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Table 2 Management of menstruation among 351 girls who had passed menarche

From: Menstrual health and school absenteeism among adolescent girls in Uganda (MENISCUS): a feasibility study

Characteristic Government low SES Government high SES Private low SES Private high SES All schools
N 165 80 54 52 351
Protection used during last period
 Disposable manufactured pads 142 (86.1%) 69 (86.3%) 47 (85.5%) 47 (90.4%) 305 (86.7%)
 Tampons 7 (4.2%) 5 (6.3%) 1 (1.8%) 3 (5.7%) 16 (4.6%)
 Locally-made manufactured re-usable pads 27 (16.4%) 3 (3.8%) 10 (18.2%) 4 (7.7%) 44 (12.5%)
 Old clothes 31 (18.8%) 5 (6.3%) 7 (12.7%) 1 (1.9%) 44 (12.5%)
 Toilet paper 20 (12.1%) 6 (7.5%) 6 (10.9%) 1 (1.9%) 33 (9.4%)
 Cotton wool 26 (15.8%) 6 (7.5%) 8 (14.6%) 1 (1.9%) 41 (11.7%)
 Underwear only 16 (9.7%) 6 (6.3%) 8 (14.6%) 1 (1.9%) 30 (8.5%)
Times changed protection per 24 h during last period
 Once 5 (3.1%) 8 (10.3%) 4 (7.4%) 1 (2.0%) 18 (3.3%)
 Twice 45 (28.0%) 31 (39.7%) 23 (42.6%) 12 (24.5%) 111 (32.5%)
 Three times 82 (50.9%) 34 (43.6%) 16 (29.6%) 19 (38.8%) 151 (44.2%)
 Four times 20 (12.4%) 5 (6.4%) 6 (11.1%) 9 (18.4%) 40 (11.7%)
  > =5 times 9 (5.6%) 0 (0%) 5 (9.3%) 8 (16.3%) 22 (6.4%)
Ever had menstrual accident with blood leaking to clothes
 Evera 114 (69.1%) 55 (68.8%) 30 (55.6%) 26 (51.0%) 225 (64.3%)
 During last period 32 (19.5%) 16 (20.3%) 6 (11.1%) 10 (22.2%) 64 (18.7%)
Re-usable/washable protection (i.e. Clothes, reusable pads or other washable protection)
 Use re-usable/washable protectionb 80 (52.0%) 14 (20.3%) 16 (29.6%) 7 (17.5%) 117 (36.9%)
 Wash material water & soapb 75 (93.8%) 13 (92.9%) 15 (93.8%) 6 (85.7%) 109 (93.2%)
 Share materialb,c 5 (6.7%) 3 (23.1%) 4 (25.0%) 0 (0%) 12 (10.3%)
 Dry material outside b,d 20 (25.0%) 3 (21.4%) 5 (31.3%) 5 (71.4%) 41 (23.4%)
Disposable protection
 Ever used disposable pads or tamponse 149 (90.3%) 68 (85.0%) 51 (94.4%) 45 (94.4%) 313 (89.2%)
 Use them every day of perioda, f 109 (73.7%) 56 (82.4%) 35 (70.0%) 39 (92.3%) 239 (77.6%)
 Would try a re-usable pad 127 (85.2%) 39 (59.1%) 37 (72.6%) 31 (70.5%) 234 (75.5%)
Reason for choosing disposable padsc
 Less worry about leaksg 124 (84.4%) 48 (75.0%) 26 (51.0%) 35 (79.6%) 233 (76.1%)
 More comfortableh 134 (90.4%) 57 (86.4%) 41 (80.4%) 38 (86.4%) 270 (87.4%)
 Easier disposablei 111 (74.5%) 53 (77.9%) 32 (62.8%) 31 (68.9%) 227 (72.5%)
 No need to wash/dryj 125 (86.2%) 58 (86.6%) 41 (80.4%) 33 (76.7%) 257 (84.0%)
 More modernk 48 (33.8%) 16 (25.8) 12 (23.5%) 13 (32.5%) 89 (30.17%)
  1. aMissing data for 3 participants
  2. bIn general, not in the last period. This includes re-usable pads, old clothes, knickers
  3. cMissing data for 6 participants
  4. dMissing data for 1 participant
  5. eMissing for 4 participants
  6. fAmong those who reported ever using disposable pads or tampons
  7. gMissing for 7 participants
  8. hMissing for 4 participants
  9. iMissing for 11 participants
  10. jMissing for 7 participants
  11. kCloths are viewed as traditional and associated with low income. Missing for 18 participants