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Table 2 Agreement within couples on contraceptive use, communication with spouse on contraception within last 3 months, and ideal family size, N = 867 couples excluding those with pregnant women

From: Spousal discordance on reports of contraceptive communication, contraceptive use, and ideal family size in rural India: a cross-sectional study

  Concordant Yes Concordant No Women+ Discordant Men+ Discordant Kappa Agreement1
Contraceptive Use 17% 68% 5% 10% 0.59 (0.53–0.65) Moderate
Methods used
 Pills 7% 87% 4% 2% 0.64 (0.55–0.72) Substantial
 IUD 2% 98% 0% 0% 0.91(0.84–1.00) Almost Perfect
 Male condom 10% 76% 3% 11% 0.51 (0.44–0.58) Moderate
Contraceptive Communication 18% 46% 27% 9% 0.25 (0.19–0.31) Fair
  Mean Women Mean Men Avg Diff   CCC  
Optimal number of children 2.04 2.09 0.06   0.30 (0.24–0.35) Fair
(SD 0.42) (SD 0.53) (SD 0.57)
Range (1,4) (0,5) (−2,3)
  Women+Discordant Men+ Discordant Concordant    
Fertility Preferences 11% 15% 74%