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Table 2 Participant Characteristics

From: Why women choose compounded bioidentical hormone therapy: lessons from a qualitative study of menopausal decision-making

  Pseudonym Race Ethnicity Occupation (self-report) Education level Menopausalstatus Conventional HT a Herbal or Dietary Supplements CBHT Clinicianb Type of CBHTc Duration of CBHT (at interview) Primary Menopause Information Sources Reason for stopping CBHT
Current CBHT Users Liz white Teacher Bachelors Degree Perimenopause Never Current CNM E & P 2 months Trusted health care providers. Internet. Health food stores. Books (Christiane Northrup). n/a
Francis white Therapist Bachelors Degree Postmenopause Never Current MD; Nurse Practitioner E, P, DHEA Several years Social and professional networks. n/a
Kristina white Unemployed Graduate Degree Postmenopause Never Current CNM P 6–7 years Health care provider. Books (Susun Weed) n/a
Deborah white Preschool Director Bachelors Degree Perimenopause Never Never Naturopath E & P 2 years Friends. Trusted health care provider. Books. Health seminars. Media. Health food stores. n/a
Bev white Certified Nurse Midwife Graduate Degree Postmenopause Never Prior Self (CNM) E & P 6 wks Media. Medical journals. Friends. Other health care professionals. n/a
Dorothy white Manager High School Postmenopause Never Prior MD E, P, T, DHEA 6–7 years Friends. Health food store. n/a
Edria African-American Retired (researcher) Graduate Degree Postmenopause Never Prior MD E & P 1 year Medical literature. n/a
Sydney white Self-employed Graduate Degree Postmenopause Prior Current MD E, P, T Several years Internet. Podcasts. Friends. Health care providers. n/a
Sandra white Substitute Teacher Graduate Degree Postmenopause Prior Prior MD (menopause specialist) T (also using FDA-approved E & P) 6 months Books. Internet. Friends. n/a
Peg white Physical Therapist Bachelors Degree Postmenopause Prior Prior Naturopath E & P 12 years Friends. Books (Northrup). Media. n/a
Ann white Fitness Instructor Some College Postmenopause Never Prior MD (anti-aging specialist) E, P, T, DHEA 1.5 years Internet. Friends. Health care providers. n/a
Former CBHT Users Kris white Self-employed Graduate Degree Hysterectomy Current: FDA-approved BHT Prior MD P Several years Internet. Ineffective; Concern about risk of HT
Mary white PhD researcher Graduate Degree Postmenopause Never Current MD P (also has unfilled Rx for T) Briefly Internet. Doctor. Ineffective; Switched to herbal Progesterone cream.
Rebecca white Retail Bachelors Degree Postmenopause Never Current Nurse Practitioner E & P 1 year Health food store. Books (Weed). Negative side effects - stomach, skin, HPV diagnosis
Joan white Behavioral Health Counselor Graduate Degree Postmenopause Never Never MD E & P 1–2 years Health professionals. Friends. Partner. Concern about risk of HT
Sheree African-American City Government Some College Postmenopause Never Never MD (women’s health specialist) P 1.5 years Friends. Critical reading of medical literature. Symptoms abated; did not refill Rx
Patsy white Retired (nurse) Graduate Degree Postmenopause Never Never Internet provider E & P 5 years Internet. Books (Northrup). Concern about risk of HT
Karen white Naturopath Graduate Degree Postmenopause Never Prior Self (Naturopath) E & P 3 wks Internet (WebMD, Mayo Clinic). Medical journals. Medical conferences. Friends. Negative side effects - lightheadedness
Patricia Latina Federal Investigator Some College Perimenopause Never Prior Naturopath E & P 4 months Health care providers. Media. Negative side effects - weight gain, breast tenderness
Susan white Professor Graduate Degree Perimenopause Never Prior MD E & P Several months Internet. Friends. Sister. Symptoms abated; did not refill Rx
Kathleen white Self-employed Graduate Degree Perimenopause Never Prior Naturopath P Several months Internet. Books (Northrup). Ineffective
  1. aHT = hormone therapy
  2. bCBHT = compounded bioidentical hormone therapy; CNM = Certified Nurse Midwife; MD = Medical Doctor
  3. cE = estrogen; P = progesterone; T = testosterone; DHEA = dehydroepiandrosterone