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  1. Elagolix is an oral, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor antagonist, that significantly reduces dysmenorrhea and non-menstrual pelvic pain (NMPP) in women with moderate to severe endometriosis-assoc...

    Authors: Mauricio S. Abrao, Eric Surrey, Keith Gordon, Michael C. Snabes, Hui Wang, Horia Ijacu and Hugh S. Taylor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:246

    Content type: Research

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  2. We aimed to investigate the risk factors of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorder, management options and maternal and neonatal outcomes of these pregnancies in a resource-limited clinical setting.

    Authors: Maryam Kasraeian, Atefe Hashemi, Kamran Hessami, Shaghayegh Moradi Alamdarloo, Razie Vahdani, Homeira Vafaei, Fateme Sadat Najib, Zahra Shiravani, Behnaz Razavi, Nahid Homayoon, Mahsa Nayebi, Khadije Bazrafshan and Mojgan Akbarzadeh Jahromi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:243

    Content type: Research

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  3. A persistent research finding in Finland and elsewhere has been variation in medical practices both between and within countries. Variation seems to exist especially if medical decision making involves discret...

    Authors: Tiina Vikstedt, Martti Arffman, Satu Heliövaara-Peippo, Kristiina Manderbacka, Eeva Reissell and Ilmo Keskimäki

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:242

    Content type: Research

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  4. Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been recognized as a defining human rights, development and public health issue of our time. Economic empowerment is one of the most promising interventions to reduce IPV i...

    Authors: Heidi Stöckl, Anushé Hassan, Meghna Ranganathan and Abigail M. Hatcher

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:241

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep-related disorder with breathing difficulties. Previous studies revealed that epicardial fat thickness (EFT) correlates with OSA severity. Interestingly, female patients...

    Authors: Yong Zhang, Jian Wang, Wen Shui, Zhenxia Zhang, Juan Li and Jin Ma

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:239

    Content type: Research

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  6. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Yasushi Kotani, Kosuke Murakami, Risa Fujishima, Akiko Kanto, Hisamitsu Takaya, Masao Shimaoka, Hidekatsu Nakai and Noriomi Matsumura

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:238

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:219

  7. Colorectal cancer is a condition which is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess urinary dysfunction and its effect on quality of life in women who underwent t...

    Authors: Henry H. Chill, Shani Y. Parnasa, Noam Shussman, Roie Alter, Briggite Helou, Adiel Cohen, Alon J. Pikarsky and David Shveiky

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:237

    Content type: Research

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  8. The basic principle of vaginal laser therapy is the rejuvenation of the affected tissue. Zinc and copper are essential nutritional trace elements and have a key role in connective tissue homeostasis. We aimed ...

    Authors: Attila G. Sipos, Krisztina Pákozdy, Szilvia Jäger, Kindra Larson, Peter Takacs and Bence Kozma

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:235

    Content type: Research

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  9. Defining the disrupted mothering would contribute to developing strategies to support mothers with breast cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the concept of mothering disruption using a hybrid model.

    Authors: Effat Mazaheri, Akram Ghahramanian, Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh and Tonia C. Onyeka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:234

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a very common problem with symptoms that can negatively affect normal daily life. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PMS symptoms and their relatio...

    Authors: Reem Abu Alwafa, Manal Badrasawi and Raheeq Haj Hamad

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:233

    Content type: Research

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  11. Achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment is a major global priority. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the Building the Resilience of Vulnerable Communities in Burkina Faso (BRB) proj...

    Authors: Benjamin T. Crookston, Josh H. West, Siena F. Davis, P. Cougar Hall, Greg Seymour and Bobbi L. Gray

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:230

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Sleep quality is among the indicators associated with the quality of life of patients with cancer. A multitude of factors may affect patient sleep quality and are considered as associated predictive factors. T...

    Authors: Amina Aquil, Ouassil EL Kherchi, Naoual EL Azmaoui, Mustapha Mouallif, Maroua Guerroumi, Aziz Chokri, Arumugam R. Jayakumar, Abdellatif Benider and Abdeljalil Elgot

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:229

    Content type: Research

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  13. Superwoman refers to the identity of a woman who performs several important roles simultaneously and full-time, such as being a wife, mother, and homemaker while holding a job. This study aims to examine the c...

    Authors: Maryam Nosrati Beigzadeh, Hossein Ghamari Givi, Ali Rezaei Sharif, Ali Sheykholeslami, Leila Reisy and Hadi Hassankhani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:227

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Loneliness in mothers raising children under 3 years of age is a major challenge. The purpose of this study was to identify the individual, family, and community factors associated with loneliness among mother...

    Authors: Azusa Arimoto and Etsuko Tadaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:226

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Breast cancer subtypes are known to have different metastatic recurrence sites. Distant metastases are often observed during the post-operative course in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 ...

    Authors: Koji Takada, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Yuka Asano, Wataru Goto, Rika Kouhashi, Akimichi Yabumoto, Sae Ishihara, Tamami Morisaki, Masatsune Shibutani, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:225

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To estimate the prevalence and severity of menopausal symptoms and anxiety/depression and to assess the differences according to menopausal status among women living with HIV aged 45–60 years from the cohort o...

    Authors: Ines Suarez-García, Belén Alejos, Maria-Jesús Pérez-Elías, Jose-Antonio Iribarren, Asunción Hernando, Margarita Ramírez, María Tasias, Mario Pascual, Inma Jarrin and Victoria Hernando

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:223

    Content type: Research

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  17. Women from migrant and refugee backgrounds who live in high-income countries are at increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes, including mental health issues, preterm birth and maternal and infant mortality...

    Authors: Helen J. Rogers, Lily Hogan, Dominiek Coates, Caroline S. E. Homer and Amanda Henry

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:222

    Content type: Research

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  18. The purpose of this study was to compare cervical cancer screening by pap smear (PS) versus preliminary HPV testing based on self-collected samples (SC-HPV).

    Authors: Laura Reques, Camille Rolland, Anne Lallemand, Najat Lahmidi, Ezequiel Aranda-Fernández, Antonio Lazzarino, Julie Bottero, Françoise Hamers, Christine Bergeron, Ken Haguenoer, Guy Launoy and Niklas Luhmann

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:221

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Prior to implementing a pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) demonstration study, we sought to explore cisgender women’s experiences with HIV prevention, PrEP knowledge and attitudes, and anticipated barriers and f...

    Authors: Elizabeth C. Pasipanodya, Jamila Stockman, Thupten Phuntsog, Sheldon Morris, Christina Psaros, Raphael Landovitz, K. Rivet Amico, David J. Moore and Jill Blumenthal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:220

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Laparoscopic surgery has been described as a minimally invasive surgery. The purpose of this study is to clarify its minimal invasive features using a patient questionnaire on the postoperative quality of life...

    Authors: Yasushi Kotani, Kosuke Murakami, Risa Fujishima, Akiko Kanto, Hisamitsu Takaya, Masao Shimaoka, Hidekatsu Nakai and Noriomi Matsumura

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:219

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:238

  21. Sexual assault is a prevalent crime against women globally with known negative effects on health. Recent media reports in Canada indicate that many sexual assault reports are not believed by police. Negative r...

    Authors: Karen McQueen, Jodie Murphy-Oikonen, Ainsley Miller and Lori Chambers

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:217

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:232

  22. Violence against women places them in a vulnerable position with regard to homelessness. Although sometimes invisible, women’s homelessness is a complex reality shrouded in dramatic biographies that should be ...

    Authors: Clara Isabel Posada-Abadía, Carolina Marín-Martín, Cristina Oter-Quintana and María Teresa González-Gil

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:216

    Content type: Research article

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  23. There are only a few studies on sex hormones in females of different ages suffering from depression, and their conclusions are not uniform until now. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the...

    Authors: Rong Lei, Yan Sun, Jiawen Liao, Yuan Yuan, Linlin Sun, Yugeng Liu, Xinyu Yang, Wenyou Ma and Zhenjian Yu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:215

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To investigate the clinical efficacy of the MyoSure hysteroscopic tissue removal system in the treatment of endometrial and cervical polyps in women with an intact hymen.

    Authors: Jiahui Yong, Xiaohui Guo, Hua Lan, Jing Yuan, Da Zeng, Xiangyang Zeng, Shuijing Yi and Songshu Xiao

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:214

    Content type: Research

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  25. The fertility rate in South Korea has been decreasing dramatically, as working women postpone or avoid childbirth due to the challenges of maintaining a career while raising a family. Working mothers with infa...

    Authors: Jeong-Ah Ahn, Eun Ha Roh, Tiffany Kim, Jin Hyang Lee and Ju-Eun Song

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:213

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The consequences of obstetric fistula on affected women are more than the medical condition. It has extensive physical, psychological, social, and economic consequences on them. Obstetric fistula affects the ...

    Authors: Tilahun Fufa Debela, Zerihun Asefa Hordofa, Aster Berhe Aregawi and Demisew Amenu Sori

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:212

    Content type: Research

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  27. Siaya County in Western Kenya has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in Kenya. We sought to elucidate factors that influence mothers’ decisions regarding where to seek obstetrical care, to inform inte...

    Authors: Grace Umutesi, Matthew D. McEvoy, Kemberlee Bonnet, Sophie Druffner, David G. Schlundt, Harrysone E. Atieli, Joy N. China, Kennedy Onyango and Mark W. Newton

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:210

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Based on the World Health Organization (WHO), workplace violence can affect events where employees are abused, attacked or threatened in their workplace, and it also has some consequences such as safety, welfa...

    Authors: Mitra Faghihi, Aliasghar Farshad, Maryam Biglari Abhari, Nammamali Azadi and Morteza Mansourian

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:209

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Allergic disorders may have a bidirectional causal relationship with mental disorders. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to assess the associations between cognitive abilities and emotional function test...

    Authors: Mohammad Fereidouni, Hadis Rezapour, Mansoore Saharkhiz, Sara Mahmoudzadeh, Malaksima Ayadilord, Masoumeh Askari, Samira Karbasi, Arefeh Abbaszadeh, Zahra Sadat Hoseini, Gordon A. Ferns and Afsane Bahrami

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:205

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Tasleem J. Padamsee, Megan Hils and Anna Muraveva

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:204

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:157

  31. Female breast cancer was the most diagnosed cancer in 2020, with more than two million new cases worldwide. Access to scientifically correct information can assist patients in early detection or prevention of ...

    Authors: Priscila Biancovilli, Lilla Makszin and Alexandra Csongor

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:202

    Content type: Research

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  32. The sterilizing effect of cancer treatment depends mostly on the chemotherapy regimen and extent of radiotherapy. Prediction of long-term reproductive outcomes among cancer survivors according to chemo-radioth...

    Authors: Gilad Karavani, Amihai Rottenstreich, Natali Schachter-Safrai, Adiel Cohen, Michael Weintraub, Tal Imbar and Ariel Revel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Female genital mutilation is common in Sierra Leone. Evidence indicates that empowering women provides protective benefits against female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). Yet, the relationship between women...

    Authors: Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Seun Anjorin, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Olalekan A. Uthman, Mpho Keetile and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:200

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Caesarean scar defect (CSD) seriously affects female reproductive health. In this study, we aim to evaluate uterine scar healing by transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) in nonpregnant women with cesarean section (CS)...

    Authors: Xingchen Zhou, Tao Zhang, Huayuan Qiao, Yi Zhang and Xipeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:199

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Ovarian abscesses, which occur mostly in sexually active women via recurrent salpingitis, occur rarely in virginal adolescent girls. Here, we present a case of an ovarian abscess in a virginal adolescent girl...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Murata, Yuta Endo, Shigenori Furukawa, Atsushi Ono, Yuichiroh Kiko, Shu Soeda, Takafumi Watanabe, Toshifumi Takahashi and Keiya Fujimori

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:198

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  36. The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly, increasing the stress and challenges for healthcare professionals around the world. This study aims to discover the psychosocial, emotional and pr...

    Authors: Sumbal Shahbaz, Muhammad Zeshan Ashraf, Rubeena Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:197

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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