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  1. The tobacco control community assumes that the most effective interventions are personalized. Nevertheless, little attention is paid to understanding differences between pregnant and non-pregnant European wome...

    Authors: Alessandra Buja, Emanuela Guarnieri, Giovanni Forza, Federica Tognazzo, Paolo Sandonà and Alessandra Zampieron

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:3

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Colposcopy is an essential part of the National Health Service Cervical Screening Programme (NHSCSP). It is used for both diagnosis and treatment of pre-cancerous cells of the cervix.

    Authors: Sarah M Flanagan, Sue Wilson, David Luesley, Sarah L Damery and Sheila M Greenfield

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Neutrophil elastase level/activity is elevated in a variety of diseases such as atherosclerosis, systolic hypertension and obstructive pulmonary disease. It is unknown whether obese individuals with prehyperte...

    Authors: Mervat M El-Eshmawy, Eman H El-Adawy, Amany A Mousa, Amany E Zeidan, Azza A El-Baiomy, Elham R Abdel-Samie and Omayma M Saleh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:1

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The success of HPV vaccination programs will require awareness regarding HPV associated diseases and the benefits of HPV vaccination for the general population. The aim of this study was to assess the level of...

    Authors: Cristina H Rama, Luisa L Villa, Sonia Pagliusi, Maria A Andreoli, Maria C Costa, Aline L Aoki, Adhemar Longatto-Filho and José Eluf-Neto

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:35

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Mortality from breast cancer has increased among American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) women. Despite this alarming reality, AI/AN women have some of the lowest breast cancer screening rates. Only 37% of elig...

    Authors: Kimberly K Engelman, Christine M Daley, Byron J Gajewski, Florence Ndikum-Moffor, Babalola Faseru, Stacy Braiuca, Stephanie Joseph, Edward F Ellerbeck and K Allen Greiner

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:34

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. The link between poverty and adverse maternal outcomes has been studied largely by means of quantitative data. We explore poor urban Kenyan women's views and lived experiences of the relationship between econo...

    Authors: Chimaraoke O Izugbara and David P Ngilangwa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:33

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In The Netherlands the largest human Q fever outbreak ever reported in the literature is currently ongoing with more than 2300 notified cases in 2009. Pregnant women are particularly at risk as Q fever during ...

    Authors: Janna M Munster, Alexander CAP Leenders, Wim van der Hoek, Peter M Schneeberger, Ariene Rietveld, Josien Riphagen-Dalhuisen, Ronald P Stolk, Carl JCM Hamilton, Esther de Vries, Jamie Meekelenkamp, Jerome R Lo-Ten-Foe, Albertus Timmer, Lolkje TW De Jong - van den Berg, Jan G Aarnoudse and Eelko Hak

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:32

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Sexual coercion is an important public health issue due to its negative association with social and health outcomes. The paper aims to examine the prevalence of sexual coercion perpetrated by husbands on their...

    Authors: Ramesh Adhikari and Jyotsna Tamang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:31

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Migraine, a common chronic-intermittent disorder of idiopathic origin characterized by severe debilitating headaches and autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and placental abruption, the premature separation ...

    Authors: Sixto E Sanchez, Michelle A Williams, Percy N Pacora, Cande V Ananth, Chungfang Qiu, Sheena K Aurora and Tanya K Sorensen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:30

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Despite CDC recommendations regarding universal catch-up vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV), only about ten percent of young adult women in the United States have been vaccinated. The purpose of th...

    Authors: Gregory D Zimet, Thomas W Weiss, Susan L Rosenthal, Margaret B Good and Michelle D Vichnin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:27

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Adherence to anti-osteoporosis treatments is poor, exposing treated women to increased fracture risk. Determinants of poor adherence are poorly understood. The study aims to determine physician- and patient- r...

    Authors: Dominique Huas, Françoise Debiais, Francis Blotman, Bernard Cortet, Florence Mercier, Chantal Rousseaux, Véronique Berger, Anne-Françoise Gaudin and François-Emery Cotté

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:26

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Several studies have observed an inverse relationship between osteoporosis and spinal osteoarthritis, the latter being considered as possibly delaying the development of osteoporosis. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Linda Ichchou, Fadoua Allali, Samira Rostom, Loubna Bennani, Ihsane Hmamouchi, Fatima Z Abourazzak, Hamza Khazzani, Laila El Mansouri, Redouane Abouqal and Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:25

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Women who are notified they carry a BRCA1/2 mutation are presented with surgical options to reduce their risk of breast and ovarian cancer, including risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) and risk-reducing oophorectomy ...

    Authors: A Fuchsia Howard, Joan L Bottorff, Lynda G Balneaves and Charmaine Kim-Sing

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:24

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Breast cancer is a major threat to Taiwanese women's health. Despite the controversy surrounding the effectiveness of breast self-examination (BSE) in reducing mortality, BSE is still advocated by some health ...

    Authors: Rea-Jeng Yang, Lian-Hua Huang, Yeu-Sheng Hsieh, Ue-Lin Chung, Chiun-Sheng Huang and Herng-Dar Bih

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:23

    Content type: Research article

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  15. In the Netherlands, 30% of subfertile women are overweight or obese, and at present there is no agreement on fertility care for them. Data from observational and small intervention studies suggest that reducti...

    Authors: Meike AQ Mutsaerts, Henk Groen, Nancy CW ter Bogt, Johanna HT Bolster, Jolande A Land, Wanda JE Bemelmans, Walter KH Kuchenbecker, Peter GA Hompes, Nick S Macklon, Ronald P Stolk, Fulco van der Veen, Jacques WM Maas, Nicole F Klijn, Eugenie M Kaaijk, Gerrit JE Oosterhuis, Peter XJM Bouckaert…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. Many complex and subtle aspects relating to mothers and food choice are not well understood. Mothers play a primary role in their children's food choices, but research has not specifically examined how matrili...

    Authors: Cassandra M Johnson, Joseph R Sharkey, Alex W McIntosh and Wesley R Dean

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:21

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Decreased levels of circulating bone marrow-derived progenitor cells have been associated with risk factors and cardiovascular diseases. Smoking is the most important modifiable risk factor for atherosclerosis...

    Authors: Antje Ludwig, Nicoline Jochmann, Andras Kertesz, Claudia Kuhn, Simone Mueller, Christine Gericke, Gert Baumann, Karl Stangl and Verena Stangl

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:20

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Although research suggests that socio-sexual behavior changes in conjunction with the menstrual cycle, several potential factors are rarely taken into consideration. We investigated the role of changing hormon...

    Authors: Chrisalbeth J Guillermo, Heidi A Manlove, Peter B Gray, David T Zava and Chandler R Marrs

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:19

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Vaginal prolapse affects quality of life negatively and is associated with urinary, bowel, and sexual symptoms. Few qualitative studies have explored women's experiences of vaginal prolapse. The objective of t...

    Authors: Mojgan Pakbaz, Margareta Persson, Mats Löfgren and Ingrid Mogren

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:18

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Insufficient sleep and poor sleep quality, considered endemic in modern society, are associated with obesity, impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes. Little, however, is known about the consequences of insuff...

    Authors: Chunfang Qiu, Daniel Enquobahrie, Ihunnaya O Frederick, Dejene Abetew and Michelle A Williams

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:17

    Content type: Research article

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  21. About 40% of all patients with genital prolapse report stress-incontinence. In about half of the 60% patients that do not report stress-incontinence, occult urinary stress-incontinence can be detected. In thes...

    Authors: Annemarie van der Steen, Marinus van der Ploeg, Marcel GW Dijkgraaf, Huub van der Vaart and Jan-Paul WR Roovers

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:16

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Sleep disturbance and insomnia are commonly reported by postmenopausal women. However, the relationship between hormone therapy (HT) and sleep disturbances in postmenopausal community-dwelling adults is unders...

    Authors: Gregory J Tranah, Neeta Parimi, Terri Blackwell, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Kristine E Ensrud, Jane A Cauley, Susan Redline, Nancy Lane, Misti L Paudel, Teresa A Hillier, Kristine Yaffe, Steven R Cummings and Katie L Stone

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:15

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Preeclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality world-wide. The risk for developing preeclampsia varies depending on the underlying mechanism. Because the disorder i...

    Authors: Uzma Shamsi, Juanita Hatcher, Azra Shamsi, Nadeem Zuberi, Zeeshan Qadri and Sarah Saleem

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:14

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The African Medical Research Foundation antiretroviral therapy program at the community health centre in Kibera counsels women to wait with pregnancy until they reach the acceptable level of 350 cells/ml CD4 c...

    Authors: Opondo Awiti Ujiji, Anna Mia Ekström, Festus Ilako, Dorcas Indalo and Birgitta Rubenson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:13

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Interventions other than medications in the management of osteoporosis are often overlooked. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of physical activity and calcium intake with bone param...

    Authors: Yannis Dionyssiotis, Ioanna Paspati, Georgios Trovas, Antonios Galanos and Georgios P Lyritis

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:12

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Since the mid-1990s, there have been growing efforts to prevent cervical cancer in less-developed countries through the development of innovative screening approaches such as visual inspection of the cervix as...

    Authors: Eric Chamot, Sibylle Kristensen, Jeffrey SA Stringer and Mulindi H Mwanahamuntu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:11

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Although empirical evidence is available on the coping-health link in older age, research on this topic is needed with non-clinical samples of ethnically diverse older women. To contribute to filling such a re...

    Authors: Luciana Laganà and Keren Zarankin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  28. There has been an increasing number of diagnosed cases of Chlamydia trachomatis in many countries, in particular among young people. The present study was based on a growing request to examine urine as a suppleme...

    Authors: Siren Haugland, Turid Thune, Beata Fosse, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Stig Ove Hjelmevoll and Helge Myrmel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:9

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Reproductive tract infections (RTI's) are endemic in developing countries and entail a heavy toll on women. If untreated, RTI's can lead to adverse health outcomes such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy and in...

    Authors: Kabiru A Rabiu, Adeniyi A Adewunmi, Fatimat M Akinlusi and Oluwarotimi I Akinola

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:8

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The present study describes Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use amongst Italian women transitioning through menopause. Popularity and perceived effectiveness of CAM treatments, use of pharmaceutic...

    Authors: Francesco Cardini, Grazia Lesi, Flavia Lombardo and Corinne van der Sluijs

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:7

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The continuing burden of maternal mortality, especially in developing countries has prompted a shift in paradigm from the traditional risk assessment approach to the provision of access to emergency obstetric ...

    Authors: Kayode T Ijadunola, Macellina Y Ijadunola, Olapeju A Esimai and Titilayo C Abiona

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:6

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Women's perceived control over condom use has been found to be an important determinant of actual condom use in some studies. However, many existing analyses used cross-sectional data and little quantitative i...

    Authors: Audrey Pettifor, Abigail Norris Turner, Teresa Swezey, Maria Khan, Mbolatiana SM Raharinivo, Bodo Randrianasolo, Ana Penman-Aguilar, Kathleen Van Damme, Denise J Jamieson and Frieda Behets

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:4

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is the leading cause of genital ulcer disease worldwide. The virus can be transmitted to neonates and there are scarce data regarding incidence of HSV-2 among women in pregn...

    Authors: Marshall W Munjoma, Edith N Kurewa, Munyaradzi P Mapingure, Grace V Mashavave, Mike Z Chirenje, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Akhtar Hussain and Babill Stray-Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:2

    Content type: Research article

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  34. It is a well accepted status that socio-cultural characteristics may affect the onset of menopause and its characteristics. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence rates of menopausal symptoms a...

    Authors: Unal Ayranci, Ozgul Orsal, Ozlem Orsal, Gul Arslan and Dursun Figen Emeksiz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2010 10:1

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Iranian women, many of whom live in small cities, have limited access to mammography and clinical breast examinations. Thus, breast self examination (BSE) becomes an important and necessary approach to detecti...

    Authors: Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Laleh Hasani, Teamur Aghamolaei, Shahram Zare and David Gregory

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:37

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Multiple pregnancies are high risk pregnancies with higher chances of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. In the past decades the number of multiple pregnancies has increased. This trend is partly d...

    Authors: Alexandra J Bensdorp, Els Slappendel, Carolien Koks, Jur Oosterhuis, Annemieke Hoek, Peter Hompes, Frank Broekmans, Harold Verhoeve, Jan Peter de Bruin, Janne Meije van Weert, Maaike Traas, Jacques Maas, Nicole Beckers, Sjoerd Repping, Ben W Mol, Fulco van der Veen…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:35

    Content type: Study protocol

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  37. Overdiagnosis (and overtreatment) of cancers not bound to become symptomatic during lifetime is an unavoidable drawback of mammography screening. The magnitude of overdiagnosis has been estimated to be in the ...

    Authors: Stefano Ciatto

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:34

    Content type: Commentary

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  38. Breast cancer in the Middle-East occurs in relatively young women and frequently presents as advanced disease. A protective effect of multiparity is not apparent, and high familial risk is reported in some cou...

    Authors: Runnak A Majid, Hazha A Mohammed, Heshu M Saeed, Banaz M Safar, Rekawt M Rashid and Michael D Hughson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:33

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Realizing the importance of regular physical activity, particularly in the prevention of chronic diseases and unhealthy weight gain, it is important to study how physical activity changes during and after preg...

    Authors: Katja Borodulin, Kelly R Evenson and Amy H Herring

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:32

    Content type: Research article

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  40. during adulthood, most studies have reported that oral contraceptive (OC) pills had neutral, or possibly beneficial effect on bone health. We proposed this study of pre and post menopausal women assessing BMD,...

    Authors: Fadoua Allali, Laila El Mansouri, Fatima zohra Abourazzak, Linda Ichchou, Hamza Khazzani, Loubna Bennani, Redouane Abouqal and Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Effective management of menopause is an important way to improve the quality of life of the increasing number of older women. The study sought to find out if Nigerian Gynaecologists offer effective treatment f...

    Authors: Peter O Nkwo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The transobturator tape procedure (TOT) is an effective surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. However data concerning safety are rare, follow-up is often less than two years, and complicati...

    Authors: Isabelle Kaelin-Gambirasio, Sandrine Jacob, Michel Boulvain, Jean-Bernard Dubuisson and Patrick Dällenbach

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:28

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The aim was to compare effectiveness of group versus individual sessions of physiotherapy in terms of symptoms, quality of life, and costs, and to investigate the effect of patient preference on uptake and out...

    Authors: SE Lamb, J Pepper, R Lall, EC Jørstad-Stein, MD Clark, L Hill and J Fereday-Smith

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2009 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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