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  1. Migrants experience stress before, during and after migrating to a new country, all of which influences their mental wellbeing. In Norway, migration from Thailand is highly gendered as most Thai migrants are w...

    Authors: Naomi Tschirhart, Melanie Straiton, Trygve Ottersen and Andrea S. Winkler

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:139

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is increasingly being identified as a problem around the world. Women can have problems in various parts of the sexual cycle - desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm or they may e...

    Authors: Farah Safdar, Chui Lee Julia Eng, Khin Lay Wai, Wan Shi Tey and Seng Bin Ang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:137

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Child marriage remains a challenge in Ghana. Over the years, government and development partners have made various commitments and efforts to curb the phenomenon of child marriage. However, there is little emp...

    Authors: Babatunde Ahonsi, Kamil Fuseini, Dela Nai, Erika Goldson, Selina Owusu, Ismail Ndifuna, Icilda Humes and Placide L. Tapsoba

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:126

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an individualized score based on preoperative parameters to predict patient outcomes after vaginal repair of cesarean section diverticulum.

    Authors: Yizhi Wang, Qinyi Zhu, Feikai Lin, Li Xie, Jiarui Li and Xipeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:136

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Cervical cancer was the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer related deaths in 2013 among women in Zambia. We determined factors associated with vaginal douching with any solution oth...

    Authors: Twaambo Euphemia Hamoonga, Pawel Olowski and Patrick Musonda

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:135

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Early marriage is occurred when one or both of the spouses are below the age of 18 years at the time of their first marriage. It is one of the major traditional practices in developing counties particularly in...

    Authors: Minale Bezie and Dagne Addisu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:134

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cerebellar ataxia affects individuals in reproductive age. To date, few clinical cases of cerebellar ataxia and involvement of the cerebellum in sexual response were reported. We report a case of a woman that ...

    Authors: Carmen López-Sosa, Jorge Gámez-Zapata, Helena Iglesias-de-Sena and Montserrat Alonso-Sardón

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:133

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Breast cancer is an important cancer type and the most common malignancy among women in both developed and developing countries and the second leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. This study aimed...

    Authors: Nukhet Kirag and Mehtap Kızılkaya

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:132

    Content type: Research article

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  9. There is a high prevalence of gender-based violence (GBV) victimization among young Ethiopian women, including in universities, where female enrollment is low but growing. Understanding factors contributing to...

    Authors: Michelle R. Kaufman, Ashlie M. Williams, Graziele Grilo, Christina X. Marea, Fasil Walelign Fentaye, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik and Shifera Asfaw Yedenekal

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:131

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Women remain disproportionally affected by the HIV/ AIDS epidemic because of sociocultural factors including violence perpetrated by intimate partners. Among HIVpositive (HIV+) women, intimate partner violence...

    Authors: Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Justine Bukenya, Joseph K. B. Matovu, Violet Gwokyalya, Fredrick Makumbi, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Shaban Mugerwa, John Baptist Bwanika and Rhoda K. Wanyenze

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:130

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a major public health problem with a relative high lifetime risk of surgery. The main risk factor for developing POP is vaginal birth. Many women become symptomatic later in life...

    Authors: Maria Mirskaya, Eva-Carin Lindgren and Ing-Marie Carlsson

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:129

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Infection by HIV and other STIs and unplanned pregnancies are among the most serious problems associated with sexuality. Male and female condoms are the only dual-purpose devices to control both unplanned preg...

    Authors: Vallejo-Medina Pablo, Ramírez Carlos Eduardo, Saavedra-Roa Diego Alejandro, Gómez-Lugo Mayra and Pérez-Durán Claudia

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:128

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Cervical cancer is the second most common gynecologic cancer affecting the lives of women. It causes hundreds of thousands of death among women annually worldwide. When a woman is screened for cervical cancer ...

    Authors: Tadesse Nigussie, Bitiya Admassu and Aderajew Nigussie

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:127

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Women in the US have access to various hormonal contraceptive methods that can regulate menstruation. This study examined the attitudes and perceptions of reproductive-aged women toward contraceptive methods, ...

    Authors: Andrea L. DeMaria, Beth Sundstrom, Stephanie Meier and Abigail Wiseley

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:125

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Müllerian adenosarcoma is a rare malignancy. These tumors occur mainly in the uterus, but also in extrauterine locations, usually related to endometriosis. Because of their rarity, there is limited data on opt...

    Authors: Jose Carlos Vilches Jimenez, Emilia Villegas Muñoz, Iván González Poveda, David Santos Lorente, Belinda Sanchez Pérez and Jesús S. Jimenez Lopez

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:124

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women in Ghana, but knowledge and experience of women who have had cervical screening is under-evaluated. This study examined knowledge and understanding of HPV and...

    Authors: Arabella Stuart, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Anna Hayfron-Benjamin, Angela D. Akorsu and Philippe Mayaud

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:123

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Incidence of breast cancer in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has increased in recent years. Screening helps in early detection of cancer and early diagnosis and timely treatment of breast cancer lead to a b...

    Authors: Humariya Heena, Sajid Durrani, Muhammad Riaz, Isamme AlFayyad, Rabeena Tabasim, Gazi Parvez and Amani Abu-Shaheen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:122

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is one of the common vaginal infections among childbearing women. The usual treatment for BV is metronidazole; hence 30% of women have recurrence within 60 to 90 days after treatment. ...

    Authors: Mohamed A. Abd El Aziz, Foruzan Sharifipour, Parvin Abedi, Shayesteh Jahanfar and Helen Marie Judge

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:121

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Substantial research has found that women assess their health as poor relative to men, but the reasons for this are not fully understood. Military women are characterised by good health and the ability to work...

    Authors: Elin Anita Fadum, Leif Åge Strand, Monica Martinussen, Laila Breidvik, Nina Isaksen and Einar Borud

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:119

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Medical abortion (MA) has become an increasingly popular choice for women even where surgical abortion services are available. Pain is often cited by women as one of the worst aspects of the MA experience, yet...

    Authors: Daniel Grossman, Sarah Raifman, Tshegofatso Bessenaar, Lan Dung Duong, Anand Tamang and Monica V. Dragoman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:118

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Women with a higher number of pregnancies have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Subtle fluctuations in albumin excretion could be related to pathophysiologic changes in the vascular system....

    Authors: Kan Sun, Diaozhu Lin, Feng Qiling, Feng Li, Yiqin Qi, Wanting Feng, Meng Ren, Li Yan and Dan Liu

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:117

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in women, and in those with a positive family history, it is important to perform mammography. One of the probable barriers in doing mammography is fatalism.

    Authors: Maryam Molaei-Zardanjani, Mitra Savabi-Esfahani and Fariba Taleghani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:116

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Induced abortion is a common undergo in many societies of the world. Every year, around 20 million unsafe abortions are done worldwide. From fragmented studies conducted in Ethiopia, the prevalence of induced ...

    Authors: Kifle Lentiro, Teklemichael Gebru, Abdusemed Worku, Agizie Asfaw, Tigist Gebremariam and Addisu Tesfaye

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:115

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Human instinctively desire to have offspring. Infertility can cause painful emotional experiences throughout the life mainly known as quality of life impairment. This study aimed to investigate the impact of i...

    Authors: Katayoun Bakhtiyar, Ramin Beiranvand, Arash Ardalan, Farahnaz Changaee, Mohammad Almasian, Afsaneh Badrizadeh, Fatemeh Bastami and Farzad Ebrahimzadeh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:114

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Accurately measuring stigmatized experiences is a challenge across reproductive health research. In this study, we tested a novel method – the list experiment – that aims to reduce underreporting of sensitive ...

    Authors: Heidi Moseson, Sofia Filippa, Sarah E. Baum, Caitlin Gerdts and Daniel Grossman

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:113

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Internationally, women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) lack knowledge about their disease, which limits their ability to take responsibility for self-care and creates negative psychosocial effect...

    Authors: Carla Freijomil-Vázquez, Denise Gastaldo, Carmen Coronado and María-Jesús Movilla-Fernández

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:112

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS, with Nigeria, South Africa, and Uganda accounting for 48% of new infections. A systematic review of the HIV burden among women en...

    Authors: Fred M. Ssewamala, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Yesim Tozan, Proscovia Nabunya, Larissa Jennings Mayo-Wilson, Joshua Kiyingi, Joseph Kagaayi, Scarlett Bellamy, Mary M. McKay and Susan S. Witte

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:111

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) has long been a pervasive public health concern. With the aging Chinese population, the prevention, assessment and management of postmenopausal osteoporosis were particularly...

    Authors: Guiming Yan, Yaqi Huang, Hong Cao, Jie Wu, Nan Jiang and Xiaona Cao

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:110

    Content type: Research article

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  29. This study aims to investigate the difference in vaginal microecology, local immunity and HPV infection among childbearing-age women with different degrees of cervical lesions.

    Authors: Jing-Jing Zheng, Jing-Hui Song, Cong-Xiang Yu, Fei Wang, Peng-Cheng Wang and Jing-Wei Meng

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:109

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Uganda has one of the highest age-standardized incidence rates of cervical cancer in the world. The proportion of Ugandan women screened for cervical cancer is low. To evaluate barriers and facilitators to acc...

    Authors: Eleanor Black, Fran Hyslop and Robyn Richmond

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:108

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To be effective, population-based cervical cancer prevention programs must be tailored to meet the needs of the target population. One important factor in cervical cancer screening may include male involvement...

    Authors: Konyin Adewumi, Sandra Y. Oketch, Yujung Choi and Megan J. Huchko

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:107

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a serious public health issue, threatening the health of individuals the world over. Whilst DVA can be experienced by both men and women, the majority is still experienced ...

    Authors: Isobel Heywood, Dana Sammut and Caroline Bradbury-Jones

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:106

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Mothers with infants and toddlers are a potential target population for the prevention or alleviation of feelings of loneliness. However, the theory and methods for measuring loneliness among mothers with infa...

    Authors: Azusa Arimoto and Etsuko Tadaka

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:105

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Achieving the unfinished agenda towards sexual and reproductive health and rights requires overcoming remaining barriers to contraceptive uptake, which can be method-specific. Women’s uptake of the IUD is poor...

    Authors: Sarah Castle, Heidi Schroffel, Jean Jose Nzau Mvuezolo, Bavon Mupenda, Justin Mumbere and Rachel Shapiro

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:104

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Probiotics has been shown to be effective in reducing vaginal colonization of pathogenic organisms. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of probiotic strains Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lac...

    Authors: Yu-Che Ou, Hung-Chun Fu, Chih-Wen Tseng, Chen-Hsuan Wu, Ching-Chou Tsai and Hao Lin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:103

    Content type: Research article

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  36. We tested whether childhood adversity is associated with poor cardiometabolic health in adulthood among a sample of overweight or obese Dutch women of reproductive age. Health behaviors, psychological distress...

    Authors: Lotte van Dammen, Nicole R. Bush, Susanne R. de Rooij, Ben Willem J. Mol, Henk Groen, Annemieke Hoek and Tessa J. Roseboom

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:102

    Content type: Research article

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  37. A persistent low-level elevation of serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) without clinical or radiological evidence of pregnancy or tumors was recently defined as quiescent gestational trophoblastic disease...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Okada, Shingo Miyamoto, Takashi Mimura, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Akihiko Sekizawa and Koji Matsumoto

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:101

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Uterine leiomyomas are often discovered during early pregnancy and in most cases will have no effect on pregnancy outcomes. However, in rare cases uterine leiomyomas may lead to obstetric complications. The ai...

    Authors: Henry Hillel Chill, Gilad Karavani, Talya Rachmani, Uri Dior, Ofer Tadmor and Asher Shushan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:100

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Women in Tanzania report a high unmet need for both information about and access to family planning. Prior studies have demonstrated the complex and variable relationship between religious faith and beliefs ab...

    Authors: Radhika Sundararajan, Lauren Mica Yoder, Albert Kihunrwa, Christine Aristide, Samuel E. Kalluvya, David J. Downs, Agrey H. Mwakisole and Jennifer A. Downs

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:99

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The rapid growth and changes that occur in adolescents increase the demand for macro and micronutrients and addressing their needs particularly in females would be an important step to break the vicious cycle ...

    Authors: Rediet Takele Regasa and Jemal Ali Haidar

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:98

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Despite the increasing use of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and the significant physical and emotional commitments that these treatments and procedures involve, only limited evidence exists regarding ...

    Authors: Mei-Zen Huang, Chien-Huei Kao, Kuan-Chia Lin, Jiann-Loung Hwang, Shuby Puthussery and Meei-Ling Gau

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:97

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The apical prolapse is probably the most complex form of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Adequate apical support is essential in the treatment of POP, as it contributes to the support in all vaginal compartments....

    Authors: Katrine Dahl Pedersen, Marie Højriis Storkholm, Karl Møller Bek, Marianne Glavind-Kristensen and Susanne Greisen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:96

    Content type: Research article

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  43. The combination of intrapelvic and extrapelvic endometriosis is a very rare condition in gynecology. Patients with endometriosis involving the sciatic nerve are easily misdiagnosed because they usually present...

    Authors: Liang Yanchun, Zhao Yunhe, Xia Meng, Chen Shuqin, Zhu Qingtang and Yao Shuzhong

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:95

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Reproductive history and urogynecological disorders have been associated with limitations in physical function. However, little is known about the relationship between symptoms of urinary incontinence and pelv...

    Authors: Mariana Carmem Apolinário Vieira, Saionara Maria Aires da Câmara, Mayle Andrade Moreira, Catherine McLean Pirkle, Afshin Vafaei and Álvaro Campos Cavalcanti Maciel

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:94

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Uterine Fibroids (UFs) growth is ovarian steroid-dependent. Previous studies have shown that estrogen and progesterone play an important role in UF development. However, the mechanism underlying progesterone i...

    Authors: Mona Omar, Archana Laknaur, Ayman Al-Hendy and Qiwei Yang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:92

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Cervical cancer is the most common cancer and a major cause of morbidity and mortality among women in Zimbabwe yet it is preventable, early detectable and highly curable. The objective of this study was to inv...

    Authors: O. Tapera, G. Dreyer, W. Kadzatsa, A. M. Nyakabau, B. Stray-Pedersen and Hendricks SJH

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:91

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The aim of this paper was to conduct a baseline survey of HPV infection in unvaccinated women in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region before the mass use of HPV vaccine.

    Authors: Jing Wang, Dandan Tang, Kai Wang, Jialu Wang, Zhaoxia Zhang, Yanxia Chen, Xueliang Zhang and Cailing Ma

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2019 19:90

    Content type: Research article

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