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  1. The African Medical Research Foundation antiretroviral therapy program at the community health centre in Kibera counsels women to wait with pregnancy until they reach the acceptable level of 350 cells/ml CD4 c...

    Authors: Opondo Awiti Ujiji, Anna Mia Ekström, Festus Ilako, Dorcas Indalo and Birgitta Rubenson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:13

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Interventions other than medications in the management of osteoporosis are often overlooked. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of physical activity and calcium intake with bone param...

    Authors: Yannis Dionyssiotis, Ioanna Paspati, Georgios Trovas, Antonios Galanos and Georgios P Lyritis

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:12

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Since the mid-1990s, there have been growing efforts to prevent cervical cancer in less-developed countries through the development of innovative screening approaches such as visual inspection of the cervix as...

    Authors: Eric Chamot, Sibylle Kristensen, Jeffrey SA Stringer and Mulindi H Mwanahamuntu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:11

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Although empirical evidence is available on the coping-health link in older age, research on this topic is needed with non-clinical samples of ethnically diverse older women. To contribute to filling such a re...

    Authors: Luciana Laganà and Keren Zarankin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  5. There has been an increasing number of diagnosed cases of Chlamydia trachomatis in many countries, in particular among young people. The present study was based on a growing request to examine urine as a suppleme...

    Authors: Siren Haugland, Turid Thune, Beata Fosse, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Stig Ove Hjelmevoll and Helge Myrmel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:9

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Reproductive tract infections (RTI's) are endemic in developing countries and entail a heavy toll on women. If untreated, RTI's can lead to adverse health outcomes such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy and in...

    Authors: Kabiru A Rabiu, Adeniyi A Adewunmi, Fatimat M Akinlusi and Oluwarotimi I Akinola

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:8

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The present study describes Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use amongst Italian women transitioning through menopause. Popularity and perceived effectiveness of CAM treatments, use of pharmaceutic...

    Authors: Francesco Cardini, Grazia Lesi, Flavia Lombardo and Corinne van der Sluijs

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:7

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The continuing burden of maternal mortality, especially in developing countries has prompted a shift in paradigm from the traditional risk assessment approach to the provision of access to emergency obstetric ...

    Authors: Kayode T Ijadunola, Macellina Y Ijadunola, Olapeju A Esimai and Titilayo C Abiona

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:6

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Women's perceived control over condom use has been found to be an important determinant of actual condom use in some studies. However, many existing analyses used cross-sectional data and little quantitative i...

    Authors: Audrey Pettifor, Abigail Norris Turner, Teresa Swezey, Maria Khan, Mbolatiana SM Raharinivo, Bodo Randrianasolo, Ana Penman-Aguilar, Kathleen Van Damme, Denise J Jamieson and Frieda Behets

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:4

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is the leading cause of genital ulcer disease worldwide. The virus can be transmitted to neonates and there are scarce data regarding incidence of HSV-2 among women in pregn...

    Authors: Marshall W Munjoma, Edith N Kurewa, Munyaradzi P Mapingure, Grace V Mashavave, Mike Z Chirenje, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Akhtar Hussain and Babill Stray-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:2

    Content type: Research article

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  11. It is a well accepted status that socio-cultural characteristics may affect the onset of menopause and its characteristics. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence rates of menopausal symptoms a...

    Authors: Unal Ayranci, Ozgul Orsal, Ozlem Orsal, Gul Arslan and Dursun Figen Emeksiz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:1

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Iranian women, many of whom live in small cities, have limited access to mammography and clinical breast examinations. Thus, breast self examination (BSE) becomes an important and necessary approach to detecti...

    Authors: Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Laleh Hasani, Teamur Aghamolaei, Shahram Zare and David Gregory

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:37

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Multiple pregnancies are high risk pregnancies with higher chances of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. In the past decades the number of multiple pregnancies has increased. This trend is partly d...

    Authors: Alexandra J Bensdorp, Els Slappendel, Carolien Koks, Jur Oosterhuis, Annemieke Hoek, Peter Hompes, Frank Broekmans, Harold Verhoeve, Jan Peter de Bruin, Janne Meije van Weert, Maaike Traas, Jacques Maas, Nicole Beckers, Sjoerd Repping, Ben W Mol, Fulco van der Veen…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:35

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. Overdiagnosis (and overtreatment) of cancers not bound to become symptomatic during lifetime is an unavoidable drawback of mammography screening. The magnitude of overdiagnosis has been estimated to be in the ...

    Authors: Stefano Ciatto

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:34

    Content type: Commentary

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  15. Breast cancer in the Middle-East occurs in relatively young women and frequently presents as advanced disease. A protective effect of multiparity is not apparent, and high familial risk is reported in some cou...

    Authors: Runnak A Majid, Hazha A Mohammed, Heshu M Saeed, Banaz M Safar, Rekawt M Rashid and Michael D Hughson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:33

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Realizing the importance of regular physical activity, particularly in the prevention of chronic diseases and unhealthy weight gain, it is important to study how physical activity changes during and after preg...

    Authors: Katja Borodulin, Kelly R Evenson and Amy H Herring

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:32

    Content type: Research article

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  17. during adulthood, most studies have reported that oral contraceptive (OC) pills had neutral, or possibly beneficial effect on bone health. We proposed this study of pre and post menopausal women assessing BMD,...

    Authors: Fadoua Allali, Laila El Mansouri, Fatima zohra Abourazzak, Linda Ichchou, Hamza Khazzani, Loubna Bennani, Redouane Abouqal and Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Effective management of menopause is an important way to improve the quality of life of the increasing number of older women. The study sought to find out if Nigerian Gynaecologists offer effective treatment f...

    Authors: Peter O Nkwo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The transobturator tape procedure (TOT) is an effective surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. However data concerning safety are rare, follow-up is often less than two years, and complicati...

    Authors: Isabelle Kaelin-Gambirasio, Sandrine Jacob, Michel Boulvain, Jean-Bernard Dubuisson and Patrick Dällenbach

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The aim was to compare effectiveness of group versus individual sessions of physiotherapy in terms of symptoms, quality of life, and costs, and to investigate the effect of patient preference on uptake and out...

    Authors: SE Lamb, J Pepper, R Lall, EC Jørstad-Stein, MD Clark, L Hill and J Fereday-Smith

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The aim was to explore the concerns and expectations of women invited to attend group physiotherapy sessions for the management of female urinary incontinence and whether the experience changed their views; an...

    Authors: Frances Griffiths, Jo Pepper, Ellen C Jørstad-Stein, Jan Fereday Smith, Lesley Hill and Sarah (Sallie) E Lamb

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:25

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Stress urinary incontinence is a common condition affecting approximately 20% of adult women causing substantial individual (quality of life) and economic (119 million Euro/year spent on incontinence pads in t...

    Authors: Julien Labrie, Yolanda van der Graaf, Eric Buskens, Stella ESM Tiersma and Huub CH van der Vaart

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:24

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. The reproductive health status of China's low-income urban women is believed to be poor. Therefore, understanding their reproductive history and needs and improving services provision is very important. Howeve...

    Authors: Hong He, Truls Østbye and Anne K Daltveit

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:23

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common problem. In the Netherlands, yearly 64.000 new patients, of whom 96% are women, consult their general practitioner because of urinary incontinence. Approximately 7...

    Authors: Sanne AL van Leijsen, Kirsten B Kluivers, Ben Willem J Mol, Suzan R Broekhuis, Fred L Milani, C Huub van der Vaart, Jan-Paul WR Roovers, Marlies Y Bongers, Jan den Boon, Wilbert A Spaans, Jan Willem de Leeuw, Viviane Dietz, Jan H Kleinjan, Hans AM Brölmann, Eveline J Roos, Judith Schaafstra…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Ductal lavage (DL) has been proposed as a minimally-invasive, well-tolerated tool for obtaining breast epithelial cells for cytological evaluation of breast cancer risk. We report DL tolerability in BRCA1/2 mutat...

    Authors: Jennifer T Loud, Ellen Burke Beckjord, Kathryn Nichols, June Peters, Ruthann Giusti and Mark H Greene

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:20

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Studies conducted in Western countries have shown that bone loss associated with pregnancy and breast-feeding is recovered after weaning. However, it is not clear whether recovery takes place after repeated pr...

    Authors: Janaka Lenora, Sarath Lekamwasam and Magnus K Karlsson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:19

    Content type: Research article

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  27. For many women finding the right contraceptive method can be challenging and consistent and correct use over a lifetime is difficult. Even remembering to take a birth control pill every day can be a challenge....

    Authors: Pier Giorgio Crosignani, Carmine Nappi, Salvatore Ronsini, Vincenzina Bruni, Silvia Marelli and Davide Sonnino

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:18

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Evidences have showed that the incidence of arterial hypertension is greater in postmenopausal women as compared to premenopausal. Physical inactivity has been implicated as a major contributor to weight gain ...

    Authors: Pedro R Zaros, Carla EM Romero Pires, Mauricio Bacci Jr, Camila Moraes and Angelina Zanesco

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:17

    Content type: Research article

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  29. With the exception of sexual functioning and weight, social and behavioural effects of postmenopausal hormone therapy (HT) have not been reported from trials. This paper reports such results from the EPHT-tria...

    Authors: Elina Hemminki, Piret Veerus, Heti Pisarev, Sirpa-Liisa Hovi, Päivi Topo and Helle Karro

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:16

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Premature menopause is a major concern of younger women undergoing adjuvant therapy for breast cancer. Hormone replacement therapy is contraindicated in women with a history of breast cancer. Non-hormonal medi...

    Authors: Saskia FA Duijts, Hester SA Oldenburg, Marc van Beurden and Neil K Aaronson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. The risks/benefits balance of hormone replacement therapy is controversial. Information can influence consumers' knowledge and behavior; research findings about hormone replacement therapy are uncertain and th...

    Authors: Paola Mosconi, Serena Donati, Cinzia Colombo, Alfonso Mele, Alessandro Liberati and Roberto Satolli

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:14

    Content type: Correspondence

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  32. Menopausal health is important since this stage of life is not to be avoided. A recent article in BMC Women's Health from the Estonian Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy trial has concluded that quality of life is no...

    Authors: Riitta Luoto

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:13

    Content type: Commentary

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  33. Prenatal ultrasonography has remained a universal tool but little is known especially from developing countries on clients' reasons for desiring it. Then aim was to determine the reasons why pregnant women wil...

    Authors: Christopher A Enakpene, Imran O Morhason-Bello, Anthony O Marinho, Babatunde O Adedokun, Adegoke O Kalejaiye, Kayode Sogo, Sikiru A Gbadamosi, Babatunde S Awoyinka and Obehi O Enabor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:12

    Content type: Research article

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  34. In cosmetic and reconstructive breast surgery, measurement of patient-reported outcomes has become increasingly important to research efforts and clinical care. We aimed to describe how breast conditions and b...

    Authors: Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic, Amie Scott, Jennifer Klok and Stefan J Cano

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Elevated pregnancy hormone levels, such as oestrogen and progesterone, may increase the risk of developing breast cancer both in mothers and offspring. However, the reasons for large inter-individual variation...

    Authors: Marie Lof, Leena Hilakivi-Clarke, Sven Sandin S, Sonia de Assis, Wei Yu and Elisabete Weiderpass

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:10

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Vaginal hysterectomy is often used to correct uterovaginal prolapse, however, there is little information regarding outcomes after surgery in routine clinical practice. The objective of this study was to inves...

    Authors: Mojgan Pakbaz, Ingrid Mogren and Mats Löfgren

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Laboratory detection of Human papillomavirus (HPV), Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in liquid-based cervicovaginal cytology specimens is now based on identification of the DNA sequences unique to ...

    Authors: Sin Hang Lee, Veronica S Vigliotti and Suri Pappu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:8

    Content type: Research article

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  38. More women are requesting Emergency Hormonal Contraception (EHC) at pharmacies where screening for Chlamydia trachomatis is not routinely offered. The objective of this study was to assess the uptake of free post...

    Authors: Loretta Brabin, Grace Thomas, Mark Hopkins, Karen O'Brien and Stephen A Roberts

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:7

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The Northern California county of Marin (MC) has historically had high breast cancer incidence rates. Because of MC's high socioeconomic status (SES) and racial homogeneity (non-Hispanic White), it has been di...

    Authors: C Suzanne Lea, Nancy P Gordon, Lee Ann Prebil, Rochelle Ereman, Connie S Uratsu and Mark Powell

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Women requesting abortion are at increased risk of developing RTI complications. However, RTI control in many resource-poor countries including Vietnam have been faced with logistical and methodological proble...

    Authors: Nguyn M Hng, Jørgen Kurtzhals, Th Thu Thy and Vibeke Rasch

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:1

    Content type: Research article

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