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  1. The purpose of the study was to examine patients’ understanding of the revised screening mammogram guidelines released by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) in 2009 addressing age at ini...

    Authors: Summer V Allen, Lise Solberg Nes, Mary L Marnach, Kristen Polga, Sarah M Jenkins, Julia A Files, Ivana T Croghan, Karthik Ghosh and Sandhya Pruthi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:36

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is defined by the lack of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) expression. This is an aggressive maligna...

    Authors: Ghizlane Rais, Soundouss Raissouni, Meryem Aitelhaj, Fadoi Rais, Sara Naciri, Siham Khoyaali, Halima Abahssain, Youssef Bensouda, Basma Khannoussi, Hind Mrabti and Hassan Errihani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:35

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although the experiences of unintended pregnancies and poor birth outcomes among adolescents aged 15–19 years in the general population are well documented, there is limited understanding of the same among tho...

    Authors: Francis Obare, Anke van der Kwaak and Harriet Birungi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:34

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine recommendation by a health care provider (HCP) is an important predictor of vaccine receipt. We examined whether being of a minority race/ethnicity, having lower income and e...

    Authors: Ker Yi Wong and Young Kyung Do

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:33

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide. The use of mobile mammography units to offer screening to women living in remote areas is a r...

    Authors: Raphael Luiz Haikel Jr, Edmundo Carvalho Mauad, Thiago Buosi Silva, Jacó Saraiva de Castro Mattos, Luciano Fernandes Chala, Adhemar Longatto-Filho and Nestor de Barros

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:32

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Social support is an exchange of resources between at least two individuals perceived by the provider or recipient to be intended to promote the health of the recipient. Social support is a major determinant o...

    Authors: Azam Baheiraei, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Eesa Mohammadi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi and Saharnaz Nedjat

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:30

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Costs of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) are high, which is partly due to the use of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH is usually administered in a standard dose. However, due to differences in ovarian rese...

    Authors: Theodora C van Tilborg, Marinus JC Eijkemans, Joop SE Laven, Carolien AM Koks, Jan Peter de Bruin, Gabrielle J Scheffer, Ron JT van Golde, Kathrin Fleischer, Annemieke Hoek, Annemiek W Nap, Walter KH Kuchenbecker, Petra A Manger, Egbert A Brinkhuis, Arne M van Heusden, Alexander V Sluijmer, Arie Verhoeff…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:29

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. This cross-sectional, nested cohort study assessed Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) scores in postmenopausal women with breast cancer receiving primary chemotherapy.

    Authors: José Antônio Crespo Cavalheiro, Ana Cristina da Costa Bittelbrunn, Carlos Henrique Menke, Jorge Villanova Biazús, Nilton Leite Xavier, Rodrigo Cericatto, Fernando Schuh, Caroline Vieira Pinheiro and Eduardo Pandolfi Passos

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:28

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Frozen thawed embryo transfer (FET) is a cost- effective adjunct to IVF or IVF-ICSI treatment. In order to optimize treatment outcome, FET should be carried out during a period of optimal endometrial receptivi...

    Authors: Eva R Groenewoud, Nick S Macklon and Ben J Cohlen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:27

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Assessing expecting mother’s opinions prior to birth draws a comprehensive picture for the caregivers about their emotional state and their expectations. Some questionnaires to cover these aspects do exist. Th...

    Authors: Elke Jeschke, Thomas Ostermann, Natalie Dippong, Dagmar Brauer and Harald Matthes

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:26

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Primary dysmenorrhea is a common and sometimes disabling condition. In recent years, some studies aimed to improve the treatment of dysmenorrhea, and therefore, introduced several therapeutic measures. This st...

    Authors: Shahindokht Navvabi Rigi, Fatihe kermansaravi, Ali Navidian, Leila Safabakhsh, Ameneh Safarzadeh, Somaye Khazaian, Shahla Shafie and Tahmineh Salehian

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:25

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Abnormal uterine bleeding is often investigated in clinical studies and critical to identify during gynecological consultation. The current standard for quantification of menstrual blood loss is the alkaline-h...

    Authors: Ulrike Schumacher, Jens Schumacher, Uwe Mellinger, Christoph Gerlinger, Andreas Wienke and Jan Endrikat

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:24

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Though non-communicable diseases contribute to an increasing share of the disease burden in South Asia, health systems in most rural communities are ill-equipped to deal with chronic illness. This analysis see...

    Authors: Shegufta S Sikder, Alain B Labrique, Barkat Ullah, Sucheta Mehra, Mahbubur Rashid, Hasmot Ali, Nusrat Jahan, Abu A Shamim, Keith P West Jr and Parul Christian

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:23

    Content type: Research article

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  14. In in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment a large drop is present between embryo transfer and occurrence of pregnancy. The implantation rate per embryo transferred...

    Authors: Janine G Smit, Jenneke C Kasius, Marinus JC Eijkemans, Carolien AM Koks, Ron Van Golde, Jurjen GE Oosterhuis, Annemiek W Nap, Gabrielle J Scheffer, Petra AP Manger, Annemiek Hoek, Mesrure Kaplan, Dick BC Schoot, Arne M van Heusden, Walter KH Kuchenbecker, Denise AM Perquin, Kathrin Fleischer…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  15. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality among Jordanian women. Breast malignancies are detected at late stages as a result of deferred breast health-seeking behaviour. The aim of this study was ...

    Authors: Hana Taha, Raeda Al-Qutob, Lennarth Nyström, Rolf Wahlström and Vanja Berggren

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:21

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Many trafficked people suffer high levels of physical, sexual and psychological abuse. Yet, there has been limited research on the physical health problems associated with human trafficking or how the health n...

    Authors: Siân Oram, Nicolae V Ostrovschi, Viorel I Gorceag, Mihai A Hotineanu, Lilia Gorceag, Carolina Trigub and Melanie Abas

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:20

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Early life-stage exposure to estrogen increases the risk of breast cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate the age at menarche and time to onset of regular menstrual cycles for Japanese women bo...

    Authors: Michie Hosokawa, Setsuko Imazeki, Hideki Mizunuma, Toshiro Kubota and Kunihiko Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:19

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Optimal nutrition for lactating mothers is importance for mother and infants’ health and well-being. We determined the nutrient intake and dietary changes during the first 3-month of lactation, and its potenti...

    Authors: Haijiao Chen, Ping Wang, Yaofeng Han, Jing Ma, Frederic A Troy II and Bing Wang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:18

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Breast cancer today has many established risk factors, both genetic and environmental, but these risk factors by themselves explain only part of the total cancer incidence. We have investigated potential inter...

    Authors: Sophia Harlid, Salma Butt, Malin IL Ivarsson, Jorunn Erla Eyfjörd, Per Lenner, Jonas Manjer, Joakim Dillner and Joyce Carlson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:17

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Hormone receptor (HR) and HER2 expression predict the therapeutic response and prognosis of breast cancer. In the Middle-East, breast cancer is diagnosed at a young age, and Arabic women are reported to have a...

    Authors: Runnak A Majid, Hazha A Mohammed, Hemin A Hassan, Wasan A Abdulmahdi, Rekawt M Rashid and Michael D Hughson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:16

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Women of reproductive age are vulnerable to psychosocial problems, but these have remained largely unexplored in Muslim women in developing countries. The aim of this study was to explore and describe psychoso...

    Authors: Rosnah Sutan and Hazlina Mohd Miskam

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:15

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Vietnam shows a paradoxical situation where high contraceptive prevalence goes together with high abortion rates. This study examined the associations between self-reports of having received voluntary family p...

    Authors: Phuong Hong Nguyen and Meiwita P Budiharsana

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:14

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The growing trend of women infected with HIV through sexual transmission is alarming. Factors influencing condom use have not yet been fully identified, especially in countries with conservative cultures and b...

    Authors: Razieh Lotfi, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Farideh Yaghmaei and Ebrahim Hajizadeh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:13

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Current practice for patients with breast cancer referred for genetic counseling, includes face-to-face consultations with a genetic counselor prior to and following DNA-testing. This is based on guidelines re...

    Authors: Aisha S Sie, Liesbeth Spruijt, Wendy AG van Zelst-Stams, Arjen R Mensenkamp, Marjolijn J Ligtenberg, Han G Brunner, Judith B Prins and Nicoline Hoogerbrugge

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:12

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Hypovitaminosis D is associated to accentuated bone loss. However, association between osteoporotic vertebral fractures (VFs) and vitamin D status has not been clearly established.

    Authors: Abdellah El Maghraoui, Zhor Ouzzif, Aziza Mounach, Asmaa Rezqi, Lahsen Achemlal, Ahmed Bezza, Saida Tellal, Mohamed Dehhaoui and Imad Ghozlani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:11

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Uterine receptivity and implantation are complex processes requiring coordinated expression of molecules by zygote and uterus. Our objective was to evaluate the role of the endometrial expression of leukemia i...

    Authors: Manal A Tawfeek, Manal A Eid, Azza M Hasan, Manal Mostafa and Hesham A El-Serogy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:10

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Approaches to the treatment of endometriosis vary worldwide, but studies comparing endometriosis medications in different ethnic groups are rare. A systematic literature search identified two studies directly ...

    Authors: Christoph Gerlinger, Thomas Faustmann, Jeffrey J Hassall and Christian Seitz

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:9

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Modern Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is very safe, highly effective reversible and inexpensive family planning method which offers 5-10 years of protection against pregnancy. The contraceptive use i...

    Authors: Syed Khurram Azmat, Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Waqas Hameed, Mohsina Bilgrami, Ghulam Mustafa, Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Ishaque, Wajahat Hussain and Aftab Ahmed

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:8

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Women in deprived socioeconomic situations run a high pain risk. Although number of pain sites (NPS) is considered highly relevant in pain assessment, little is known regarding the relationship between socioec...

    Authors: Toril Rannestad and Finn Egil Skjeldestad

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:7

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In 2009 the Uterine Bleeding and Pain Women's Research Study (UBP-WRS) was conducted interviewing 21,479 women across 8 countries in order to gain patient-based prevalence data on uterine pain and bleeding ind...

    Authors: Anne Zimmermann, David Bernuit, Christoph Gerlinger, Matthias Schaefers and Katharina Geppert

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:6

    Content type: Research article

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  31. A vaginal fistula is a devastating condition, affecting an estimated 2 million girls and women across Africa and Asia. There are numerous challenges associated with providing fistula repair services in develop...

    Authors: Mark A Barone, Vera Frajzyngier, Steven Arrowsmith, Joseph Ruminjo, Armando Seuc, Evelyn Landry, Karen Beattie, Thierno Hamidou Barry, Alyona Lewis, Mulu Muleta, Dolorès Nembunzu, Robert Olupot, Ileogben Sunday-Adeoye, Weston Khisa Wakasiaka, Mariana Widmer and A Metin Gülmezoglu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  32. Smoking is a significant women's health issue. Examining smoking behaviors among occupational groups with a high prevalence of women may reveal the culture of smoking behavior and quit efforts of female smoker...

    Authors: Linda Sarna, Stella Aguinaga Bialous, Karabi Nandy and Qing Yang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:4

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In Ethiopia maternal mortality rate is very high more than one in five women die from pregnancy or pregnancy related causes. The use of contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion is an ...

    Authors: Tatek Tesfaye, Tizta Tilahun and Eshetu Girma

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:3

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Spontaneous cessation of growth is a frequent finding in uterine fibroids. Increasing evidence suggests an important role of cellular senescence in this growth control. Deciphering the underlying mechanisms of...

    Authors: Dominique N Markowski, Burkhard M Helmke, Arlo Radtke, Jennifer Froeb, Gazanfer Belge, Sabine Bartnitzke, Werner Wosniok, Iris Czybulka-Jachertz, Ulrich Deichert and Jörn Bullerdiek

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:2

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Health outcomes could be improved if women at high risk for osteoporotic fracture were matched to effective treatment. This study determined the extent to which treatment for osteoporosis/osteopenia correspond...

    Authors: Eric S Meadows, Beth D Mitchell, Susan C Bolge, Joseph A Johnston and Nananda F Col

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2012 12:1

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Despite declining smoking rates among the general Australian population, rates among Indigenous Australians remain high, with 47% of the Indigenous population reporting daily smoking - twice that of other Aust...

    Authors: Megan E Passey, Jennifer T Gale and Robert W Sanson-Fisher

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:55

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Perceived beliefs about breast cancer and breast cancer screening are important predictors for mammography utilization. This study adapted and validated the Champion's scale in Peru. This scale measures percei...

    Authors: Moises A Huaman, Kelly I Kamimura-Nishimura, Mariano Kanamori, Alejandro Siu and Andres G Lescano

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:54

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Considering the fact that a significant proportion of high-risk pregnancies are currently referred to tertiary level hospitals; and that a large proportion of low obstetric risk women still seek care in these ...

    Authors: Roxana Behruzi, Marie Hatem, Lise Goulet and William Fraser

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:53

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Indonesia has the fourth largest population in the world. Few studies have identified the risk factors of Indonesian women for domestic violence. Such research will be useful for the development of prevention ...

    Authors: Elli N Hayati, Ulf Högberg, Mohammad Hakimi, Mary C Ellsberg and Maria Emmelin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:52

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Previous studies have associated chronic pelvic pain with a stereotyped pattern of movement and posture, lack of normal body sensations, a characteristic pain distribution. We aimed at evaluating if these post...

    Authors: Carolina W Kaercher, Vanessa K Genro, Carlos A Souza, Mariane Alfonsin, Greice Berton and João S Cunha Filho

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:51

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem in Africa and worldwide. HIV infected women face increased IPV risk. We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with IPV among HIV infect...

    Authors: Michael O Osinde, Dan K Kaye and Othman Kakaire

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:50

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Despite the increased attention on maternal mortality during recent decades, which has resulted in maternal health being defined as a Millennium Development Goal (MDG), the disability and suffering from obstet...

    Authors: Lilian T Mselle, Karen Marie Moland, Bjørg Evjen-Olsen, Abu Mvungi and Thecla W Kohi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:49

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a silent disorder with a huge impact on women's quality of life. There is limited data from community-based studies conducted to determine the prevalence of POP as its assessment...

    Authors: Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Somayeh Hashemi, Masoumeh Simbar and Niloofar Shiva

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:48

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Childlessness among Australian women is increasing. Despite this, little is known about the physical and mental health and wellbeing of childless women, particularly during the reproductive years. The aims of ...

    Authors: Melissa L Graham, Erin Hill, Julia M Shelley and Ann R Taket

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:47

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Successful priority setting is increasingly known to be an important aspect in achieving better family planning, maternal, newborn and child health (FMNCH) outcomes in developing countries. However, far too li...

    Authors: Dereck Chitama, Rob Baltussen, Evert Ketting, Switbert Kamazima, Anna Nswilla and Phares GM Mujinja

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:46

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Prognostic markers and molecular breast cancer subtypes reflect underlying biological tumor behavior and are important for patient management. Compared to Western countries, women in North Africa are less like...

    Authors: Bodour Salhia, Coya Tapia, Elia A Ishak, Salwa Gaber, Bree Berghuis, Khateeb H Hussain, Rachelle A DuQuette, James Resau and John Carpten

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:44

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The attendance rate in Estonian cervical cancer screening programme is too low therefore the programme is hardly effective. A cross-sectional population based survey was performed to identify awareness of cerv...

    Authors: Alice Kivistik, Katrin Lang, Paolo Baili, Ahti Anttila and Piret Veerus

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2011 11:43

    Content type: Research article

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