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Table 2 Description of the history of diagnostic journey of cervical cancer patients

From: Estimates of delays in diagnosis of cervical cancer in Nepal

Characteristics Number (n) Percentage
Type of earlier symptom   
 Foul smelling PV discharge 60 54.5
 Lower abdominal pain 25 22.7
 Abnormal PV bleeding 25 22.7
Chief complaints to consult HCP   
 Foul smelling PV discharge 19 17.3
 Lower abdominal pain 22 20.0
 Abnormal PV bleeding 69 62.7
Type of first contact health facilities   
 SHP/HP/PHC 20 18.2
 Private medical shops 37 33.6
 Government Hospital 19 17.3
 Private hospitals 34 30.9
Number of HFs contacted before being referred to cancer diagnostic center
 Single HF 14 12.7
 2-3 HFs 76 69.1
 >3 HFs 20 18.2
 Mean ± S.D. = 2.7 ± 1.07, range 1-6   
Number of pre-referral consultations in different HFs  
 ≤ 3 19 17.3
 >3 91 82.7
 Mean ± S.D. = 4.77 ± 1.8, range 1-10  
Cervical/per speculum examination in initial consultation
 Yes 24 21.8
 No 86 78.2
Symptoms misinterpretation in initial consultation with HCP  
 No 11 10.0
 Yes 99 90.0
Number of visits in cancer diagnostic center till diagnosis
 ≤ 2 visits 55 50.0
 >2 visits 55 50.0
Mean ± S.D. = 2.65 ± 0.77, range 2-5   
Stage of cervical cancer at diagnosis (FIGO)   
 IB1 10 9.1
 IB2 5 4.5
 IIA 6 5.5
 IIB 56 50.9
 IIIA 3 2.7
 IIIB 29 26.4
 IVA 1 0.9