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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariable analysis of factors associated with modern contraceptive utilization among sexually active reproductive age women attending ART clinic in Amhara region referral hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 421)

From: The role of counseling on modern contraceptive utilization among HIV positive women: the case of Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Modern contraceptive utilization Odds ratio (OR) (95% CI)  
Yes No Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) p-value
Age
 15–24 20 13 3.4 (1.5, 7.3) 6.5 (2, 21) 0.002
 25–34 127 87 3.2 (2.1, 4.9) 3 (1.6, 5.5) 0.000
  ≥ 35 54 120 1 1  
Residence
 Urban 173 208 0.36 (0.18, 0.72) 0.095 (0.03, 0.28) 0.000
 Rural 28 12 1 1  
Marital status
 Married 155 58 1 1  
 Single 18 32 0.2 (0.1, 0.4) 1.7 (0.5, 5.5) 0.35
 Divorced/Widowed 28 130 0.08 (0.04, 0.13) 0.4 (0.2, 1.06) 0.065
Fertility desire
 Yes 94 74 1.7 (1.17, 2.57) 0.5 (0.3, 1) 0.059
 No/I don’t know 107 146 1 1  
Discussion with partner
 Yes 168 53 16 (9.8, 26) 13 (5.3, 31.9) 0.000
 No/No partner 33 167 1 1  
Received counseling
 Yes 191 175 4.9 (2.4,10) 4.8 (1.8, 13.03) 0.002
 No 10 45 1 1  
Previous contraceptive utilization
 Yes 184 135 6.8 (3.87,12) 5.6 (2.6, 12.3) 0.000
 No 17 85 1 1  
CD4 count
  ≤ 500 98 136 1 1  
  > 500 103 84 1.7 (1.1, 2.5) 2.4 (1.3, 4.3) 0.002