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Table 4 Average physical and psychological symptom scores of the 4 clusters (N = 491)

From: Subgrouping of Japanese middle-aged women attending a menopause clinic using physical and psychological symptom profiles: a cross-sectional study

  CL8 CL6 CL5 CL4 P
(N = 162) (N = 111) (N = 102) (N = 116)
Physical health domain      
Nausea 0.0 ± 0.2 0.3 ± 0.7 0.5 ± 1.0 0.6 ± 1.0 < 0.0001
Dizziness 0.2 ± 0.5 0.7 ± 0.9 0.6 ± 1.0 0.7 ± 1.0 < 0.0001
Numbness 0.4 ± 1.0 0.8 ± 1.1 0.8 ± 1.2 1.1 ± 1.3 < 0.0001
Muscle and joint pains 1.6 ± 1.2 2.3 ± 1.0 2.2 ± 1.1 2.3 ± 1.1 < 0.0001
Tiredness 1.0 ± 1.0 2.2 ± 0.9 2.0 ± 1.1 2.6 ± 0.9 < 0.0001
Headaches 0.4 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 1.0 1.0 ± 1.1 1.3 ± 1.2 < 0.0001
Frequent Urination 0.6 ± 1.0 0.9 ± 1.2 1.3 ± 1.3 1.3 ± 1.4 < 0.0001
Hot flush 0.5 ± 0.9 0.6 ± 0.9 2.1 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 1.2 < 0.0001
Night sweats 0.1 ± 0.4 0.2 ± 0.5 2.0 ± 1.1 1.3 ± 1.2 < 0.0001
Mental health domain      
Loss of interest in things 0.1 ± 0.4 0.7 ± 0.9 0.7 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 1.1 < 0.0001
Lack of enjoyment 0.0 ± 0.2 0.8 ± 0.7 0.5 ± 0.6 2.6 ± 0.8 < 0.0001
Low energy 0.1 ± 0.3 1.3 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 0.8 2.8 ± 0.5 < 0.0001
Depressed mood 0.2 ± 0.4 1.5 ± 0.8 0.9 ± 0.8 2.9 ± 0.4 < 0.0001
Poor memory 0.8 ± 0.9 1.3 ± 1.0 1.3 ± 1.0 1.7 ± 1.1 < 0.0001
Difficulty in concentration 0.8 ± 0.9 1.3 ± 1.0 1.3 ± 1.0 1.7 ± 1.1 < 0.0001
Frightened/panicky feelings 0.3 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 1.0 1.1 ± 0.9 2.2 ± 1.0 < 0.0001
Feel tense/wound up 0.3 ± 0.6 0.8 ± 1.0 0.9 ± 1.1 1.8 ± 1.2 < 0.0001
Dissatisfaction with sexual relationship 0.1 ± 0.5 0.3 ± 0.7 0.4 ± 0.9 0.4 ± 0.9 0.0134
Difficulty in initiating sleep 0.4 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 1.0 1.6 ± 1.2 1.7 ± 1.3 < 0.0001
Non-restorative sleep 0.5 ± 0.9 1.3 ± 1.2 1.7 ± 1.2 2.0 ± 1.1 < 0.0001
Low self-esteem 0.5 ± 0.8 1.4 ± 1.2 1.1 ± 1.1 2.1 ± 1.2 < 0.0001
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation.
  2. Statistical analyses were performed using the Kruskal-Wallis test.