Skip to main content

Table 1 Genital injuries by location

From: Genito-anal injury patterns and associated factors in rape survivors in an urban province of South Africa: a cross-sectional study

Gynaecological examination# Total (N = 1472)* Clitorus and frenulum (N = 80)# Urethral orifice and paraurethral folds (N = 139)# Labias majora and minora(N = 235)# Posterior fouchette (N = 451)# Fossa navicularis (N = 217)# Perineum (N = 79)# Hymen (N = 666)# Vagina (n = 188)# Cervix (N = 70)#
Scratches/abrasions/tears 535 (36.3%) 35 (43.8%) 65 (46.8%) 126 (53.6%) 364 (80.7%) 130 (59.9%) 62 (78.5%) 237 (35.6%) 97 (51.6%) 19 (27.1%)
Cuts 20 (1.4%) 1 (1.3%) 5 (3.6%) 8 (3.4%) 10 (2.2%) 5 (2.3%) 5 (6.3%) 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.5%) 0 (0.0%)
Bruising/haematoma 254 (17.3%) 32 (40.0%) 48 (34.5%) 75 (31.9%) 140 (31.0%) 100 (22.2%) 38 (48.1%) 119 (17.9%) 47 (25.0%) 15 (21.4%)
Bleeding 145 (9.9%) 14 (17.5%) 22 (15.8%) 29 (12.3%) 57 (12.6%) 15 (6.9%) 14 (17.7%) 58 (8.7%) 79 (42.0%) 52 (74.3%)
Hymenal clefts         63 (9.5%)   
Hymen swollen         138 (20.7%)   
Scars from? assault 78 (5.3%) 4 (5.0%) 11 (7.9%) 17 (7.2%) 66 (14.6%) 11 (5.1%) 5 (6.3%) 12 (1.8%) 1 (0.5%) 0 (0.0%)
Redness/inflammation 238 (16.2%) 62 (77.5%) 107 (77.0%) 139 (59.2%) 106 (23.5%) 86 (39.6%) 36 (45.6%) 24 (3.6%) 19 (10.1%) 10 (14.3%)
Tenderness/pain 76 (5.2%) 7 (8.9%) 6 (4.3%) 16 (6.8%) 16 (3.5%) 12 (5.5%) 6 (7.6%) 36 (5.4%) 51 (27.1%) 4 (5.7%)
  1. *Total sample size includes all patients who underwent a gynecological examination.
  2. #Total number of patients who had injuries recorded at a specific site, for which type of injuries are presented in the rows. Patients could have injuries at more than one site, and could have more than one type of injury per site. Each cell in the table represents the proportion of patients who had injuries reported of a specific type at a specific site.