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Table 3 Baseline physical characteristics of the study participants (N = 491)

From: Subgrouping of Japanese middle-aged women attending a menopause clinic using physical and psychological symptom profiles: a cross-sectional study

  CL8 CL6 CL5 CL4 P
(N = 162) (N = 111) (N = 102) (N = 116)
Age (years) 52.1 ± 6.0 51.0 ± 5.5 51.5 ± 5.1 52.5 ± 4.8 0.205
Perimenopausal/postmenopausal (%) 40.3/59.7 49.1/50.9 46.5/53.5 41.4/58.6 0.455
Height (cm) 156.4 ± 5.6 158.1 ± 5.3 157.1 ± 5.4 155.5 ± 5.4 0.004
Body weight (kg) 53.0 ± 8.5 53.0 ± 8.7 54.1 ± 9.9 51.9 ± 9.4 0.337
Body mass index (kg . m-2) 21.6 ± 3.3 21.2 ± 3.3 21.9 ± 3.7 21.4 ± 3.6 0.491
Body fat (%) 26.7 ± 7.3 26.9 ± 8.4 27.6 ± 7.8 26.4 ± 7.8 0.806
Muscle mass (kg) 35.9 ± 2.7 36.0 ± 2.8 36.2 ± 3.4 35.3 ± 3.0 0.220
Water mass (kg) 27.5 ± 2.6 27.3 ± 2.9 27.8 ± 3.5 26.9 ± 2.8 0.211
Waist circumference (cm) 78.8 ± 9.0 77.2 ± 9.5 80.1 ± 9.8 77.6 ± 10.2 0.516
Hip circumference (cm) 92.0 ± 5.8 91.1 ± 6.2 91.5 ± 6.1 90.5 ± 7.2 0.295
Waist-hip ratio (%) 85.5 ± 6.0 84.5 ± 6.3 87.4 ± 6.4 85.6 ± 6.8 0.013
Systolic pressure (mmHg) 122.2 ± 14.5 124.1 ± 17.9 126.8 ± 14.9 127.7 ± 16.8 0.021
Diastolic pressure (mmHg) 78.5 ± 10.1 78.6 ± 12.2 81.8 ± 11.0 82.3 ± 11.6 0.007
Pulse rate (min-1) 61.7 ± 9.6 62.2 ± 8.0 64.2 ± 10.9 65.4 ± 12.6 0.015
Cardio-ankle vascular index 7.5 ± 0.8 7.5 ± 0.8 7.5 ± 0.8 7.5 ± 0.7 0.944
Daily alcohol consumption (%) 8.6 10.9 17.5 10.6 0.184
Smoking (%) 6.6 12.7 17.2 15.9 0.046
Regular exercise (%) 52.2 39.4 51.0 27.8 < 0.001
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation.
  2. Statistical analyses were performed using one-way analysis of variance and chi-square tests.