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  1. Emergency contraception (EC) is widely available free of charge at public sector clinics in South Africa. At the same time, rates of teenage and unintended pregnancy in South Africa remain high, and there are ...

    Authors: Landon Myer, Regina Mlobeli, Di Cooper, Jennifer Smit and Chelsea Morroni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:14

    Content type: Research article

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  2. January 1, 2002, copayment for outpatient female sterilization in Norwegian public hospitals increased from 33 euros to 750 euros after a revision of the health care system. The aim of the present study was to...

    Authors: Inger J Bakken, Finn E Skjeldestad, Unni Schøyen and Marit G Husby

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:12

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Informed consent in family planning includes knowledge of mechanism of action. Some methods of family planning occasionally work after fertilization. Knowing about postfertilization effects may be important to...

    Authors: Jokin de Irala, Cristina Lopez del Burgo, Carmen M Lopez de Fez, Jorge Arredondo, Rafael T Mikolajczyk and Joseph B Stanford

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:10

    Content type: Research article

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  4. This paper reports the findings of an exploratory study about the information women diagnosed with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) want to know about their condition and the consequences of this information...

    Authors: Jodie C Avery and Annette J Braunack-Mayer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:9

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Heavy menstrual bleeding is a common symptom amongst women of reproductive age, yet questions remain about why some women experience this as a problem while others do not. We investigated the concerns of women...

    Authors: Miriam Santer, Sally Wyke and Pamela Warner

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:8

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Lack of knowledge regarding preventive health services for women might impede campaigns to expand these services in the emergency department setting. For 18–55-year-old English-speaking women visiting an urban...

    Authors: Roland C Merchant, Erin M Gee, Beth C Bock, Bruce M Becker and Melissa A Clark

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:7

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Limited data are available regarding the cost-effectiveness of preventative therapies for postmenopausal women with osteopenia. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of ralo...

    Authors: Eric S Meadows, Robert Klein, Matthew D Rousculp, Lee Smolen, Robert L Ohsfeldt and Joseph A Johnston

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:6

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Uterine fibroids or leiomyoma are a common benign smooth muscle tumor. The tumor growth is well known to be estrogen-dependent. However, the molecular mechanisms of its estrogen-dependency is not well understood.

    Authors: Tao Wei, Andrew G Geiser, Hui-Rong Qian, Chen Su, Leah M Helvering, Nalini H Kulkarini, Jianyong Shou, Mathias N'Cho, Henry U Bryant and Jude E Onyia

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:5

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The purpose of this research was to explore women's decision-making experiences related to the option of risk-reducing mastectomy (RM), using a case series of three women who are carriers of a BRCA1/2 gene mutati...

    Authors: Mary McCullum, Joan L Bottorff, Mary Kelly, Stephanie A Kieffer and Lynda G Balneaves

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:3

    Content type: Research article

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  10. At the time of feasibility work and final design of the trial there was no randomised control trial evidence for the long-term risks and benefits of hormone replacement therapy. Observational studies had sugge...

    Authors: Madge R Vickers, Jeannett Martin and Tom W Meade

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2007 7:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. The pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) diagnosis is mostly based on clinical findings. However, few studies have examined the clinical basis for the diagnostics of PID, which was the aim of this study.

    Authors: Jan Eggert, Kristina Sundquist, Caroline van Vuuren and Aino Fianu-Jonasson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:16

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The search for biologic endpoints and biomarkers in the study of breast cancer risk assessment and risk reduction strategies has led to an interest in obtaining cytologic information and other biomarkers from ...

    Authors: Kimberly A Baltzell, Margaret Wrensch and Jennette D Sison

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:15

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Tamoxifen, a selective estrogen receptor modulator with both estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activity, is widely used as adjuvant therapy in breast cancer patients. Treatment with tamoxifen is associated with s...

    Authors: Noel N Kim, Miljan Stankovic, Abdullah Armagan, Tulay T Cushman, Irwin Goldstein and Abdulmaged M Traish

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:14

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Previous epidemiological studies have inconsistently shown a modestly increased breast cancer risk associated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Limited information is available about different formulatio...

    Authors: Juergen C Dinger, Lothar AJ Heinemann, Sabine Möhner, Do Minh Thai and Anita Assmann

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:13

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Family planning counselling which covers knowledge transfer about contraceptive mode of action, by enabling informed choice, improves compliance to and efficiency of contraceptive methods.

    Authors: Pınar Topsever, Müge Filiz, Nihal Aladağ, Ruşen Topallı, Özlem Ciğerli and Süleyman Görpelioğlu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:12

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a prevalent and costly condition which may be treated surgically or by physical therapy. The aim of this review was to systematically assess the literature and present the ...

    Authors: Patricia B Neumann, Karen A Grimmer and Yamini Deenadayalan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:11

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Evidence-based screening guidelines are needed for women under 40 with a family history of breast cancer, a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, or other risk factors. An accurate assessment of breast cancer risk is required...

    Authors: Wendy S Rubinstein, Jean J Latimer, Jules H Sumkin, Michelle Huerbin, Stephen G Grant and Victor G Vogel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:10

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In many mammals, the duration of the nocturnal melatonin elevation regulates seasonal changes in reproductive hormones such as luteinizing hormone (LH). Melatonin's effects on human reproductive endocrinology ...

    Authors: Daniel F Kripke, Lawrence E Kline, Farhad F Shadan, Arthur Dawson, J Steven Poceta and Jeffrey A Elliott

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:8

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Control programs for Reproductive Tract Infections (RTIs) typically focus on increasing awareness of risks associated with different forms of sexual contact, and pay little attention to how or why people may l...

    Authors: Lisa Scipioni Hernández, Peter J Winch, Kea Parker and Robert H Gilman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:7

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is commonly practiced mainly in a belt reaching from East to West Africa north of the equator. The practice is known across socio-economic classes and among different ethnic, re...

    Authors: M Ellaithi, T Nilsson, D Gisselsson, A Elagib, H Eltigani and I Fadl-Elmula

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:6

    Content type: Case report

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  21. The risk of developing infection in diabetic patients is higher and urinary tract is the most common site for infection. Serious complications of urinary infection occur more commonly in diabetic patients. To ...

    Authors: Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Leila Sam, Seyed Hesameddin Abbasi, Mojtaba Salarifar, Ebrahim Kassaian and Saeedeh Forghani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:4

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Globally, cervical cancer primarily affects socially disadvantaged women. Five randomized trials were the foundation for adopting cisplatin-based chemotherapy during radiation as the standard of care for high-...

    Authors: Lucely Cetina, Lesbia Rivera, José Hinojosa, Adela Poitevin, Jesús Uribe, Carlos López-Graniel, David Cantú, Myrna Candelaria, Jaime de la Garza and Alfonso Dueñas-González

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:3

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Cryotherapy is a safe, affordable, and effective method of treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. In some low-resource settings, environmental conditions or qualities of the refrigerant gas can lead...

    Authors: Yancy Seamans, John Sellors, Fredrik Broekhuizen and Michelle Howard

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2006 6:2

    Content type: Technical advance

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  24. In humans, serotonin has typically been investigated as a neurotransmitter. However, serotonin also functions as a hormone across animal phyla, including those lacking an organized central nervous system. This...

    Authors: Leszek A Rybaczyk, Meredith J Bashaw, Dorothy R Pathak, Scott M Moody, Roger M Gilders and Donald L Holzschu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:12

    Content type: Debate

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  25. This study assesses the consistency of responses among women regarding their beliefs about the mechanisms of actions of birth control methods, beliefs about when human life begins, the intention to use or not ...

    Authors: Huong M Dye, Joseph B Stanford, Stephen C Alder, Han S Kim and Patricia A Murphy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:11

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Detection of cytologic atypia in nipple aspirate fluid (NAF) has been shown to be a predictor of risk for development of breast carcinoma. Manual collection of NAF for cytologic evaluation varies widely in ter...

    Authors: Kerry AS Proctor, Leslie R Rowe and Joel S Bentz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:10

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Isoflavones are gaining popularity as alternatives to hormone replacement therapy. However, few guidelines exist to inform the public as to an appropriate dose. This case involves a postmenopausal woman who ex...

    Authors: Andrea M Hutchins, Imogene E McIver and Carol S Johnston

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:9

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Dysregulation of the human Transforming Acidic Coiled Coil (TACC) genes is thought to be important in the development and progression of multiple myeloma, breast and gastric cancer. Recent, large-scale genomic...

    Authors: Brenda Lauffart, Mary M Vaughan, Roger Eddy, David Chervinsky, Richard A DiCioccio, Jennifer D Black and Ivan H Still

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:8

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Many women have discontinued hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in view of recent findings. The goal of this study was to determine if HRT discontinuation is associated with changes in health-related quality of...

    Authors: Debra A Heller, Carol H Gold, Frank M Ahern, Kristine E Pringle, Theresa V Brown and Margaret R Glessner

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:7

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that racial differences in satisfaction can be found among OB/GYN patients on a US naval base.

    Authors: James E Rohrer, Jon D Lund and Susan Goldfarb

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:6

    Content type: Research article

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  31. A significant proportion of the health care administered to women in Latin American maternity hospitals during labor and delivery has been demonstrated to be ineffective or harmful, whereas effective intervent...

    Authors: Fernando Althabe, Pierre Buekens, Eduardo Bergel, José M Belizán, Nora Kropp, Linda Wright, Norman Goco and Nancy Moss

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:4

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Few studies have examined the attitude of medical practitioners towards the availability of emergency contraception (EC) without prescription. In Indonesia, EC (either Yuzpe regimen or Postinor-2) is available...

    Authors: Dyna E Syahlul and Lisa H Amir

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:3

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Breast pain and tenderness affects 70% of women at some time. These symptoms have been attributed to stretching of the nerves with increase in breast size, but tissue mechanisms are poorly understood.

    Authors: Preethi Gopinath, Elaine Wan, Anita Holdcroft, Paul Facer, John B Davis, Graham D Smith, Chas Bountra and Praveen Anand

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:2

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Several researchers have claimed that classification of tumours on the basis of HER-2/neu overexpression or amplification may define a subset of breast cancer in which the net effect of a risk factor could be rat...

    Authors: Nikos Tsakountakis, Elias Sanidas, Efstathios Stathopoulos, Maria Kafousi, Nektaria Anogiannaki, Vasilis Georgoulias and Dimitris D Tsiftsis

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2005 5:1

    Content type: Research article

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  35. A cross sectional study was designed to survey the relationship between anxiety/depression and duration/cause of infertility, in Vali-e-Asr Reproductive Health Research Center, Tehran, Iran.

    Authors: Fatemeh Ramezanzadeh, Malek Mansour Aghssa, Nasrin Abedinia, Farid Zayeri, Navid Khanafshar, Mamak Shariat and Mina Jafarabadi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4:9

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Premature Ovarian Failure (POF), defined as the development of hypergonadotropic amenorrhea before the age of 40 years, occurs in about 1% of all women. Other than karyotype abnormalities, very few genes are k...

    Authors: Anne Fogli, Fernande Gauthier-Barichard, Raphael Schiffmann, Vien H Vanderhoof, Vladimir K Bakalov, Lawrence M Nelson and Odile Boespflug-Tanguy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4:8

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Elevated pregnancy estrogen levels are associated with increased risk of developing breast cancer in mothers. We studied whether pregnancy weight gain that has been linked to high circulating estrogen levels, ...

    Authors: Tarja I Kinnunen, Riitta Luoto, Mika Gissler, Elina Hemminki and Leena Hilakivi-Clarke

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4:7

    Content type: Research article

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  38. We have previously shown that use of an EC brush device in combination with the Rovers Cervex-Brush (SurePath broom) offered no significant improvement in EC recovery. Here we determine if use of additional co...

    Authors: Sarah J Day, Darla L O'Shaughnessy, Jason C O'Connor and Gregory G Freund

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2004 4:6

    Content type: Research article

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