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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the sample (N = 1,140)

From: Harnessing information technology to improve women’s health information: evidence from Pakistan

Variables Direct contact with the ICC, % (n = 380) Indirect contact with the ICC, % (n = 380) No contact with the ICC, % (n = 380) Chi square p-valuea
Age of respondents (in years)     <0.001
 <25 55.3 48.4 21.5
 25-34 25.3 31.6 32.6
 ≥35 19.4 20.0 45.9
Education of respondents     <0.001
 No schooling 43.2 46.5 32.1
 Up to secondary level 37.9 35.3 42.1
 > Secondary level 18.9 18.2 25.8
Education of the husband     <0.001
 No schooling 40.1 34.7 32.6
 Up to secondary level 42.6 41.1 34.8
 > Secondary level 17.3 24.2 32.6
Caste (Baraderi)     <0.001
 Gujjar 32.6 28.4 14.7
 Jatt 29.5 34.8 24.2
 Rajput 24.2 20.5 28.9
 Kashmiri 10.3 11.1 20.6
 Others 3.4 5.2 11.6
Duration of marriage (in years)     <0.001
 ≤10 54.2 46,5 20.6
 11-20 26.6 32.7 34.7
 >20 19.2 20.8 44.7
Women’s employment status     <0.001
 Housewife 79.6 81.6 84.2
 Unskilled worker 15.2 16.8 4.7
 Skilled worker 5.2 1.6 11.1
Total family income (in Pak Rs.)b     <0.001
 <10,000 53.7 41.1 39,5
 10,000-20,000 26.7 38.4 19.4
 >20,000 19.6 20.5 41.1
Number of children     0.57
 ≤3 46.8 50.5 48.0
 >3 53.2 49.5 52.0
House goods available at home c     
 Radio/cassette player (yes) 40.1 44.7 38.4 0.18
 TV (yes) 52.1 46.5 57.9 <0.01
 Bicycle (yes) 42.6 34.7 37.3 0.07
 Motorcycle (yes) 20.5 17.3 23.1 0.13
 Car (yes) 3.1 2.1 3.6 0.83
 Mobile phone (yes) 44.2 47.9 52.1 0.09
 Computer (yes) 8.4 10 11.0 0.47
 Internet connection (yes) 2.6 3.1 3.6 0.71
  1. aFisher exact test.
  2. bPak Rs. = Pakistani rupees; 1 US $ = 97 Pak rupees.
  3. cOwned by husband/son/brother.