregnancy (EP) and low serum hCG concentrations and women with a pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) and plateauing serum hCG levels are commonly treated with systemic methotrexate (MTX)....

    Authors: Norah M van Mello, Femke Mol, Albert H Adriaanse, Erik A Boss, Antonius B Dijkman, Johannes PR Doornbos, Mark Hans Emanuel, Jaap Friederich, Loes van der Leeuw-Harmsen, Jos P Lips, Evert JP van Santbrink, Harold R Verhoeve, Harry Visser, Willem M Ankum, Fulco van der Veen, Ben W Mol…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:10

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  6. Content type: Research article

    This study was conducted to determine whether use of hormonal contraceptives is associated with cervical dysplasia and cancer in a population where there is widespread use of hormonal contraception and the rat...

    Authors: Norma McFarlane-Anderson, Patience E Bazuaye, Maria D Jackson, Monica Smikle and Horace M Fletcher

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:9

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Abnormal vaginal bleeding (AVB) in women of reproductive age is a common reason for consulting a general practitioner. Nevertheless, how general practitioners (GPs) choose to initially manage AVB is largely un...

    Authors: Corlien JH de Vries, Margreet Wieringa-de Waard, Cléo-Lotte AG Vervoort, Willem M Ankum and Patrick JE Bindels

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:7

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    20% of women living in the UK have a hysterectomy during their lifetime, levels are higher in the USA, making it one of the most commonly performed major surgical procedures. Understanding of the indications f...

    Authors: Helen J Stokes-Lampard, John Macleod and Sue Wilson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:6

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Although social integration is a well-established influence on health, less is known about how the specific types of social connection (social roles, social networks, and social support) influence knowledge, a...

    Authors: Ann Carroll Klassen and Carmen Washington

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:4

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The primary objective of this study was to investigate if supplementary lactobacilli treatment could improve the initial cure rate after vaginal clindamycin therapy, and secondly, if lactobacilli as repeated a...

    Authors: Per-Göran Larsson, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Kjeld R Ryttig and Stig Larsen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:3

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Hormone replacement therapy use (HRT) is associated with increased breast cancer risk. Our primary objective was to explore hormone levels in plasma according to HRT use, body mass index (BMI) and menopausal s...

    Authors: Marit Waaseth, Kjersti Bakken, Vanessa Dumeaux, Karina S Olsen, Charlotta Rylander, Yngve Figenschau and Eiliv Lund

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2008 8:1

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Years spent in college represents a critical time for obesity development though little information is known regarding how body weight and composition changes beyond the first year of college. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Holly R Hull, Michelle L Morrow, Mary K Dinger, Jennifer L Han and David A Fields

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:21

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Bacterial vaginosis (BV) during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery but little is known about factors that could predict BV. We have analyzed if it is possible to identify a cate...

    Authors: P-G Larsson, Lars Fåhraeus, Bodil Carlsson, Tell Jakobsson and Urban Forsum

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:20

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  14. Content type: Research article

    To examine the differences in menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) use and user profiles among women in Germany before and after the communication of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) trial and other study resul...

    Authors: Yong Du, Martina Dören, Hans-Ulrich W Melchert, Christa Scheidt-Nave and Hildtraud Knopf

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:19

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  15. Content type: Correspondence

    There is seemingly consistent and compelling evidence that there is no association between breastfeeding and breast cancer. An assumption follows that milk borne viruses cannot be associated with human breast ...

    Authors: James S Lawson, Joy Heads, Wendy K Glenn and Noel J Whitaker

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:17

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Cryotherapy is often used to treat cervical precancer in developing countries. There are different methods and cryogen gases used for cryotherapy, including the freeze-flush-freeze (cough) technique employed t...

    Authors: Yancy Seamans, Charlie Loesel, Jose Jeronimo, John Sellors and Philip E Castle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:16

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Preeclampsia involves endothelial dysfunction, platelet dysfunction/activation and sympathetic over-activity similar to cardiovascular disorders (CVD). Depression, an independent risk factor for progression of...

    Authors: Chunfang Qiu, Sixto E Sanchez, Nelly Lam, Pedro Garcia and Michelle A Williams

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:15

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Emergency contraception (EC) is widely available free of charge at public sector clinics in South Africa. At the same time, rates of teenage and unintended pregnancy in South Africa remain high, and there are ...

    Authors: Landon Myer, Regina Mlobeli, Di Cooper, Jennifer Smit and Chelsea Morroni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:14

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  19. Content type: Research article

    January 1, 2002, copayment for outpatient female sterilization in Norwegian public hospitals increased from 33 euros to 750 euros after a revision of the health care system. The aim of the present study was to...

    Authors: Inger J Bakken, Finn E Skjeldestad, Unni Schøyen and Marit G Husby

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:12

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Informed consent in family planning includes knowledge of mechanism of action. Some methods of family planning occasionally work after fertilization. Knowing about postfertilization effects may be important to...

    Authors: Jokin de Irala, Cristina Lopez del Burgo, Carmen M Lopez de Fez, Jorge Arredondo, Rafael T Mikolajczyk and Joseph B Stanford

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:10

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  21. Content type: Research article

    This paper reports the findings of an exploratory study about the information women diagnosed with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) want to know about their condition and the consequences of this information...

    Authors: Jodie C Avery and Annette J Braunack-Mayer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:9

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Heavy menstrual bleeding is a common symptom amongst women of reproductive age, yet questions remain about why some women experience this as a problem while others do not. We investigated the concerns of women...

    Authors: Miriam Santer, Sally Wyke and Pamela Warner

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:8

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Lack of knowledge regarding preventive health services for women might impede campaigns to expand these services in the emergency department setting. For 18–55-year-old English-speaking women visiting an urban...

    Authors: Roland C Merchant, Erin M Gee, Beth C Bock, Bruce M Becker and Melissa A Clark

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:7

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Limited data are available regarding the cost-effectiveness of preventative therapies for postmenopausal women with osteopenia. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of ralo...

    Authors: Eric S Meadows, Robert Klein, Matthew D Rousculp, Lee Smolen, Robert L Ohsfeldt and Joseph A Johnston

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:6

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Uterine fibroids or leiomyoma are a common benign smooth muscle tumor. The tumor growth is well known to be estrogen-dependent. However, the molecular mechanisms of its estrogen-dependency is not well understood.

    Authors: Tao Wei, Andrew G Geiser, Hui-Rong Qian, Chen Su, Leah M Helvering, Nalini H Kulkarini, Jianyong Shou, Mathias N'Cho, Henry U Bryant and Jude E Onyia

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:5

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this research was to explore women's decision-making experiences related to the option of risk-reducing mastectomy (RM), using a case series of three women who are carriers of a BRCA1/2 gene mutati...

    Authors: Mary McCullum, Joan L Bottorff, Mary Kelly, Stephanie A Kieffer and Lynda G Balneaves

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:3

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    At the time of feasibility work and final design of the trial there was no randomised control trial evidence for the long-term risks and benefits of hormone replacement therapy. Observational studies had sugge...

    Authors: Madge R Vickers, Jeannett Martin and Tom W Meade

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:2

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) diagnosis is mostly based on clinical findings. However, few studies have examined the clinical basis for the diagnostics of PID, which was the aim of this study.

    Authors: Jan Eggert, Kristina Sundquist, Caroline van Vuuren and Aino Fianu-Jonasson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:16

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The search for biologic endpoints and biomarkers in the study of breast cancer risk assessment and risk reduction strategies has led to an interest in obtaining cytologic information and other biomarkers from ...

    Authors: Kimberly A Baltzell, Margaret Wrensch and Jennette D Sison

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:15

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Tamoxifen, a selective estrogen receptor modulator with both estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activity, is widely used as adjuvant therapy in breast cancer patients. Treatment with tamoxifen is associated with s...

    Authors: Noel N Kim, Miljan Stankovic, Abdullah Armagan, Tulay T Cushman, Irwin Goldstein and Abdulmaged M Traish

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:14

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Previous epidemiological studies have inconsistently shown a modestly increased breast cancer risk associated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Limited information is available about different formulatio...

    Authors: Juergen C Dinger, Lothar AJ Heinemann, Sabine Möhner, Do Minh Thai and Anita Assmann

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:13

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Family planning counselling which covers knowledge transfer about contraceptive mode of action, by enabling informed choice, improves compliance to and efficiency of contraceptive methods.

    Authors: Pınar Topsever, Müge Filiz, Nihal Aladağ, Ruşen Topallı, Özlem Ciğerli and Süleyman Görpelioğlu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:12

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a prevalent and costly condition which may be treated surgically or by physical therapy. The aim of this review was to systematically assess the literature and present the ...

    Authors: Patricia B Neumann, Karen A Grimmer and Yamini Deenadayalan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:11

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based screening guidelines are needed for women under 40 with a family history of breast cancer, a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, or other risk factors. An accurate assessment of breast cancer risk is required...

    Authors: Wendy S Rubinstein, Jean J Latimer, Jules H Sumkin, Michelle Huerbin, Stephen G Grant and Victor G Vogel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:10

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In many mammals, the duration of the nocturnal melatonin elevation regulates seasonal changes in reproductive hormones such as luteinizing hormone (LH). Melatonin's effects on human reproductive endocrinology ...

    Authors: Daniel F Kripke, Lawrence E Kline, Farhad F Shadan, Arthur Dawson, J Steven Poceta and Jeffrey A Elliott

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:8

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Control programs for Reproductive Tract Infections (RTIs) typically focus on increasing awareness of risks associated with different forms of sexual contact, and pay little attention to how or why people may l...

    Authors: Lisa Scipioni Hernández, Peter J Winch, Kea Parker and Robert H Gilman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:7

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Female genital mutilation (FGM) is commonly practiced mainly in a belt reaching from East to West Africa north of the equator. The practice is known across socio-economic classes and among different ethnic, re...

    Authors: M Ellaithi, T Nilsson, D Gisselsson, A Elagib, H Eltigani and I Fadl-Elmula

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:6

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The risk of developing infection in diabetic patients is higher and urinary tract is the most common site for infection. Serious complications of urinary infection occur more commonly in diabetic patients. To ...

    Authors: Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Leila Sam, Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi, Mojtaba Salarifar, Ebrahim Kassaian and Saeedeh Forghani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:4

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Globally, cervical cancer primarily affects socially disadvantaged women. Five randomized trials were the foundation for adopting cisplatin-based chemotherapy during radiation as the standard of care for high-...

    Authors: Lucely Cetina, Lesbia Rivera, José Hinojosa, Adela Poitevin, Jesús Uribe, Carlos López-Graniel, David Cantú, Myrna Candelaria, Jaime de la Garza and Alfonso Dueñas-González

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:3

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