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Table 3 Logistic regression analysis of determinants for likelihood of HPV self-sampling ( N= 297)

From: Determinants of women’s likelihood of vaginal self-sampling for human papillomavirus to screen for cervical cancer in Taiwan: a cross-sectional study

Determinant β Odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
Previous Pap testing   
  Yes 3.09*** 22.00 (5.10, 95.02)
  No 1 (ref)a  
Perceived risk of cervical cancer   
  High 0.81* 2.25 (1.17, 4.32)
  Low 1 (ref)a  
Willingness to self-sample   
  Willing 1.13** 3.09 (1.41, 6.76)
  Unwilling/undecided 1 (ref)a  
HPV knowledge   
  High (≥70% correct answers) 1.24** 3.47 (1.53, 7.88)
  Moderate (60%-69% correct answers) 0.22 1.24 (0.58, 2.67)
  Low (≤59% correct answers) 1 (ref)a  
Priority consideration for HPV self-sampling  
  Cost -1.30** 0.27 (0.13, 0.59)
  Clinical site/time 1 (ref)a  
Constant -4.39*** 0.001
  1. aref indicates reference group.
  2. X2:72.933, df = 6, Hosmer & Lemeshow: p = 0.945, -2log likelihood: 249.056, Cox & Snell R2: 0.218, Nagelkerke R2: 0.329.
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.