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Table 1 Characteristics and personality trait T-scores of responders and dropouts at the first visit at the clinic (baseline) and at follow-up after the abortion

From: Neuroticism-related personality traits are associated with posttraumatic stress after abortion: findings from a Swedish multi-center cohort study

  Baseline 3 month follow up   6 month follow up  
Variable All
(n = 1294)
Respondersa
(n = 668)
Dropoutsa
(n = 551)
p-value Responders
(n = 576)b
Dropouts
(n = 98)
p-value
Age     <0.01    ns
 15–19 115 (8.9) 49 (7.3) 58 (10.5)   41 (7.1) 8 (8.2)  
 20–24 385 (29.8) 184 (27.3) 185 (33.6)   153 (26.6) 31 (31.6)  
 25–34 516 (39.9) 277 (41.1) 209 (37.9)   239 (41.5) 38 (38.8)  
 35–52 278 (21.5) 164 (24.3) 99 (18.0)   143 (24.8) 21 (21.4)  
Living alone 328 (26.2) 160 (24.3) 146 (27.8) ns 133 (23.6) 27 (28.1) ns
Education < 12 years 885 (68.9) 423 (63.0) 416 (76.3) <0.001 352 (61.4) 71 (72.4) <0.05
Occupation     ns    ns
 Working full time 514 (41.0) 270 (41.1) 212 (40.0)   225 (40.1) 45 (46.9)  
 Working part time 245 (19.5) 139 (21.2) 91 (17.2)   128 (22.8) 11 (11.5)  
 Student 309 (24.6) 158 (24.0) 137 (25.8)   133 (23.7) 25 (26.0)  
 Other occupation 187 (14.9) 90 (13.7) 90 (17.0)   75 (13.4) 15 (15.6)  
Anxiety symptoms 544 (42.4) 257 (38.4) 255 (46.8) <0.01 217 (37.9) 40 (41.7) ns
Depression symptoms 404 (31.5) 197 (29.4) 180 (33.0) ns 167 (29.1) 30 (31.3) ns
Antidepressant use 90 (7.3) 38 (5.8) 47 (9.2) <0.05 33 (5.9) 5 (5.3) ns
Alcohol use 1033 (80.1) 550 (81.6) 428 (78.2) ns 466 (80.9) 84 (85.7) ns
Tobacco use 499 (38.7) 222 (33.0) 254 (46.4) <0.001 181 (31.5) 41 (41.8) <0.05
Foreign born 104 (8.1) 41 (6.1) 49 (9.0) ns 37 (6.4) 4 (4.1) ns
No children 672 (56.0) 350 (54.8) 281 (56.1) ns 301 (55.2) 49 (52.1) ns
Previous abortion 448 (38.6) 208 (33.5) 211 (43.9) <0.001 165 (31.3) 43 (46.2) <0.01
Abortion method     ns    <0.05
 Medical 1002 (81.9) 543 (83.4) 418 (82.1)   471 (84.7) 72 (75.8)  
 Surgical 221 (18.1) 108 (16.6) 91 (17.9)   85 (15.3) 23 (24.2)  
Place of abortion     ns    ns
 Home 645 (52.9) 360 (55.5) 274 (54.0)   310 (55.9) 50 (53.2)  
 Clinic 574 (47.1) 289 (44.5) 233 (46.0)   245 (44.1) 44 (46.8)  
Counseling before abortion 464 (40.3) 280 (45.6) 181 (38.2) <0.05 244 (46.6) 36 (40.0) ns
Counseling after abortion 32 (2.8) 18 (2.9) 11 (2.3) ns 17 (3.3) 1 (1.1) ns
Neuroticism factor        
 Somatic trait anxiety 51.8 ± 10.2 50.8 ± 9.9 52.7 ± 10.4 <0.004 50.5 ± 9.7 52.9 ± 11.0 ns
 Psychic trait anxiety 49.6 ± 10.1 49.4 ± 10.1 49.8 ± 10.1 ns 49.5 ± 10.1 48.9 ± 10.1 ns
 Stress susceptibility 52.8 ± 11.3 51.9 ± 11.2 53.7 ± 11.5 <0.004 51.8 ± 11.1 52.4 ± 11.6 ns
 Lack of assertiveness 50.1 ± 10.0 50.6 ± 10.3 49.7 ± 9.9 ns 50.8 ± 10.2 49.2 ± 10.6 ns
 Embitterment, 54.1 ± 12.2 53.1 ± 12.1 55.3 ± 12.3 <0.004 52.9 ± 12.2 54.0 ± 11.4 ns
 Mistrust 51.8 ± 12.4 50.4 ± 12.0 53.5 ± 12.8 <0.004 50.4 ± 12.1 50.5 ± 11.7 ns
Aggressiveness factor        
 Social desirability 49.5 ± 10.4 50.1 ± 10.1 49.2 ± 10.7 ns 50.2 ± 10.2 49.9 ± 9.4 ns
 Trait irritability 52.0 ± 11.6 51.1 ± 11.6 52.5 ± 11.6 ns 50.8 ± 11.5 53.0 ± 11.9 ns
 Verbal trait aggression 52.1 ± 10.5 51.1 ± 10.3 52.9 ± 10.3 <0.004 50.9 ± 10.3 52.4 ± 10.4 ns
 Physical trait aggression 49.1 ± 11.1 47.8 ± 10.7 50.3 ± 11.3 <0.004 47.6 ± 10.7 49.3 ± 10.9 ns
Extraversion factor        
 Impulsiveness 53.0 ± 10.2 52.4 ± 10.1 53.5 ± 10.3 ns 52.0 ± 9.9 55.1 ± 10.6 ns
 Adventure seeking 52.5 ± 9.2 51.6 ± 9.2 53.3 ± 9.2 <0.004 51.2 ± 9.1 54.0 ± 8.9 ns
 Detachment 48.1 ± 9.4 47.5 ± 9.3 48.7 ± 9.5 ns 47.6 ± 9.4 47.0 ± 8.8 ns
Neuroticism factor 310 ± 52 306 ± 52 315 ± 53 ns 306 ± 51 308 ± 54 ns
Aggressive factor 104 ± 34 100 ± 33 107 ± 35 <0.017 99 ± 33 105 ± 32 ns
Extraversion factor 57 ± 19 57 ± 19 58 ± 19 ns 56 ± 19 62 ± 19 <0.017
  1. The bivariate analysis were performed by Chi2 test. Data are displayed in numbers (n) and percentages (%). Frequencies are given in relation to available information or responses. Missing information was prevalent in 0.1% (age) -13% (counselling after abortion). The personality trait scores were analysed by Independent t-test. Data are displayed in mean (M) and Standard Deviation (±SD)
  2. a69 participants at baseline were not dropouts; they were never asked to participate at follow-up and therefore were excluded from the analyses
  3. bIncluding 6 responders who were non-responders at the 3-month follow-up
  4. *p < 0.004 for personality trait scores and p < 0.017 for personality factors, according to independent T-tests and Bonferroni correction