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Table 2 Perception of cervical cancer and Practice of its screening

From: Effects of peer health education on perception and practice of screening for cervical cancer among urban residential women in south-east Nigeria: a before and after study

Perception variables Pre-intervention (N = 285); n (%) Post-intervention (N = 283); n (%) p-value
Perception of severity
 Not severe 153 (53.7) 0 -
 As serious as other cancers 131 (45.9) 219 (77.4) <0.001
 Less severe than other cancers 1 (0.4) 64 (22.6) <0.001
Individual risk perception
 At risk 74 (26) 113 (40) 0.01
 Not at risk 211 (74) 170 (60) 0.01
Perception of benefit of screening
 Not beneficial 98 (34.4) 33 (11.7) 0.001
 Highly beneficial 145 (50.9) 195(68.9) 0.01
 Slightly beneficial 42 (14.7) 55 (19.4) 0.17
Willing to screen for cervical cancer 226 (79.3) 228 (80.8) 0.52
Screened for cervical cancer 30 (10.5) 49 (17.3) 0.02
 • Screening method
    Pap smear test 27 (9.5) 45 (15.9) 0.02
    Others (VILI and VIA) 3 (1.0) 4 (1.4) 0.69
Reasons for not screening 15 (5.3)   
Fear of positive result   40 (14.1) <0.001
Do not have symptoms 85 (29.9) 104 (36.7) 0.07
Cost of screening 12 (4.3) 24 (8.5) 0.06
Distance of screening center 37 (13) 46 (16.2) 0.3
Fear of pain 9 (3.2) 0 (0) 0.001
Don’t know screening tests 118 (41.4) 0 (0) 0.001
Don’t know where to screen - 81 (28.6) 0.001