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  1. Considering the fact that a significant proportion of high-risk pregnancies are currently referred to tertiary level hospitals; and that a large proportion of low obstetric risk women still seek care in these ...

    Authors: Roxana Behruzi, Marie Hatem, Lise Goulet and William Fraser

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:53

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Indonesia has the fourth largest population in the world. Few studies have identified the risk factors of Indonesian women for domestic violence. Such research will be useful for the development of prevention ...

    Authors: Elli N Hayati, Ulf Högberg, Mohammad Hakimi, Mary C Ellsberg and Maria Emmelin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:52

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Previous studies have associated chronic pelvic pain with a stereotyped pattern of movement and posture, lack of normal body sensations, a characteristic pain distribution. We aimed at evaluating if these post...

    Authors: Carolina W Kaercher, Vanessa K Genro, Carlos A Souza, Mariane Alfonsin, Greice Berton and João S Cunha Filho

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:51

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem in Africa and worldwide. HIV infected women face increased IPV risk. We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with IPV among HIV infect...

    Authors: Michael O Osinde, Dan K Kaye and Othman Kakaire

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:50

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Despite the increased attention on maternal mortality during recent decades, which has resulted in maternal health being defined as a Millennium Development Goal (MDG), the disability and suffering from obstet...

    Authors: Lilian T Mselle, Karen Marie Moland, Bjørg Evjen-Olsen, Abu Mvungi and Thecla W Kohi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:49

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a silent disorder with a huge impact on women's quality of life. There is limited data from community-based studies conducted to determine the prevalence of POP as its assessment...

    Authors: Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Somayeh Hashemi, Masoumeh Simbar and Niloofar Shiva

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:48

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Childlessness among Australian women is increasing. Despite this, little is known about the physical and mental health and wellbeing of childless women, particularly during the reproductive years. The aims of ...

    Authors: Melissa L Graham, Erin Hill, Julia M Shelley and Ann R Taket

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:47

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Successful priority setting is increasingly known to be an important aspect in achieving better family planning, maternal, newborn and child health (FMNCH) outcomes in developing countries. However, far too li...

    Authors: Dereck Chitama, Rob Baltussen, Evert Ketting, Switbert Kamazima, Anna Nswilla and Phares GM Mujinja

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:46

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Prognostic markers and molecular breast cancer subtypes reflect underlying biological tumor behavior and are important for patient management. Compared to Western countries, women in North Africa are less like...

    Authors: Bodour Salhia, Coya Tapia, Elia A Ishak, Salwa Gaber, Bree Berghuis, Khateeb H Hussain, Rachelle A DuQuette, James Resau and John Carpten

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:44

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The attendance rate in Estonian cervical cancer screening programme is too low therefore the programme is hardly effective. A cross-sectional population based survey was performed to identify awareness of cerv...

    Authors: Alice Kivistik, Katrin Lang, Paolo Baili, Ahti Anttila and Piret Veerus

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:43

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Heterosexual contact is the most common mode of transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Nepal and it is largely linked to sex work. We assessed th...

    Authors: Laxmi Ghimire, W Cairns S Smith, Edwin R van Teijlingen, Rashmi Dahal and Nagendra P Luitel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:42

    Content type: Research article

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  12. There is a desperate need to address diet-related chronic diseases in Mexican-origin women, particularly for those in border region colonias (Mexican settlements) and other new destination communities in rural an...

    Authors: Cassandra M Johnson, Joseph R Sharkey and Wesley R Dean

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:41

    Content type: Research article

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  13. While there is extensive literature evaluating the impact of phytoestrogen consumption on breast cancer risk, its role on ovarian cancer has received little attention.

    Authors: Elisa V Bandera, Melony King, Urmila Chandran, Lisa E Paddock, Lorna Rodriguez-Rodriguez and Sara H Olson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:40

    Content type: Research article

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  14. BRCA mutation carriers have a 40-80% life-time risk of developing breast cancer. They may opt for yearly breast cancer surveillance or for prophylactic mastectomy. Both options show increased survival rates. It ...

    Authors: Annemiek Visser, Judith B Prins, Nicoline Hoogerbrugge and Hanneke WM van Laarhoven

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:39

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. We examined the feasibility of providing web-based mental health services, including synchronous internet video conferencing of an evidence-based support/education group, to at-risk women, specifically poor lo...

    Authors: Ellen L Lipman, Meghan Kenny and Elsa Marziali

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:38

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Preconception and pregnancy dietary intakes can influence the health of future generations. In this study we compared the food intakes of reproductive-aged women by pregnancy status, to current Australian reco...

    Authors: Michelle L Blumfield, Alexis J Hure, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks, Amanda J Patterson, Roger Smith and Clare E Collins

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:37

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Information concerning lipid disturbances in HIV-infected women on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is scarce. The objective of the study is to describe the lipid profile in a large cohort of HIV-infected women on...

    Authors: Vicente Estrada, Paloma Geijo, Manuel Fuentes-Ferrer, María Luisa García Alcalde, María Rodrigo, María José Galindo, Agustín Muñoz, Pere Domingo, Esteve Ribera, Jaime Cosín, Pompeyo Viciana, Fernando Lozano, Alberto Terrón, Antonio Vergara, Ramón Teira, Josefa Muñoz-Sánchez…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:36

    Content type: Research article

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  18. There is little published research investigating sex work in Namibia, particularly in rural areas. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to determine the views of women engaged in sex work in the Oshakati area ...

    Authors: Alanna Fitzgerald-Husek, Alexandra LC Martiniuk, Reece Hinchcliff, Christine E Aochamus and Richard B Lee

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:35

    Content type: Research article

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  19. We recently completed a randomized clinical trial of two minimally invasive surgical procedures for stress urinary incontinence, the retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) versus the trans-obturator tape (...

    Authors: Sue Ross, Magali Robert, Doug Lier, Misha Eliasziw and Philip Jacobs

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:34

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. A couple's decision to undergo an invasive test based on a screening test result is a process associated with anxiety. The aim of this study was to determine whether anxiety and prenatal attachment were affect...

    Authors: Sara J Allison, Julie Stafford and Dilly OC Anumba

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:33

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Secondary infertility is a common, preventable but neglected reproductive health problem in resource-poor countries. This study examines the association of past sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including...

    Authors: Nathalie Dhont, Stanley Luchters, Claude Muvunyi, Joseph Vyankandondera, Ludwig De Naeyer, Marleen Temmerman and Janneke van de Wijgert

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:32

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among women suffering from gynaecological malignancies in the Western world. Worldwide, approximately 200,000 women are diagnosed with the disease each year. This a...

    Authors: Lene Seibaek, Lone K Petersen, Jan Blaakaer and Lise Hounsgaard

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:31

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Majority of Nepalese women live in remote rural areas, where health services are not easily accessible. We determined the validity of Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) as a screening tool for identification of wome...

    Authors: Neena Chuni and Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:30

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This exploratory prospective study evaluated women's responses to questions that asked them to describe how their body image and sexual functioning had changed since their breast cancer diagnosis to treatment.

    Authors: Yassir Sbitti, Habiba Kadiri, Ismail Essaidi, Zouhour Fadoukhair, Soussane Kharmoun, Khaoula Slimani, Nabil Ismaili, Mohammed Ichou and Hassan Errihani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:29

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The risk for amenorrhea following treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with low-dose intravenous cyclophosphamide (IVCY) has not been fully explored. Our objective was to ascertain the inci...

    Authors: Sayumi Baba, Yasuhiro Katsumata, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Takahisa Gono, Tomoko Sugiura, Tokiko Kanno, Masako Hara and Hisashi Yamanaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:28

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy (BHRT) is believed it to be a safer and equally effective alternative to Conventional Hormone Therapy for the relief of menopausal symptoms; however, data are needed to...

    Authors: Andres D Ruiz, Kelly R Daniels, Jamie C Barner, John J Carson and Christopher R Frei

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:27

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Population variation in the duration and amount of menstrual bleeding has received little attention in the literature. This study describes these characteristics and investigates the distribution of self-perce...

    Authors: Iná S Santos, Gicele C Minten, Neiva CJ Valle, Giovana C Tuerlinckx, Alessandra B Silva, Guilherme AR Pereira and Joaquim F Carriconde

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:26

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Clinically significant premenstrual symptoms are common among young women. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is characterized by emotional, behavioural and physical symptoms that consistently occur during the luteal...

    Authors: Sanna Mustaniemi, Marika Sipola-Leppänen, Petteri Hovi, Uriel Halbreich, Marja Vääräsmäki, Katri Räikkönen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Kati Heinonen, Anna-Liisa Järvenpää, Johan G Eriksson, Sture Andersson and Eero Kajantie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:25

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The prevalence, morbidity, and mortality of inflammatory lung diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis (CF) are increasing in women. There is a dearth of data o...

    Authors: Anthony Tam, Don Morrish, Samuel Wadsworth, Delbert Dorscheid, SF Paul Man and Don D Sin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:24

    Content type: Review

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  30. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a condition affecting more than half of the women above age 40. The estimated lifetime risk of needing surgical management for POP is 11%.

    Authors: Kim JB Notten, Mirjam Weemhoff, Kirsten B Kluivers, Karlijn J Schweitzer, Femke Mulder, Jaap Stoker, Regina GH Beets-Tan, Jurgen J Futterer, Roy FA Vliegen, Johannes LH Evers, Gerold Link, Martin GM Bergmans, Paul HNM Kampschöer, Ed TCM Gondrie, Iris van Gestel, Ivo van Dooren…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Few studies have examined the associated factors of antepartum depressive and anxiety symptoms (ADS and AAS) in low-income countries, yet the World Health Organization identifies depressive disorders as the se...

    Authors: Hashima E Nasreen, Zarina N Kabir, Yvonne Forsell and Maigun Edhborg

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:22

    Content type: Research article

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  32. With the development of medical technology, many countries around the world have been implementing ethical guidelines and laws regarding Medically Assisted Reproduction (MAR). A physician's reproductive decisi...

    Authors: Suzana Záchia, Daniela Knauth, José R Goldim, Juliana R Chachamovich, Eduardo Chachamovich, Ana H Paz, Ricardo Felberbaum, PierGiorgio Crosignani, Basil C Tarlatzis and Eduardo P Passos

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:21

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Disparities in cervical cancer screening are known to exist in Ontario, Canada for foreign-born women. The relative importance of various barriers to screening may vary across ethnic groups. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Aisha K Lofters, Rahim Moineddin, Stephen W Hwang and Richard H Glazier

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:20

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Studies conducted around the world consistently show the existence of violence against women. Despite the increasing number of studies being conducted on violence against young married women elsewhere, this su...

    Authors: Prabhat Lamichhane, Mahesh Puri, Jyotsna Tamang and Bishnu Dulal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:19

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Extensive information on cervical cancer is currently available. Its effectiveness in reducing anxiety in women receiving abnormal Pap tests is not clear. We investigated current practices of communicating abn...

    Authors: Joseph Monsonego, Javier Cortes, Daniel Pereira da Silva, Anna Francisca Jorge and Patrick Klein

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:18

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Lactobacillus species are the most often found inhabitants of vaginal ecosystem of fertile women. In postmenopausal women with low oestrogen levels, Lactobacillus flora is diminishing or absent. However, no stud...

    Authors: Rita J Gustafsson, Siv Ahrné, Bengt Jeppsson, Cecilia Benoni, Crister Olsson, Martin Stjernquist and Bodil Ohlsson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:17

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Smoking rates among women are currently low, but they are the fastest growing segment of cigarette smoking population in developing countries. We aimed to assess the knowledge and perceptions towards smoking a...

    Authors: Seema Bhanji, Marie Andrades, Fawad Taj and Ali K Khuwaja

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:16

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is important in normal growth, development, and homeostasis. Current use of oral contraceptives (OC) decreases IGF-1 concentrations; however, the effect of past use, age/ti...

    Authors: Kristina M Blackmore, Jody Wong and Julia A Knight

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:15

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Endometriosis is a common benign condition, which is characterized by the growth of endometrial-like tissue in ectopic sites outside the uterus. Laparoscopic excision of the disease is frequently carried out f...

    Authors: Wee-Liak Hoo, Ertan Saridogan, Alfred Cutner, George Pandis and Davor Jurkovic

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  40. Intimate partner violence against women is a prevailing public health problem in Tanzania, where four of ten women have a lifetime exposure to physical or sexual violence by their male partners. To be able to ...

    Authors: Rose M Laisser, Lennarth Nyström, Helen I Lugina and Maria Emmelin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:13

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The role of episiotomy as a protective factor against pelvic floor disorders postpartum has been debated for many years, but its routine use has been hitherto discouraged in the literature. Comparisons between...

    Authors: Serena Bertozzi, Ambrogio P Londero, Arrigo Fruscalzo, Lorenza Driul, Cristina Delneri, Angelo Calcagno, Paolo Di Benedetto and Diego Marchesoni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:12

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The last comprehensive investigation of women's experience of the colposcopy service in the UK was conducted in the 1980's. It highlighted women's anxiety and lack of information, resulting in recommendations ...

    Authors: Dawn R Swancutt, Sheila M Greenfield, David M Luesley and Sue Wilson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:11

    Content type: Research article

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  43. For low income and uninsured populations, safety net clinics are an important source of health care, including preventive services such as mammography screening. However, little is known about how well breast ...

    Authors: Richard C Palmer, Raquel Samson, Anamica Batra, Maria Triantis and Irene D Mullan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:9

    Content type: Research article

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  44. In obstetrics and gynaecology there has been a rapid growth in the development of new tests and primary studies of their accuracy. It is imperative that such studies are reported with transparency allowing the...

    Authors: Tara J Selman, R Katie Morris, Javier Zamora and Khalid S Khan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:8

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Obstetrics and gynaecology have seen rapid growth in the development of new tests with research on these tests presented as diagnostic accuracy studies. To avoid errors in judgement it is important that the me...

    Authors: Rachel K Morris, Tara J Selman, Javier Zamora and Khalid S Khan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:7

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Climacteric stage women experience significant biological, psychological and social changes. With demographic changes being observed in the growing number of climacteric stage women in Mexico, it is important ...

    Authors: Svetlana V Doubova, Patricia Espinosa-Alarcón, Sergio Flores-Hernández, Claudia Infante and Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:6

    Content type: Study protocol

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  47. More than 30% of the pregnancies in women aged 35 and over are unintended. This paper compares perceptions about contraceptive methods and use among women with and without an unintended pregnancy after turning...

    Authors: Emily M Godfrey, Nancy P Chin, Stephen L Fielding, Kevin Fiscella and Ann Dozier

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:5

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Pelvic organ prolapse is a common health problem, affecting up to 40% of parous women over 50 years old, with significant negative influence on quality of life. Vaginal hysterectomy is currently the leading tr...

    Authors: Renée J Detollenaere, Jan den Boon, Jelle Stekelenburg, Akeel HH Alhafidh, Robert A Hakvoort, Mark E Vierhout and Hugo WF van Eijndhoven

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:4

    Content type: Study protocol

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