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Table 4 Association between possible risk factors and exposure to DV during pregnancy (N = 1939)

From: Prevalence of domestic violence during pregnancy and related risk factors: a cross-sectional study in southern Sweden

Independent variabel n% DV during pregnancy n (%) OR 95% CI P-value (two-tailed)
History of violence1 745 18 (2.4) - <0.001
Age ≥ 35 351 6 (1.7) 2.6 (0.9-7.3) NS
Multiparae 949 12 (1.3) 0.6 (0.2-1.6) NS
Low educational status 616 7 (1.1) 1.3 (0.5-3.4) NS
Unemployed 103 4 (3.9) 5.1 (1.7-15.9) 0.002
Foreign language 442 6 (1.4) 1.6 (0.61-4.40) NS
Single/living apart 101 5 (5.0) 6.9 (2.4 -19.7) 0.001
Financial distress 896 12 (1.3) 2.2 (0.8-6.0) NS
Alcohol consumption 971 8 (0.8) 0.7 (0.3-1.8) NS
Smoking/snuffing 345 5 (1.4) 1.5 (0.6 - 4.7) NS
Overweight/obese 478 6 (1.3) 1.4 (0.5-3.8) NS
Unintended pregnancy 331 5 (1.5) 1.8 (0.6-5.1) NS
Miscarriage/abortion 119 6 (5.0) 7.6 (2.8 - 20.6) <0.001
Self-reported poor health 109 2 (1.8) 2.0 (0.5-9.0) NS
Lack of sleep 145 5 (3.4) 4.7 (1.7 - 13.5) 0.001
EDS ≥ 13 166 10 (6.0)) 13.4 (5.2- 34.4) <0.001
SOC Low score 454 12 (2.6) 9.1 (2.9-28.5) <0.001
  1. Statistical significant is accepted at p < 0.05.
  2. 1All (n = 18) reported history of violence and therefore OR with 95% CI not showed.