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Table 3 Types of perpetrator tactics used for women who reported completed rape (n = 211) and attempted rape (n = 246) since age 14 years

From: Sexual violence in the lives of first-year university women in Canada: no improvements in the 21st century

Type Frequency (%) 95% CI Any type Frequency (%) 95% CI
Completed rape      
Alcohol/drug only 107 (50.7) (44.0, 57.5) Any alcohol/drug 168 (79.6) (74.2, 85.1)
Force only 37 (17.5) (12.4, 22.7) Any force 102 (48.3) (41.6, 55.1)
Alcohol/drug and force* 50 (23.7) (18.0, 29.4) Any threats 17 (8.1) (4.4, 11.7)
Threats only 1 (0.5) (0.0, 2.6) More than one type 66 (31.3) (25.0, 37.5)
Alcohol/drug and threats* 1 (0.5) (0.0, 2.6)    
Force and threats* 5 (2.4) (0.8, 5.4)    
Alcohol/drug, force, and threats* 10 (4.8) (2.3, 8.5)    
Attempted rape      
Alcohol/drug only 133 (54.1) (47.8, 60.3) Any alcohol/drug 194 (78.9) (73.8, 84.0)
Force only 44 (17.9) (13.1, 22.7) Any force 109 (44.3) (38.1, 50.5)
Alcohol/drug and force* 49 (19.9) (14.9, 24.9) Any threats 20 (8.1) (4.7, 11.5)
Threats only 2 (0.8) (0.1, 2.9) More than one type 67 (27.2) (21.7, 32.8)
Alcohol/drug and threats* 2 (0.8) (0.1, 2.9)    
Force and threats* 6 (2.4) (0.9, 5.2)    
Alcohol/drug, force, and threats* 10 (4.1) (2.0, 7.3)    
  1. CI = Confidence interval.
  2. *The category may represent more than one type of tactic in a single incident or across multiple incidents. Percentages do not add to 100 because women may have had multiple types.