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Table 5 Predictors of dysfunction, depression and somatic symptoms among ever-married participants

From: Intimate partner violence and physical and mental health among women utilizing community health services in Gujarat, India

Dependent variables Anxietya p-value Paina p-value DUKE depressiona p-value PHQ-9 depressionb p-value PHQ-15 somatic symptomsc p-value
β   β   β   β   β
Independent variables           
IPV 16.79 <0.01 12.78 <0.05 16.19 <0.01 4.00 <0.01 3.46 <0.05
Age -0.52 N.S. 0.67 N.S. -0.47 N.S. 0.15 N.S. 0.08 N.S.
Education – secondary or higher 4.24 N.S. -8.12 N.S. 9.20 <0.05 -0.58 N.S. 0.37 N.S.
Employed -0.83 N.S. -4.58 N.S. 0.003 N.S. -1.78 N.S. -1.77 N.S.
Length of marriage 0.62 N.S. -0.24 N.S. 0.74 N.S. -0.10 N.S. 0.08 N.S.
Number of children 0.21 N.S. -1.04 N.S. 0.56 N.S. 0.16 N.S. -0.50 N.S.
Income per person 0.000 N.S. -0.001 N.S. 0.000 N.S. 0.000 N.S. 0.000 N.S.
Caste – general (highest) -1.00 <0.05 -16.10 <0.05 -1.72 N.S. -2.55 N.S. -3.53 <0.05
Living in Pakka house -5.63 N.S. 8.80 N.S. -3.81 N.S. -1.21 N.S. 0.59 N.S.
Living in urban area -4.76 N.S. -9.84 N.S. -3.54 N.S. -1.18 N.S. -2.05 N.S.
R 2 0.27   0.19   0.20   0.17   0.14  
F 3.93   2.99   2.70   2.59   2.03  
P-value <0.01   <0.01   <0.01   <0.01   <0.05  
  1. N = 167.
  2. aHigher score indicates higher levels of dysfunction.
  3. bHigher score indicates a higher level of depression.
  4. cHigher score indicates more somatic symptoms.
  5. p-values denote significance from multivariate regression analyses.