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  1. Early discontinuation of implant contraceptive methods and reasons for discontinuation remains a major concern for family planning programs. Early discontinuation is related to higher rates of the overall fert...

    Authors: Gerald Ssebatta, Dan Kabonge Kaye and Scovia Nalugo Mbalinda

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:399

    Content type: Research

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  2. To study knowledge regarding genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) and the treatments for it and to analyze treatment adherence during the COVID-19 confinement.

    Authors: Laura Baquedano Mainar, Sonia Sánchez Méndez, Peña Dieste Pérez, Mónica Hernández Aragón and Nicolás Mendoza Ladrón de Guevara

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:398

    Content type: Research

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  3. Endometriosis, the presence of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus, is a common clinical entity between women of reproductive age, with a prevalence of about 10%. Due to the variety of endometriosis-ass...

    Authors: Dimitrios Rafail Kalaitzopoulos, Nicolas Samartzis, Georgios N. Kolovos, Evangelia Mareti, Eleftherios Pierre Samartzis, Markus Eberhard, Kostantinos Dinas and Angelos Daniilidis

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:397

    Content type: Review

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  4. Apocrine carcinoma is a rare tumor that constitutes < 4% of all breast malignancies, characterized by the proliferation of large atypical cells with strictly defined borders, abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, l...

    Authors: Sawsan Ismail, Haidara Kherbek, Jana Skef, Nadim Zahlouk, Rafik Abdulal and Zuheir Alshehabi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:396

    Content type: Case report

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  5. The current work aimed to investigate the mediating role of adiposity traits in the relationship between eating behaviors, sleep quality, socio-demographic factors, and the health-related quality of life in wo...

    Authors: Mahdieh Khodarahmi, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Sahar Khoshro and Parvin Dehghan

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:395

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Controversy surrounds whether women with low-risk cytology screening results but a normal colposcopic assessment should have random biopsies taken. The aim of this study was to determine the yield of CIN2+ fro...

    Authors: Mette Mindedahl Jespersen, Berit Bargum Booth and Lone Kjeld Petersen

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:394

    Content type: Research

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  7. Pipelle endometrial biopsy is vital for the early diagnostics of endometrial pathology and is performed in outpatient setting in minimally invasive manner. One of the reported disadvantages of sampling with Pi...

    Authors: Aiym Kaiyrlykyzy, Faina Linkov, Faye Foster, Gauri Bapayeva, Talshyn Ukybassova, Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Kamila Kenbayeva, Bakytkali Ibrayimov, Alla Lyasova and Milan Terzic

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:393

    Content type: Research

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  8. Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is one of the most common gynecological conditions among young females, which has a significant negative impact on health-related quality of life and productivity. Despite its high pr...

    Authors: Samar Karout, Lama Soubra, Deema Rahme, Lina Karout, Hani M J Khojah and Rania Itani

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:392

    Content type: Research

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  9. Our aim was to gain insight into the experiences of women suffering from the urinary component of the Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause (GSM) and to understand the impact of urinary complaints as part of GSM...

    Authors: Michaela Gabes, Gesina Kann, Julia von Sommoggy, Petra Stute and Christian J. Apfelbacher

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:391

    Content type: Research

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  10. Unsafe abortion is a leading cause of maternal mortality. In Afghanistan, which has experienced decades of armed conflict and where abortion is highly restricted, maternal mortality is high at 638 maternal dea...

    Authors: Shiromi M. Perera, Haroon Achakzai, Monica M. Giuffrida, Meghana Jayne Kulkarni, Devin C. Nagle, Mohammad Kameen Wali and Sara E. Casey

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:390

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Despite the abundance of clinical data available for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), little research on the psychological well-being of breast cancer survivors has been published. We investigate the exten...

    Authors: Majid Yousefi Afrashteh and Samin Masoumi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:387

    Content type: Research

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  12. The mediating role of coping strategies and its relationship with psychological well-being and quality of life has been considered in the literature. However, there is little research to explore the mechanism ...

    Authors: Xiaoyu Jing, Wei Gu, Lu Zhang, Runna Miao, Xiuli Xu, Min Wang, Hadassah Joann Ramachandran and Wenru Wang

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:386

    Content type: Research

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  13. High awareness of cervical cancer (CC) risk factors is important to decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with CC. This study aimed to assess the knowledge level of Palestinian women about CC risk fa...

    Authors: Mohamedraed Elshami, Mariam Thalji, Hanan Abukmail, Ibrahim Al-Slaibi, Mohammed Alser, Afnan Radaydeh, Alaa Alfuqaha, Salma Khader, Lana Khatib, Nour Fannoun, Bisan Ahmad, Lina Kassab, Hiba Khrishi, Deniz Elhussaini, Nour Abed, Aya Nammari…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:385

    Content type: Research

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  14. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) affect 5–10% of pregnant women. Long-term health issues for these women include 2–3 times the risk of heart attacks, stroke and diabetes, starting within 10 years afte...

    Authors: Heike Roth, Amanda Henry, Lynne Roberts, Lisa Hanley and Caroline S. E. Homer

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:384

    Content type: Research

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  15. The importance of the status of female health should have research priority due to the unique medical needs of women. Hence this paper attempts to explore the nexus of access to electricity, female education, ...

    Authors: Mohammad Mafizur Rahman and Khosrul Alam

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:383

    Content type: Research

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  16. Endometriosis is a considerable health challenge for women of reproductive age. Information about its prevalence in the Jordanian population is sparse. The objective of this research was to evaluate the presen...

    Authors: Nadia Muhaidat, Shawqi Saleh, Kamil Fram, Mohammed Nabhan, Nadia Almahallawi, Saif Aldeen Alryalat, Mutasem Elfalah and Mohammed Elfalah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:381

    Content type: Research

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  17. The effect of pregnancy and breastfeeding on a female’s bone mineral density (BMD) is controversial. This prospective study aims to investigate the effect of parity on BMD among pre-menopausal multiparous fema...

    Authors: Shahnaz Akil, Huda Al-Mohammed, Norah Al-Batati, Maissa Tirsen, Ahad Al-Otaibi, Aram AlZahrani, Deena Bakhder, Ruba AlSubaie and Samar AbuAlsaud

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:380

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) involves vaginal dryness (VD), pain during sexual activity (SAPain), vaginal itching (VI), burning, pain, and symptoms in the urinary organs. Non-ablative radiofrequen...

    Authors: Cintia Pinheiro, Teresa Costa, Raira Amorim de Jesus, Raquel Campos, Rosa Brim, Alcina Teles, Andrea Vilas Boas and Patrícia Lordêlo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:379

    Content type: Research

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  19. Childbearing may increase the future risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in mothers. However, the issue is not clear completely and not investigated in the Middle East, a region with a high burd...

    Authors: Seyyed Saeed Moazzeni, Reyhane Hizomi Arani, Samaneh Asgari, Fereidoun Azizi and Farzad Hadaegh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:378

    Content type: Research

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  20. To compare the effectiveness of 550 mg naproxen sodium versus 6 mL 2%-lidocaine intracervical block in pain lowering at the 52-mg levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) placement in young women.

    Authors: Elaine Cristina Fontes de Oliveira, Thaís Baêta, Ana Paula Caldeira Brant, Agnaldo Silva-Filho and Ana Luiza Lunardi Rocha

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:377

    Content type: Research

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  21. Only 8–23% of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer patients survive for 10 years or longer. Given the need for targeted interventions to improve survival, we interviewed this relatively rare survivor population ...

    Authors: Dana Ketcher, Susan K. Lutgendorf, Susan Leighton, Marianne Matzo, Jeanne Carter, Arjun Peddireddy, Beth Y. Karlan, William P. Tew, Anil K. Sood and Eileen H. Shinn

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:376

    Content type: Research

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  22. Uterine leiomyomas are the most common neoplasm affecting women and frequently cause heavy menstrual bleeding and pain. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor antagonists provide fast symptom relief an...

    Authors: Hiroshi Hoshiai, Yoshifumi Seki, Takeru Kusumoto, Kentarou Kudou and Masataka Tanimoto

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:375

    Content type: Research

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  23. Transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS) has been used to treat overactive bladder (OAB), however patient experiences and views of this treatment are lacking. The aim of this study was to explore women’s...

    Authors: Ciara M. E. Daly, Lynette Loi, Jo Booth, Dalia Saidan, Karen Guerrero and Veenu Tyagi

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:374

    Content type: Research

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  24. Various studies have investigated geographical variations in the incidence of hysterectomy in Western countries and analyzed socioeconomic factors to explain those variations. However, few studies have used sp...

    Authors: Aline Poliart, Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou, Mady Ouédraogo, Philippe Collart, Dominique Dubourg and Sékou Samadoulougou

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:373

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main etiological factor for pre-invasive and invasive cervical cancer. HPV type-specific vaccination is being widely recommended to control the burden of disease, bu...

    Authors: Oksana Debrah, Francis Agyemang-Yeboah, Emmanuel Timmy Donkoh and Richard Harry Asmah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:372

    Content type: Research

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  26. Women's autonomy in health care decision-making is very crucial for the well-being of women themselves, their children, and the entire family members. Although studying the issue is significant to take proper ...

    Authors: Melkamu Dires Asabu and Derebe Kelkay Altaseb

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:371

    Content type: Research

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  27. HIV treatment-based prevention modalities present new opportunities for women to make decisions around sex, intimacy, and prevention. The Universal test and treat (UTT) strategy, where widespread HIV testing i...

    Authors: Lario Viljoen, Graeme Hoddinott, Samantha Malunga, Nosivuyile Vanqa, Tembeka Mhlakwaphalwa, Arlene Marthinus, Khanyisa Mcimeli, Virginia Bond, Janet Seeley, Peter Bock, Richard Hayes and Lindsey Reynolds

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:370

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Autonomy involves making independent decisions and creating lasting and equitable power relationships within families. Many factors, dependent on both the woman and her partner, can influence self-dependence, ...

    Authors: Sandrella Bou Malhab, Hala Sacre, Diana Malaeb, Nathalie Lahoud, Dalia Khachman, Joelle Azzi, Chadia Haddad and Pascale Salameh

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:369

    Content type: Research

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  29. Despite the controversy surrounding the role of clinical breast exam (CBE) in modern breast cancer screening, it is widely practiced. We examined the contribution of CBE in women undergoing routine screening m...

    Authors: Tehillah S. Menes, Dan Coster, Daniel Coster and Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:368

    Content type: Research

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  30. Cervical cancer is an issue of global health concern, and it seems to be the next epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa after Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This study compared the perceptions of susceptibility ...

    Authors: Nancy Innocentia Ebu Enyan, Selorm Akaba and Sarah Ama Amoo

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:367

    Content type: Research

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  31. Women are among the susceptible groups to Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) in Ardabil, north-west of Iran, despite the current global status. The underlying causes of high incidence and fatality rate of women...

    Authors: Farhad Pourfarzi, Shima Rahim Pouran, Abdollah Dargahi, Chiman Karami, Nasrin Fouladi, Hamed Zandian and Telma Zahirian Moghadam

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:366

    Content type: Research

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  32. Migrants are often more vulnerable to health issues compared to host populations, and particularly the women. Therefore, migrant women’s health is important in promoting health equity in society. Participation...

    Authors: Cecilia Lindsjö, Katarina Sjögren Forss, Christine Kumlien and Margareta Rämgård

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:365

    Content type: Research

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  33. Socio-cultural factors may influence the uptake of breast cancer treatments. This study aimed to explore these socio-cultural influences on treatment decision-making for women in Ghana.

    Authors: Linda Serwaa Agyemang, Claire Foster, Chris McLean, Deborah Fenlon and Richard Wagland

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:364

    Content type: Research

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  34. Compared with a natural process, surgically induced menopausal women have a higher bone loss rate. This study aims to evaluate early treatment with estradiol valerate on bone turnover markers after surgically ...

    Authors: Jarika Vatrasresth, Ammarin Suwan and Krasean Panyakhamlerd

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:363

    Content type: Research

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  35. In Rwanda, nearly a third of contraceptive users discontinue within the first year of use. Family planning programs often focus more on recruitment of new users as opposed to maintaining use among current user...

    Authors: Hilary Schwandt, Angel Boulware, Julia Corey, Ana Herrera, Ethan Hudler, Claudette Imbabazi, Ilia King, Jessica Linus, Innocent Manzi, Madelyn Merritt, Lyn Mezier, Abigail Miller, Haley Morris, Dieudonne Musemakweli, Uwase Musekura, Divine Mutuyimana…

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:361

    Content type: Research

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  36. Violence against women (VAW) is a global challenge, and the health sector is a key entry point for survivors to receive care. The World Health Organization adopted an earlier framework for health systems respo...

    Authors: Shegufta Shefa Sikder, Rakhi Ghoshal, Padma Bhate-Deosthali, Chandni Jaishwal and Nobhojit Roy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:360

    Content type: Research

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  37. Subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate is an easy-to-use injectable contraceptive. A trained person can administer it, including women through self-injection. The objective of this systematic review an...

    Authors: Ashraf Nabhan, Farida Elshafeey, Luna Marion Mehrain, Rita Kabra and Amal Elshabrawy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:359

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Regular physical activity has important health benefits for women. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of theory-based educational interventions on the improvement of physical activities of middl...

    Authors: Tayebeh Rakhshani, Zahra Khiyali, Fatemeh Masrurpour and Ali Khani Jeihooni

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:358

    Content type: Research article

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  39. A number of factors may determine family planning decisions; however, some may be dependent on the social and cultural context. To understand these factors, we conducted a qualitative study with family plannin...

    Authors: Duygu Karadon, Yilmaz Esmer, Bahar Ayca Okcuoglu, Sebahat Kurutas, Simay Sevval Baykal, Sarah Huber-Krum, David Canning and Iqbal Shah

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:357

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Understanding the factors that promote healthy lifestyle behaviors in women with polycystic ovary syndrome is of substantial importance. Health-promoting lifestyle behaviors (HPLB) have been observed to be eff...

    Authors: Iram Fatima, Sahar Yaqoob, Farhat Jamil and Amna Butt

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:356

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The objective of this study, the first of its kind in Kosovo, is to determine the level of Kosovo women’s knowledge and awareness of HPV infection, HPV vaccination, and its relation to cervical cancer.

    Authors: Pranvera Zejnullahu Raçi, Fitim Raçi and Teuta Hadri

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:354

    Content type: Research

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  42. The significance of HPV viral load in the detection of cervical lesions is still controversial. This study analyzed the correlation between the high-risk HPV viral load and different cervical lesion degrees.

    Authors: Yang Liu, Changjun Xu, Jing Pan, Chunyi Sun, Honglin Zhou and Yushi Meng

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:353

    Content type: Research

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  43. Communities exert stigma on mothers after stillbirth despite their potential to offer social support to the grieving family. Maternal healthcare-seeking behaviors are socially reinforced rendering a social net...

    Authors: Eric Ssegujja, Yusuf Mulumba, Sally Guttmacher and Michelle Andipatin

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:352

    Content type: Research

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  44. Child marriage is a violation of children’s rights and it exposes them to social isolation and psychological damages. These negative effects are not limited to them and expands to the family and society as wel...

    Authors: Somayyeh Naghizadeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Azam Mohammadi, Marzieh Azizi, Saba Taghizadeh-Milani and Hadiseh Ganbari

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:351

    Content type: Research

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  45. Women with an undetectable viral load can become pregnant and have children with no risk of HIV transmission to their sexual partners and low risk of transmission to their infants. Contemporary pregnancy inten...

    Authors: Lashanda Skerritt, Angela Kaida, Nadia O’Brien, Ann N. Burchell, Gillian Bartlett, Édénia Savoie, Isabelle Boucoiran, Rebecca Gormley, Mary Kestler, Deborah Money, Mona Loutfy and Alexandra de Pokomandy

    Citation: BMC Women's Health 2021 21:350

    Content type: Research

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