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  1. Intimate partner violence is a serious global public health problem particularly in low-and middle-income countries such as Ethiopia where women's empowerment is limited. Despite the high prevalence of intimat...

    Authors: Dessie Abebaw Angaw, Alemakef Wagnew Melesse, Bisrat Misganaw Geremew and Getayeneh Antehunegn Tesema

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The incidence rate of cervical cancer is increasing yearly. The persistent infection of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main factor leading to cervical cancer. HPV infection is double peak type. Th...

    Authors: Yan Shen, Jing Xia, Huihui Li, Yang Xu and Sanping Xu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) considered as a concerning health issue for women of reproductive age. In this study we aim to estimate the prevalence of POI and assessing the influential factors.

    Authors: Marzieh Rostami Dovom, Razieh ‌Bidhendi-Yarandi, Kazem Mohammad, Maryam Farahmand, Fereidoun Azizi and Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Various factors, including menopausal status, educational and social background, culture, and physical and emotional health, may influence women’s perceptions of menopause. This study documents the elements in...

    Authors: S. A. R. Syed Alwi, I. B. Brohi and I. Awi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The high prevalence of low bone mass in young women in Japan has emerged as a serious health issue in recent years. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to reevaluate the relationship between genetic an...

    Authors: Yuri Sakamoto, Fumi Oono, Kaoruko Iida, Pao-Li Wang and Yoichi Tachi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Suicide-attempts have increased across the world and have become higher among females. There has been a high prevalence of self-immolation in Iran, mostly young married women admitted to the burn centers. This...

    Authors: Nader Aghakhani, Violeta Lopez, Naser Parizad and Rahim Baghaei

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cervical cancer is a leading cause of death among Cameroon women. The burden of cervical cancer is in part traceable to the inadequate understanding of socio-contextual determinants of access to screening and ...

    Authors: Adebola Adedimeji, Rogers Ajeh, Amanda Pierz, Relindis Nkeng, Jackson Jr. Ndenkeh, Norbert Fuhngwa, Denis Nsame, Miriam Nji, Anastase Dzudie, Kathryn M. Anastos and Philip E. Castle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:74

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Abdominal and laparoscopic sacro-colpopexy (LSC) is considered the standard surgical option for the management of a symptomatic apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Women who have their uterus, and for whom an ...

    Authors: Daniel Gagyor, Vladimir Kalis, Martin Smazinka, Zdenek Rusavy, Radovan Pilka and Khaled M. Ismail

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Vulval lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a common condition. Despite this, there is a paucity of research investigating the impact on women’s lives. Some women with VLS utilise online forums to discuss their prioritie...

    Authors: Gemma L. Bentham, Kristyn Manley, Shehrazad Halawa and Lucy Biddle

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:71

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In 2011, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) strengthened its disability claims processes for military sexual trauma, hoping to reduce gender differences in initial posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) dis...

    Authors: Maureen Murdoch, Michele Roxanne Spoont, Nina Aileen Sayer, Shannon Marie Kehle-Forbes and Siamak Noorbaloochi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Diastasis of rectus abdominis (DRA) refers to a separation of the rectus abdominis from the linea alba. This study aimed to investigate the association with the severity of DRA for developing pelvic floor dysf...

    Authors: Hui Fei, Yun Liu, Mengxiong Li, Juan He, Lixiang Liu, Juanhua Li, Ying Wan and Tian Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Mammography screening is the main method for early detection of breast cancer in Norway. Few studies have focused on psychological determinants of both attendance and non-attendance of publicly available mammo...

    Authors: Anna Ivanova and Ingela Lundin Kvalem

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Despite the fact that cervical cancer is preventable and curable in the early stages, it still remains to be a major public health problem in India. This study was conducted to assess the knowledge and awarene...

    Authors: Poongodi Chellapandian, Sindhura Myneni, Divya Ravikumar, Padmavathy Padmanaban, Kavin Mozhi James, Vahitha Mala Kunasekaran, Rejili Grace Joy Manickaraj, Christina Puthota Arokiasamy, Poonguzhali Sivagananam, Pandian Balu, Udayakumari Meesala Chelladurai, Vishnu Priya Veeraraghavan, Gayathri Baluswamy, Radhika Nalinakumari Sreekandan, Devakumar Kamaraj, Sumetha Suga Deiva Suga…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The method of communicating a positive cancer screening result should seek to alleviate psychological distress associated with a positive result. We evaluated whether the provision of information through a lea...

    Authors: Yukari Isaka, Ai Hori, Rie Tanaka and Masao Ichikawa

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:64

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) is a commonly used scale for the assessment of female sexual function. Our aim was to develop and validate a Spanish short version of the FSFI.

    Authors: Laura Mateu Arrom, Montserrat Girabent-Farrés, Mónica González, Joan Palou, Carlos Errando-Smet and Inés Ramírez-García

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Zinc and copper are essential trace elements and play a crucial role in the homeostasis of connective tissues. In this study, we aimed to define zinc and copper levels in the vaginal tissue and establish wheth...

    Authors: Anett Csikós, Bence Kozma, Edina Baranyai, Ida Miklós, Kindra Larson, Róbert Póka and Peter Takacs

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of adolescents remain largely unmet. For instance, over 20 million female adolescents in need of, a modern contraceptive method are not using any. This study dete...

    Authors: Quraish Sserwanja, Milton W. Musaba and David Mukunya

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:61

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The present study examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the risk for fragility fractures in postmenopausal Korean women.

    Authors: Jihan Kim, Sami Lee, Sung Soo Kim, Jong-Pyo Lee, Jong Sung Kim, Jin Gyu Jung, Seok Jun Yoon, Kyu Pil Kim, Chan-Keol Park and Yong-Hwan Kim

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Compared to their white counterparts, Latina breast cancer survivors experience poorer quality of care and worse health-related quality of life. Limited English proficiency (LEP) and patient engagement in canc...

    Authors: Jackie Bonilla, Cristian Escalera, Jasmine Santoyo-Olsson, Cathy Samayoa, Carmen Ortiz, Anita L. Stewart and Anna María Nápoles

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:59

    Content type: Research article

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  20. This study was conducted to identify factors that are associated with failure of treatment using the levonorgestrel releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) in women with heavy menstrual bleeding.

    Authors: Pleun Beelen, Marian J. van den Brink, Malou C. Herman, Peggy M. Geomini, Ruben G. Duijnhoven and Marlies Y. Bongers

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Our understanding of the experiences of women at reproductive age regarding sexual life and issues they may face after starting the treatment of breast cancer is limited. Therefore, this qualitative study aime...

    Authors: Maryam Maleki, Abbas Mardani, Mansour Ghafourifard and Mojtaba Vaismoradi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:56

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This study focuses on factors that may disproportionately affect female veterans’ mental health, compared to men, and is part of a larger study assessing the prevalence of mental health disorders and treatment...

    Authors: Richard E. Adams, Yirui Hu, Charles R. Figley, Thomas G. Urosevich, Stuart N. Hoffman, H. Lester Kirchner, Ryan J. Dugan, Joseph J. Boscarino, Carrie A. Withey and Joseph A. Boscarino

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:55

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a condition with impaired ovarian function that occurred in women before the age of 40. Considering that women with POI are in reproductive age and their fertility and ...

    Authors: Somayeh Moukhah, Behzad Ghorbani, Zahra Behboodi-Moghadam and Simin Zafardoust

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:54

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Pelvic floor muscles support the pelvic organs and control voiding. The first choice in the repair of pelvic floor function that is damaged during pregnancy and delivery is pelvic floor muscle training, which ...

    Authors: Mayumi Ikeda and Akiko Mori

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Obstetric genital fistulas are an uncommon condition in developed countries. We evaluated their causes and management in women treated at a German pelvic floor centre.

    Authors: Christl Reisenauer, Bastian Amend, Claudius Falch, Harald Abele, Sara Yvonne Brucker and Jürgen Andress

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:52

    Content type: Research article

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  26. North America is amidst an opioid overdose epidemic. In many settings, particularly Canada, the majority of overdose deaths occur indoors and impact structurally vulnerable people who use drugs alone, making t...

    Authors: Geoff Bardwell, Taylor Fleming, Ryan McNeil and Jade Boyd

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:51

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In the recent years, the number of Syrians living in Germany increased drastically due to the massive displacement caused by the Syrian conflict. Syrian migrant women in Germany are challenged by both the migr...

    Authors: Salma Kikhia, Ghaith Gharib, Alexandra Sauter, Natalia Caldeira Loss Vincens and Julika Loss

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:50

    Content type: Research article

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  28. It has been suggested that premenstrual syndrome (PMS) may derive from either elevated oxidative stress or reduced antioxidant vitamin levels in the body; however, these relationships have been minimally studi...

    Authors: Robyn A. Frankel, Kara A. Michels, Keewan Kim, Daniel L. Kuhr, Ukpebo R. Omosigho, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Lindsay Levine, Neil J. Perkins and Sunni L. Mumford

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Previous studies indicated an impact of hormonal contraceptive use on oral health. This systematic review aimed to investigate the evidence supporting the impact of the use of hormonal contraceptives and perio...

    Authors: Micaele Maria Lopes Castro, Maria Karolina Martins Ferreira, Iasmin Encaua Essashika Prazeres, Paula Beatriz de Oliveira Nunes, Marcela Baraúna Magno, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Lucianne Cople Maia and Rafael Rodrigues Lima

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:48

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Menopause is a biopsychosocial phenomenon encompassing the transition in a woman’s life from being fertile to infertile. Although menopause may result in extremely unpleasant physical symptoms there is evidenc...

    Authors: I. M. P. S. Ilankoon, K. Samarasinghe and C. Elgán

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:47

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relevant factors of pain after transvaginal mesh (TVM) surgery for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse and to analyse the management and relief of the pain.

    Authors: Chang Shi, Ying Zhao, Qing Hu, Runqi Gong, Yitong Yin and Zhijun Xia

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:46

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Both short and long birth intervals are associated with many risk factors and about 29% of births are short birth intervals in Ethiopia. The purpose of this study is to model the birth intervals of adult women...

    Authors: Nuru Muhammed Mustefa and Denekew Bitew Belay

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Studies show that different socio-economic and structural factors can limit access to healthcare for women with disabilities. The aim of the current study was to review barriers in access to healthcare service...

    Authors: Behzad Karami Matin, Heather J. Williamson, Ali Kazemi Karyani, Satar Rezaei, Moslem Soofi and Shahin Soltani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:44

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Despite numerous national and international efforts to alleviate child growth faltering, it remains a global health challenge. There is a growing body of literature that recognizes the importance of women’s em...

    Authors: Alemayehu Gonie Mekonnen, Daniel Bogale Odo, Dabere Nigatu, Adem Sav and Kiya Kedir Abagero

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer and the fifth deadliest cancer among women in Iran. Educational interventions based on the proper behavior promoting models can lead to early diagnosis of cervi...

    Authors: Maryam Heidari Sarvestani, Ali Khani Jeihooni, Zahra Moradi and Azizallah Dehghan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:41

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Dysmenorrhea is the most common health problem among women of reproductive age. The aim of the present study was to investigate the modifying role of water intake in menstrual distress and severity of pain amo...

    Authors: Behnaz Torkan, Mahsasadat Mousavi, Samira Dehghani, Leila Hajipour, Narges Sadeghi, Marzieh Ziaei Rad and Ali Montazeri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  37. There is a noticeable lack of systematic researches on evaluating the correlation between serum estrogen levels and changes in brain functional areas of perimenopausal women.The aim of this study is to investi...

    Authors: Min Liu, Hui Yang, Jian Qin, Qianqian Yao, Guihua Yang and Jiang Li

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  38. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Thelma Carrillo, Jane R. Montealegre, Christina G. Bracamontes, Michael E. Scheurer, Michele Follen and Zuber D. Mulla

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:38

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:11

  39. Youth in general and young females, in particular, remain at the center of HIV/AIDS epidemic. To avoid and prevent HIV infection, comprehensive knowledge as well as correct understanding of transmission and pr...

    Authors: Tesfaldet Mekonnen Estifanos, Chen Hui, Afewerki Weldezgi Tesfai, Mekonnen Estifanos Teklu, Matiwos Araya Ghebrehiwet, Kidane Siele Embaye and Amanuel Kidane Andegiorgish

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Almost one patient with cancer in two is anemic. About 40 to 64% of cervical cancer patients are anemic at time of presentation. The rate of anemia increases with the use of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormona...

    Authors: Mulugeta Wassie, Agazhe Aemro and Beletech Fentie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:36

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Vaginal mesh implants are medical devices used in a number of operations to treat stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Although many of these operations have delivered good outcomes, some wom...

    Authors: Nikolina Angelova, Louise Taylor, Lorna McKee, Naomi Fearns and Tracey Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The major types of hormonal contraception used currently in Ethiopia are progestogen-only. This study aimed to assess the differences in anthropometry indices, blood pressure, and lipid profile among women usi...

    Authors: Mulu Shiferaw, Woldeteklehaymanot Kassahun and Belay Zawdie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Breastfeeding and postpartum contraception critically influence infant and maternal health outcomes. In this pilot study, we explore the effects of timing and duration of postpartum levonorgestrel exposure on ...

    Authors: Niaree G. Hopelian, Rebecca G. Simmons, Jessica N. Sanders, Katherine Ward, Sabrina Malone Jenkins, Eve Espey and David K. Turok

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  44. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Christiane Horwood, Lyn Haskins, Rachael Hinton, Catherine Connolly, Silondile Luthuli and Nigel Rollins

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:31

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Women's Health 2021 21:2