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  1. Family planning counselling which covers knowledge transfer about contraceptive mode of action, by enabling informed choice, improves compliance to and efficiency of contraceptive methods.

    Authors: Pınar Topsever, Müge Filiz, Nihal Aladağ, Ruşen Topallı, Özlem Ciğerli and Süleyman Görpelioğlu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a prevalent and costly condition which may be treated surgically or by physical therapy. The aim of this review was to systematically assess the literature and present the ...

    Authors: Patricia B Neumann, Karen A Grimmer and Yamini Deenadayalan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Evidence-based screening guidelines are needed for women under 40 with a family history of breast cancer, a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, or other risk factors. An accurate assessment of breast cancer risk is required...

    Authors: Wendy S Rubinstein, Jean J Latimer, Jules H Sumkin, Michelle Huerbin, Stephen G Grant and Victor G Vogel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:10

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In many mammals, the duration of the nocturnal melatonin elevation regulates seasonal changes in reproductive hormones such as luteinizing hormone (LH). Melatonin's effects on human reproductive endocrinology ...

    Authors: Daniel F Kripke, Lawrence E Kline, Farhad F Shadan, Arthur Dawson, J Steven Poceta and Jeffrey A Elliott

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:8

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Control programs for Reproductive Tract Infections (RTIs) typically focus on increasing awareness of risks associated with different forms of sexual contact, and pay little attention to how or why people may l...

    Authors: Lisa Scipioni Hernández, Peter J Winch, Kea Parker and Robert H Gilman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is commonly practiced mainly in a belt reaching from East to West Africa north of the equator. The practice is known across socio-economic classes and among different ethnic, re...

    Authors: M Ellaithi, T Nilsson, D Gisselsson, A Elagib, H Eltigani and I Fadl-Elmula

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:6

    Content type: Case report

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  7. The risk of developing infection in diabetic patients is higher and urinary tract is the most common site for infection. Serious complications of urinary infection occur more commonly in diabetic patients. To ...

    Authors: Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Leila Sam, Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi, Mojtaba Salarifar, Ebrahim Kassaian and Saeedeh Forghani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:4

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Globally, cervical cancer primarily affects socially disadvantaged women. Five randomized trials were the foundation for adopting cisplatin-based chemotherapy during radiation as the standard of care for high-...

    Authors: Lucely Cetina, Lesbia Rivera, José Hinojosa, Adela Poitevin, Jesús Uribe, Carlos López-Graniel, David Cantú, Myrna Candelaria, Jaime de la Garza and Alfonso Dueñas-González

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:3

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cryotherapy is a safe, affordable, and effective method of treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. In some low-resource settings, environmental conditions or qualities of the refrigerant gas can lead...

    Authors: Yancy Seamans, John Sellors, Fredrik Broekhuizen and Michelle Howard

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:2

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  10. In humans, serotonin has typically been investigated as a neurotransmitter. However, serotonin also functions as a hormone across animal phyla, including those lacking an organized central nervous system. This...

    Authors: Leszek A Rybaczyk, Meredith J Bashaw, Dorothy R Pathak, Scott M Moody, Roger M Gilders and Donald L Holzschu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:12

    Content type: Debate

    Published on:

  11. This study assesses the consistency of responses among women regarding their beliefs about the mechanisms of actions of birth control methods, beliefs about when human life begins, the intention to use or not ...

    Authors: Huong M Dye, Joseph B Stanford, Stephen C Alder, Han S Kim and Patricia A Murphy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:11

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Detection of cytologic atypia in nipple aspirate fluid (NAF) has been shown to be a predictor of risk for development of breast carcinoma. Manual collection of NAF for cytologic evaluation varies widely in ter...

    Authors: Kerry AS Proctor, Leslie R Rowe and Joel S Bentz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:10

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Isoflavones are gaining popularity as alternatives to hormone replacement therapy. However, few guidelines exist to inform the public as to an appropriate dose. This case involves a postmenopausal woman who ex...

    Authors: Andrea M Hutchins, Imogene E McIver and Carol S Johnston

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:9

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Dysregulation of the human Transforming Acidic Coiled Coil (TACC) genes is thought to be important in the development and progression of multiple myeloma, breast and gastric cancer. Recent, large-scale genomic...

    Authors: Brenda Lauffart, Mary M Vaughan, Roger Eddy, David Chervinsky, Richard A DiCioccio, Jennifer D Black and Ivan H Still

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:8

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Many women have discontinued hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in view of recent findings. The goal of this study was to determine if HRT discontinuation is associated with changes in health-related quality of...

    Authors: Debra A Heller, Carol H Gold, Frank M Ahern, Kristine E Pringle, Theresa V Brown and Margaret R Glessner

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:7

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that racial differences in satisfaction can be found among OB/GYN patients on a US naval base.

    Authors: James E Rohrer, Jon D Lund and Susan Goldfarb

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:6

    Content type: Research article

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  17. A significant proportion of the health care administered to women in Latin American maternity hospitals during labor and delivery has been demonstrated to be ineffective or harmful, whereas effective intervent...

    Authors: Fernando Althabe, Pierre Buekens, Eduardo Bergel, José M Belizán, Nora Kropp, Linda Wright, Norman Goco and Nancy Moss

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:4

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  18. Few studies have examined the attitude of medical practitioners towards the availability of emergency contraception (EC) without prescription. In Indonesia, EC (either Yuzpe regimen or Postinor-2) is available...

    Authors: Dyna E Syahlul and Lisa H Amir

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:3

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Breast pain and tenderness affects 70% of women at some time. These symptoms have been attributed to stretching of the nerves with increase in breast size, but tissue mechanisms are poorly understood.

    Authors: Preethi Gopinath, Elaine Wan, Anita Holdcroft, Paul Facer, John B Davis, Graham D Smith, Chas Bountra and Praveen Anand

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:2

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Several researchers have claimed that classification of tumours on the basis of HER-2/neu overexpression or amplification may define a subset of breast cancer in which the net effect of a risk factor could be rat...

    Authors: Nikos Tsakountakis, Elias Sanidas, Efstathios Stathopoulos, Maria Kafousi, Nektaria Anogiannaki, Vasilis Georgoulias and Dimitris D Tsiftsis

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:1

    Content type: Research article

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  21. A cross sectional study was designed to survey the relationship between anxiety/depression and duration/cause of infertility, in Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Tehran, Iran.

    Authors: Fatemeh Ramezanzadeh, Malek Mansour Aghssa, Nasrin Abedinia, Farid Zayeri, Navid Khanafshar, Mamak Shariat and Mina Jafarabadi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4:9

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Premature Ovarian Failure (POF), defined as the development of hypergonadotropic amenorrhea before the age of 40 years, occurs in about 1% of all women. Other than karyotype abnormalities, very few genes are k...

    Authors: Anne Fogli, Fernande Gauthier-Barichard, Raphael Schiffmann, Vien H Vanderhoof, Vladimir K Bakalov, Lawrence M Nelson and Odile Boespflug-Tanguy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Elevated pregnancy estrogen levels are associated with increased risk of developing breast cancer in mothers. We studied whether pregnancy weight gain that has been linked to high circulating estrogen levels, ...

    Authors: Tarja I Kinnunen, Riitta Luoto, Mika Gissler, Elina Hemminki and Leena Hilakivi-Clarke

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4:7

    Content type: Research article

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  24. We have previously shown that use of an EC brush device in combination with the Rovers Cervex-Brush (SurePath broom) offered no significant improvement in EC recovery. Here we determine if use of additional co...

    Authors: Sarah J Day, Darla L O'Shaughnessy, Jason C O'Connor and Gregory G Freund

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4:6

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Canada's standard of perinatal care ranks among the highest in the world, but there is still room for improvement, both in terms of regional differences in care and global comparisons of approaches to care in ...

    Authors: Beverley Chalmers and Shi Wu Wen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S28

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  26. The incidence of bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is rising in Canada. If these curable infections were prevented and treated, serious long-term sequelae including infertility, and associated t...

    Authors: Thomas Wong, Ameeta Singh, Janice Mann, Lisa Hansen and Sharon McMahon

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S26

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  27. Much attention is devoted to women's reproductive health, but the formative and mature stages of women's sexual lives are often overlooked. We have analyzed cross-sectional data from the Sexual Behaviour modul...

    Authors: Lisa Hansen, Janice Mann, Sharon McMahon and Thomas Wong

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S24

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  28. Eating disorders are an increasing public health problem among young women. Anorexia and bulimia may give rise to serious physical conditions such as hypothermia, hypotension, electrolyte imbalance, endocrine ...

    Authors: Enza Gucciardi, Nalan Celasun, Farah Ahmad and Donna E Stewart

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S21

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  29. Dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) increases exponentially with age from the age of 65. The number of people with dementia will increase significantly over the next three decades as the population ag...

    Authors: Joan Lindsay and Lori Anderson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S20

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  30. Depression causes significant distress or impairment in physical, social, occupational and other key areas of functioning. Women are approximately twice as likely as men to experience depression. Psychosocial ...

    Authors: Donna E Stewart, Enza Gucciardi and Sherry L Grace

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S19

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  31. Arthritis is one of the most prevalent chronic conditions in Canada and a leading cause of long-term disability, pain, and increased health care utilization. It is also a far more prevalent condition among wom...

    Authors: Elizabeth M Badley and Naomi M Kasman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S18

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  32. Chronic pain is a major health problem associated with significant costs to both afflicted individuals and society as a whole. These costs seem to be disproportionately borne by women, who generally have highe...

    Authors: Marta Meana, Robert Cho and Marie DesMeules

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S17

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  33. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in Canadian women and men. In general, women present with a wider range of symptoms, are more likely to delay seeking medial care and are less likely ...

    Authors: Sherry L Grace, Rick Fry, Angela Cheung and Donna E Stewart

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S15

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  34. In Canada, cancers of the endometrium, ovaries, vulva, vagina, placenta and adnexa account for 11% of all malignant neoplasms in women and 81% of all genital cancers. Although the incidence and mortality from ...

    Authors: Eliane Duarte-Franco and Eduardo L Franco

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S14

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  35. Although lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths for Canadian women, breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed. About 5400 women are expected to die from this disease in 2003. In 1998, a woman's...

    Authors: Heather Bryant

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S12

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  36. Women are more frequently affected by chronic conditions and disability than men. Although some of these sex differences have been in part attributed to biological susceptibility, social determinants of health...

    Authors: Marie DesMeules, Linda Turner and Robert Cho

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S10

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  37. The sex differences in mortality, life expectancy, and, to a lesser extent, health expectancy, are well recognized in Canada and internationally. However, the factors explaining these differences between women...

    Authors: Marie DesMeules, Douglas Manuel and Robert Cho

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S9

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  38. Smoking among Canadian women is a serious public health issue. Using the 1998–99 National Population Health Survey, this study examined underlying factors contributing to differences in prevalence of smoking a...

    Authors: Susan Kirkland, Lorraine Greaves and Pratima Devichand

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  39. Body weight is of physical and psychological importance to Canadian women; it is associated with health status, physical activity, body image, and self-esteem. Although the problems associated with overweight ...

    Authors: Marion P Olmsted and Traci McFarlane

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S5

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  40. Research on the relationship between women's social roles and mental health has been equivocal. Although a greater number of roles often protect mental health, certain combinations can lead to strain. Our stud...

    Authors: Heather Maclean, Keva Glynn and Donna Ansara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S3

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1

  41. The discussion of health emphasizes the importance of analyses of social determinants of health. Social determinants permit the targeting of policies towards the social factors that impair or improve health. T...

    Authors: Vivienne Walters

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4(Suppl 1):S2

    Content type: Report

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 4 Supplement 1