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Table 3 Knowledge and behavioural indicators related to HIV/AIDS in women of reproductive age, 2011 and 2015, Trident copper mining project, Northwestern province, Zambia

From: Selected indicators and determinants of women’s health in the vicinity of a copper mine development in northwestern Zambia

Indicator n % of women with comprehensive knowledge on HIV/AIDS1 % of women who believe HIV can be transmitted by witchcraft or supernatural means % of women who have ever tested for HIV
2011 2015 2011 2015 2011 2015 2011 2015
Health road show
 Did not participate n/a 287 n/a 37.2 (31.6–43.1) n/a 12.1 (8.6–16.5) n/a 74.9 (69.4–79.8)
 Participated n/a 319 n/a 31.3 (26.2–36.7) n/a 17.8 (13.8–22.5) n/a 94.0 (90.8–96.3)
Education
 No education 100 345 25.0 (16.8–34.6) 26.6 (22.0–31.6) 33 (23.9–43.1) 16.2 (12.5–20.5) ɸ 71 (61.0–79.6) 81.4 (76.9–85.4)
 Primary school 186 207 26.8 (20.6–33.8) 37.6 (31.0–44.6) 22.5 (16.7–29.2) 13.5 (9.2–18.9) 77.4 (70.7–83.2) 88.4 (83.2–92.4)
 Secondary or higher 0 54 n/a 68.5 (54.4–80.4) n/a 14.8 (6.6–27.1) n/a 94.4 (84.6–98.8)
FQML or contractor employment within the HH
 No n/a 422 n/a 32.4 (28.0–37.1) n/a 13.2 (10.1–16.8) n/a 80.8 (76.7–84.4)
 Yes n/a 184 n/a 38.0 (31.0–45.4) n/a 19.5 (14.0–26.0) n/a 94.5 (90.2–97.3)
Resettlement
 No n/a 527 n/a 33.3 (29.3–37.6) n/a 15.5 (12.5–18.9) n/a 83.4 (80.0–86.5)
 Yes n/a 79 n/a 39.2 (28.4–50.8) n/a 12.6 (6.2–22.0) n/a 94.9 (87.5–98.6)
Migration background
 No n/a 447 n/a 31.0 (26.8–35.6) n/a 14.9 (11.8–18.6) n/a 82.5 (78.7–85.9)
 Yes n/a 159 n/a 42.7 (34.9–50.8) n/a 15.7 (10.4–22.3) n/a 91.8 (86.4–95.5)
Asset-based wealth index
 Poorest n/a 167 n/a 26.3 (19.8–33.7) n/a 17.9 (12.4–24.6) n/a 74.8 (67.5–81.2)
 Second n/a 132 n/a 27.2 (19.8–35.7) n/a 15.9 (10.1–23.2) n/a 85.6 (78.4–91.1)
 Third n/a 152 n/a 33.5 (26.1–41.6) n/a 11.8 (7.2–18.0) n/a 87.5 (81.1–92.3)
 Richest n/a 155 n/a 49.0 (40.9–57.1) n/a 14.8 (9.6–21.4) n/a 92.9 (87.6–96.4)
Health facility within the community
 No 67 107 32.8 (21.8–45.3) 26.1 (18.1–35.5) 19.4 (10.7–30.8) 21.4 (14.1–30.4) 77.6 (65.7–86.8) 79.4 (70.5–86.6)
 Yes 219 499 24.2 (18.6–30.4) 35.8 (31.6–40.2) ɸ 28.3 (22.4–34.7) 13.8 (10.9–17.1) ɸ 74.4 (68.1–80.0) 86.3 (83.0–89.2) ɸ
Impact
 Impacted 255 421 26.2 (20.9–32.1) 32.7 (28.3–37.4) 26.6 (21.3–32.5) 16.6 (13.1–20.5) ɸ 76.0 (70.3–81.1) 90.0 (86.7–92.7) ɸ
 Comparison 31 185 25.8 (11.8–44.6) 37.2 (30.3–44.6) 22.5 (9.59–41.0) 11.8 (7.6–17.4) 67.7 (48.6–83.3) 73.5 (66.5–79.7)
Total 286 606 26.2 (21.2–31.7) 34.1 (30.3–38.0) 26.2 (21.2–31.7) 15.1 (12.4–18.2) ɸ 75.1 (69.7–80.0) 84.9 (81.8–87.7) ɸ
  1. FQML, First Quantum Minerals Limited; HH, household; n/a, not available
  2. 1Knowing that consistent use of condoms during sexual intercourse and having just one uninfected faithful partner can reduce the chance of getting HIV, knowing that a healthy-looking person can have HIV, and rejecting the two most common local misconceptions, i.e. HIV can be transmitted by mosquito bites or supernatural means
  3. ɸSignificant difference between 2011 and 2015
  4. Significant difference between population sub-groups in 2015