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  1. Content type: Report

    Differences exist in the prevalence and physical health impacts of problem substance use among men and women. These differences are also found in the mental health and trauma events related to substance use, b...

    Authors: Renée A Cormier, Colleen Anne Dell and Nancy Poole

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S8

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  2. Content type: Report

    While women are reported to be more frequent users of health services in Canada, differences in women's and men's health care utilization have not been fully explored. To provide an overview on women's healthc...

    Authors: Arminée Kazanjian, Denise Morettin and Robert Cho

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S33

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  3. Content type: Report

    There are differences in health practices and self-rated health among different socio-demographic groups of women. The relationship between socio-demographic status and a) a range of health behaviours and b) a...

    Authors: Heather Maclean, Keva Glynn, Zhenyuan Cao and Donna Ansara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S4

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  4. Content type: Report

    The average age of natural menopause in Western societies is estimated to be 51 years; women in Canada can therefore expect to live, on average, a third of their lives in post-menopausal years. During these ye...

    Authors: Angela M Cheung, Ruhee Chaudhry, Moira Kapral, Cynthia Jackevicius and Gail Robinson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S23

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  5. Content type: Report

    Cervical cancer is one of the most common malignant diseases of women; it is diagnosed in almost half a million women every year and half as many die from it annually. In Canada and other industrialized countr...

    Authors: Eliane Duarte-Franco and Eduardo L Franco

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S13

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  6. Content type: Report

    The association between a number of socio-economic determinants and health has been amply demonstrated in Canada and elsewhere. Over the past decades, women's increased labour force participation and changing ...

    Authors: Bilkis Vissandjee, Marie Desmeules, Zheynuan Cao and Shelly Abdool

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S34

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  7. Content type: Report

    This chapter investigates (1) the association between ethnicity and migration, as measured by length of residence in Canada, and two specific self-reported outcomes: (a) self-perceived health and (b) self-repo...

    Authors: Bilkis Vissandjee, Marie Desmeules, Zheynuan Cao, Shelly Abdool and Arminée Kazanjian

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S32

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  8. Content type: Report

    Exposure to violence as children or as adults places a woman at higher risk of poor health outcomes, both physical and psychological. Abused women use more health care services and have poorer social functioni...

    Authors: Marsha M Cohen and Heather Maclean

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S22

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  9. Content type: Report

    Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic health condition affecting 4.8% of Canadian adults ≥ 20 years of age. The prevalence increases with age. According to the National Diabetes Surveillance System (NDSS) (1998–...

    Authors: Catherine Kelly and Gillian L Booth

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S16

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  10. Content type: Report

    Research has consistently shown that while women generally live longer than men, they report more illness and use of health care services (including medication). In the literature, the reasons for women's elev...

    Authors: Jennifer Payne, Ineke Neutel, Robert Cho and Marie DesMeules

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S29

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  11. Content type: Report

    Overweight and obesity have been recognized as major public health concern in Canada and throughout the world. Lack of physical activity, through its impact on energy balance, has been identified as an importa...

    Authors: Shirley Bryan and Peter Walsh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S6

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  12. Content type: Report

    The epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in developed countries has changed from the early epidemic that affected primarily men who have sex with men, to...

    Authors: Marene Gatali and Chris Archibald

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S27

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  13. Content type: Report

    Contraception choices affect the long-term sexual health and fertility of women and men. Data from the 1998 Canadian Contraception Study and the 2000/2001 Canadian Community Health Survey were assessed for mea...

    Authors: Sharon McMahon, Lisa Hansen, Janice Mann, Cathy Sevigny, Thomas Wong and Marlene Roache

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S25

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  14. Content type: Report

    The discussion of health emphasizes the importance of analyses of social determinants of health. Social determinants permit the targeting of policies towards the social factors that impair or improve health. T...

    Authors: Vivienne Walters

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S2

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  15. Content type: Report

    Depression causes significant distress or impairment in physical, social, occupational and other key areas of functioning. Women are approximately twice as likely as men to experience depression. Psychosocial ...

    Authors: Donna E Stewart, Enza Gucciardi and Sherry L Grace

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S19

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  16. Content type: Report

    Eating disorders are an increasing public health problem among young women. Anorexia and bulimia may give rise to serious physical conditions such as hypothermia, hypotension, electrolyte imbalance, endocrine ...

    Authors: Enza Gucciardi, Nalan Celasun, Farah Ahmad and Donna E Stewart

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S21

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  17. Content type: Report

    Chronic pain is a major health problem associated with significant costs to both afflicted individuals and society as a whole. These costs seem to be disproportionately borne by women, who generally have highe...

    Authors: Marta Meana, Robert Cho and Marie DesMeules

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S17

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  18. Content type: Research article

    Common vaginal infections that manifest in women are usually easily diagnosed. However, Chlamydia infection is often asymptomatic, leading to infertility before it is detected. If it occurs in pregnancy, it co...

    Authors: Saad Ghazal-Aswad, Padmanabhan Badrinath, Nawal Osman, Samar Abdul-Khaliq, Shirley Mc Ilvenny and Islam Sidky

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4:3

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Chronic pelvic pain is a common condition with a major impact on health-related quality of life, work productivity and health care utilisation. The cause of the pain is not always obvious as no pathology is se...

    Authors:

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2003 3:6

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The Malaysian Ministry of Health promotes breast self-examination (BSE) for all women, and Pap smear screening every three years for all sexually active women ages 20 years and above. The objectives of this pa...

    Authors: HL Chee, S Rashidah, K Shamsuddin and O Intan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2003 3:3

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Ovarian antibodies as detected by indirect immunofluorescence have been used to detect ovarian autoimmunity, but to our knowledge the rate of false positive findings using this method has never been reported.

    Authors: Judy A Novosad, Sophia N Kalantaridou, Zhi-Bin Tong and Lawrence M Nelson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2003 3:2

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  22. Content type: Research article

    There is little existing research to guide researchers in estimating the minimum number of measurement occasions required to obtain reliable estimates of serum estrogens, progesterone, gonadotropins, sex hormo...

    Authors: Andrew E Williams, Gertraud Maskarinec, Adrian A Franke and Frank Z Stanczyk

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:13

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer can often be prevented by screening and may be curable if identified and treated in its early stages. However, 80% of new cases occur in less-developed countries where cervical cancer screening...

    Authors: Fidelma O'Mahony, Bob Bailey, Chris Koller, Collette Sheridan, Richard Steventon, Kalyan K Dhar and Richard B Johanson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:12

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Canadian hysterectomy rates have declined in recent years. However, hysterectomy rates for discretionary indications, principally abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), remain high in some regions. In northern Ontar...

    Authors: Simone N Vigod and Donna E Stewart

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:10

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a common problem that affects one in five women during the pre-menopausal years. It is frequently managed by family physicians, especially in northern, rural and isolated are...

    Authors: Simone N Vigod and Donna E Stewart

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:11

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was first, to investigate whether women starting oral contraceptive (OC) use at a young age and before first birth have an increased risk for breast cancer and second, to report difficult...

    Authors: Elina Hemminki, Tapio Luostarinen, Eero Pukkala, Dan Apter and Timo Hakulinen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:9

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Spontaneous premature ovarian failure presents most commonly with secondary amenorrhea. Young women with the disorder are infertile and experience the symptoms and sequelae of estrogen deficiency. The mechanis...

    Authors: Kyoko Shibanuma, Zhi-Bin Tong, Vien H Vanderhoof, Konstantina Vanevski and Lawrence M Nelson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:8

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  28. Content type: Research article

    This study assessed women and providers' satisfaction with a new evidence-based antenatal care (ANC) model within the WHO randomized trial conducted in four developing countries. The WHO study was a randomized...

    Authors: Ana Langer, José Villar, Mariana Romero, Gustavo Nigenda, Gilda Piaggio, Chusri Kuchaisit, Georgina Rojas, Muneera Al-Osimi, José Miguel Belizán, Ubaldo Farnot, Yagob Al-Mazrou, Guillermo Carroli, Hassan Ba'aqeel, Pisake Lumbiganon, Alain Pinol, Per Bergsjö…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:7

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to study the association of early age at menopause with pulse pressure (PP), a marker of arterial stiffness, and PP change.

    Authors: Riitta Luoto, A Richey Sharrett, Marsha Eigenbrodt and Donna Arnett

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:6

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Women's health, traditionally defined, emphasises reproductive and maternal conditions without consideration of social contexts. Advocates urge a broader conceptualisation. The medical literature influences th...

    Authors: Jocalyn P Clark, Georgina D Feldberg and Paula A Rochon

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:5

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Over 300 therapies have been proposed for premenstrual syndrome. To date there has been only one survey conducted in the UK of PMS treatments prescribed by GPs, a questionnaire-based study by the National Asso...

    Authors: Katrina M Wyatt, Paul W Dimmock, Martin Frischer, Paul W Jones and Shaugn PM O'Brien

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:4

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  32. Content type: Research article

    This study was designed to evaluate the effects of a 24-month period of moderate exercise on serum lipids in menopausal women.

    Authors: Hiroko Sugiura, Haruo Sugiura, Kazue Kajima, Seyed Mohammad Mirbod, Hirotoshi Iwata and Toshio Matsuoka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2002 2:3

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  33. Content type: Research article

    This investigation was undertaken to describe patient perception and awareness of the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common cause of anovulation/oligoovulation among women of reproductive age.

    Authors: E Scott Sills, Mark Perloe, Michael J Tucker, Carolyn R Kaplan, Marc Georges Genton and Glenn L Schattman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2001 1:3

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