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Table 1 Sample socio-demographic characteristics and stages of change by groups

From: Socio-demographic factors and processes associated with stages of change for smoking cessation in pregnant versus non-pregnant women

Sample characteristics
   Pregnancy Non Pregnancy
Age (mean ± SD)   32.6 (± 5.3) 34.8(± 7.0)
Age at start smoking (mean ± SD)   17.0 (± 2.9) 17.6 (± 2.6)
Qualification (n, %) Degree 65 (36.7%) 50 (29.1%)
  High School 77 (43.5%) 89 (51.7%)
  Mandatory education 35 (19.8%) 33 (19.2%)
Work (n, %) Worker 22 (12.9%) 37 (21.5%)
  Employee 96 (56.1%) 88 (51.1%)
  Manager 28 (16.4%) 21 (12.2%)
  Unemployed 25 (14.6%) 26 (15.1%)
Marital status (n, %) Married or common-law wife 143 (80.8%) 94 (54.7%)
  Not married 24 (13.6%) 49 (28.5%)
  Separated/Divorced 10 (5.6%) 29 (16.86%)
Nationality (n, %) Italian 154 (87.0%) 147 (85.5%)
  Not Italian 25 (13.0%) 23( 14.5%)
Stage of change (n, %) Pre-contemplative 18 (10.1%) 34 (19.8%)
  Contemplative 5 (2.8%) 36 (20.9%)
  In preparation 15 (8.5%) 22 (12.8%)
  In action 32 (18.1%) 39 (22.7%)
  In maintenance 107 (60.5%) 41 (23.8%)