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Table 2 Characteristics and impact of menstrual pain on respondents

From: Prevalence of dysmenorrhea among University students in Northern Ghana; its impact and management strategies

Variable Subgroup Number of respondents Percentage
Presence of dysmenorrhea Yes 245 83.6
No 48 16.4
Verbal description of pain Mild 52 21.2
Moderate 138 56.3
Severe 55 22.4
When pain begins Before blood begins to flow 143 58.4
During the menstrual flow 98 40.0
After blood had stopped 0 0.0
Does pain affect daily activities Yes 150 61.2
No 95 38.8
How long pain persists (n = 234) <  3 days 123 52.6
3 to 5 days 100 42.7
>  5 days 11 4.7
Activities affected by menstrual pain (n = 147) Household chores 82 55.8
Attendance of lectures 104 70.7
Concentration at lectures 65 44.2
Disturbed Sleep 60 40.8
Do you experience other symptoms (n = 270) Yes 184 62.8
No 86 29.4
Other menstruation associated symptoms experienced Body weakness 15 8.2
Diarrhoea 29 15.8
Breast changes 72 39.1
Fever 10 5.4
Headache 34 18.5
Increased appetite 10 5.4
Irritable 8 4.3
Lethargy 40 21.7
Loss of appetite 35 19.0
Mood swings 9 4.9
Nausea 37 20.1
Pains 29 15.8
Restlessness 5 2.7
Vomiting 19 10.3
Others 22 12.0
Ever taken pain to hospital? Yes 40 16.3
No 197 80.4