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Table 2 Association between Sociodemographic characteristics and Social support score: Bivariate test (n = 1359)

From: Social support for women of reproductive age and its predictors: a population-based study

Characteristica n (%) PRQ-85 Mean ± SD Characteristica n (%) PRQ-85 Mean ± SD
Age (in years)    Spouse’s occupation §   
15–24 350 (25.8) 133.7 ± 18.3 Unemployed 19 (2.0) 127.3 ± 18.7*
25–34 468 (34.4) 134.5 ± 17.3 Worker 127 (13.2) 128.9 ± 15.8
35 or higher 541 (39.8) 134.7 ± 18.2 Clerk 363 (37.8) 136.4 ± 17.0
Marital status    Private sector 417 (43.4) 134.8 ± 17.7
Single 360 (26.6) 133.3 ± 18.9 Experts/Managers 44 (3.5) 139.6 ± 19.1
Married 957 (70.8) 134.8 ± 17.5 Sufficiency of income for expenses   
Divorced 17 (1.3) 133.4 ± 20.7 Absolutely not 199 (14.9) 129.1 ± 20.4*
Widowed 17 (1.3) 137.2 ± 13.4 To some extent 928 (69.3) 134.1 ± 17.5
Education    Completely 213 (15.9) 140.0 ± 16.0
Illiterate 23 (1.7) 129.1 ± 18.1* Crowding index***   
Elementary school 111 (8.2) 133.7 ± 15.1 Low 611 (46.6) 135.7 ± 18.5
Secondary school 170 (12.5) 132.1 ± 18.5 Average 535 (40.8) 133.2 ± 17.9
High school 86 (6.3) 127.1 ± 17.1 High 164 (12.5) 132.9 ± 15.7
Diploma 510 (37.6) 133.8 ± 17.2 Primary source support   
University 455 (33.6) 137.5 ± 18.6 Mother 248 (18.5) 136.0 ± 18.6**
Occupation    Father 46 (3.4) 131.9 ± 20.2
Housewife 866 (64.1) 133.6 ± 17.7** Mother & Father 214 (16.0) 134.5 ± 17.0
Employed 207 (15.3) 137.9 ± 17.2 Spouse 614 (45.9) 135.3 ± 17.1
Student 247 (18.3) 134.2 ± 18.5 Friend & Relative 188 (14.2) 131.7 ± 16.9
Unemployed 32 (2.4) 132.4 ± 22.7 Others 27 (2.0) 121.4 ± 29.0
Spouse’s Education §    Ethnicity   
Illiterate 8 (0.8) 133.7 ± 12.0* Persian 851 (63.4) 135.2 ± 18.1
Elementary school 107 (10.9) 130.5 ± 18.4 Azeri 380 (28.3) 132.5 ± 17.4
Secondary school 159 (16.1) 132.6 ± 15.4 Kurd 44 (3.3) 131.3 ± 19.6
High school 50 (5.1) 123.3 ± 15.0 Lore 49 (3.7) 136.0 ± 18.3
Diploma 380 (38.6) 135.2 ± 16.6 Guilac 18 (1.3) 137.7 ± 18.8
University 281 (28.5) 138.7 ± 18.4    
  1. aAll variables, except age, entail unanswered cases.
  2. § This variable applies to married participants.
  3. * p <0.001.
  4. ** p <0.05.
  5. *** Crowding index was determined by dividing the number of family members by the number of rooms, not considering the bathroom.