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Table 3 Proportion (%) of women with GI symptoms premenstrually, comparing those with or without emotional symptoms

From: Gastrointestinal symptoms before and during menses in healthy women

  Depressive symptoms Anxiety symptoms
Yes No P value Yes No P value
  n = 50 n = 106 n = 24 n = 132
Primary GI symptoms % %   % %  
  Abdominal pain 68 53 0.118 62 58 0.88
  Diarrhea 36 19 0.028 42 21 0.040
  Nausea 28 11 0.012 38 13 0.006
  Constipation 24 11 0.056 25 14 0.27
  Vomiting 4 1 0.40 8 1 0.062
  Any primary symptom 86 67 0.012 75 73 1.0
  Multiple (≥2) primary symptoms 46 24 0.006 54 27 0.014
Secondary GI symptoms       
  Bloating 82 52 <0.001 71 60 0.43
  Pelvic pain 76 36 <0.001 58 47 0.42
  1. Bolded p value denotes p < 0.05.