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Table 1 Type and severity of abuse: lifetime and during pregnancy (N = 1939)

From: Prevalence of domestic violence during pregnancy and related risk factors: a cross-sectional study in southern Sweden

Type and severity of abuse Missing History of violencea During pregnancyb
n n (%) n (%)
11* 761 (39.5) 29 (1.5)
Lifetime emotional abuse 20 374 (19.5) 20 (1.0)
Mild 36 307 (16.1)  
Moderate 28 187 (9.8)  
Severe 28 203 (10.6)  
Experienced emotional abuse first time 18   
Age < 18 years   208 (58.4)  
Age ≥ 18 years   148 (41.6)  
Any emotional abuse past year c 5   
Yes   61 (16.5)  
No   308 (83.5)  
Lifetime physical abuse 24 561 (29.3) 7 (0.4)
Mild 53 529 (28.0)  
Moderate 41 203 (10.7)  
Severe 32 127 (6.7)  
Experienced physical abuse first time 41   
Age < 18 years   355 (68.3)  
Age ≥ 18 years   167 (31.7)  
Any physical abuse past year c 20   
Yes   36 (6.7)  
No   505 (93.3)  
Lifetime sexual abuse 20 302 (15.7) 2 (0.1)
Mild 1 33 212 (11.1)  
Mild 2 34 144 (7.6)  
Moderate 45 208 (11.0)  
Severe 53 49 (2.6)  
Experienced sexual abuse first time 12   
Age < 18 years   196 (67.6)  
Age ≥ 18 years   94 (32.4)  
Any sexual abuse past year c 7   
Yes   2 (0.7)  
No   293 (99.3)  
  1. *Did not answer the questions about abuse, aAny type of abuse during lifetime, bSelf-reported abuse during pregnancy irrespective of the perpetrator, cAny type of abuse experienced past 12 months, 1Emotional or sexual humiliation, 2No genital contact.