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Table 3 Passive joint range of motion among fistula cases and controls

From: Musculoskeletal sequelae in patients with obstetric fistula – a case–control study

  N Cases N Control 95%CI of the difference
Hip medial rotation 140 41.7 (SD 6.3) 200 41.7 (SD 6.9) −1.4, 1.4
Hip lateral rotation 140 38.2 (SD 5.9) 197 36.2 (SD 6.3) 0.7, 3.3
Hip flexion 140 112.1 (SD 7.8) 196 113.1 (SD 10.5) −2.9, 1.0
Hip extension† 132 −17.4 (SD 6.6) 137 −12.9 (SD 4.9) −5.9, −3.1
Hip abduction 137 32.6 (SD 10.3) 186 24.1 (SD 8.7) 6.4, 10.7
Hip adduction 140 24.5 (SD 4.6) 190 24.3 (SD 5.2) −0.9, 1.1
Knee flexion 140 142.3 (SD 14.6) 198 153.8 (SD 6.1) −14.1, −8.9
Knee extension† 140 −3.2 (SD 4.6) 198 −7.2 (SD 5.3) 2.9, 5.0
Ankle dorsal flexion 140 19.9 (SD 8.2) 198 26.4 (SD 6.9) −8.1, −4.8
Ankle plantar flexion 140 45.8 (SD 10.1) 197 54.3 (SD 8.1) −10.6, −6.5
  1. Presented as numbers, degrees with (SD) and 95%CI.
  2. Left and right leg was pooled making a total of 140 cases and 200 controls. Variation in N reflects incomplete numbers of examinations among the participants.
  3. †Joint movement below 0 indicates hyperextension of the joint.
  4. Bold numbers indicate statistical significance.