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Table 6 Odds ratios (95% CI) from a multivariate logistic regression analysis and a multinomial logistic regression analysis looking at the predictors of differences in reported current contraceptive use within couples, rural Maharashtra India, N = 843 couples, excluding contraceptive communication

From: Spousal discordance on reports of contraceptive communication, contraceptive use, and ideal family size in rural India: a cross-sectional study

  Multivariate logistic regression Multinomial multivariate logistic regression
Model 1 Model 2
Discordant vs concordant Concordant contraceptive use Discordant Men+ contraceptive use Discordant Women+ contraceptive use
Fertility Preferences: (ref concordant)
 Discordant Men+ preferences 0.77 (0.41, 1.41) 0.72 (0.39, 1.34) 0.49* (0.21, 1.11) 1.55 (0.59, 4.07)
 Discordant Women+ preferences 1.91** (1.05, 3.42) 0.90 (0.44, 1.83) 1.42 (0.66, 3.04) 3.14** (1.20, 8.26)
Women’s empowerment
 Equality in fertility decision-making 1.58* (0.99, 2.55) 2.34*** (1.42, 3.87) 1.56 (0.89, 2.76) 2.76** (1.15, 6.65)
 Wife’s Autonomy 1.03 (0.86, 1.23) 1.23** (1.00, 1.50) 1.04 (0.84, 1.29) 1.16 (0.82, 1.64)
 Wife’s Educ in years 1.10** (1.02, 1.19) 1.12*** (1.04, 1.21) 1.14*** (1.04, 1.25) 1.17** (1.02, 1.33)
 Wife’s Contraceptive familiarity 1.12* (1.00, 1.25) 1.10 (0.98, 1.23) 1.07 (0.93, 1.24) 1.32*** (1.09, 1.60)
Covariates
 Contraceptive familiarity H # reported H 0.94 (0.79, 1.11) 1.23** (1.03, 1.46) 1.07 (0.86, 1.33) 0.96 (0.70, 1.32)
 Extended Family 0.81 (0.48, 1.37) 0.61* (0.36, 1.05) 0.74 (0.38, 1.41) 0.54 (0.22, 1.32)
 Arranged Marriage 2.00** (1.13, 3.69) 0.59* (0.35, 1.01) 1.83 (0.84, 3.99) 1.01 (0.38, 2.67)
 Number of Children 1.77*** (1.29, 2.43) 1.83*** (1.33, 2.51) 2.32*** (1.56, 3.44) 1.66* (0.96, 2.88)
 Wife’s Age in years 0.89** (0.78, 1.00) 1.02 (0.90, 1.15) 0.81*** (0.69, 0.95) 1.00 (0.82, 1.22)
 Husband’s Age in years 0.98 (0.88, 1.09) 1.03 (0.92, 1.15) 0.99 (0.87, 1.12) 1.04 (0.86, 1.27)
 Husband’s Educ in years 1.09** (1.01, 1.18) 1.13*** (1.04, 1.22) 1.18*** (1.07, 1.30) 1.00 (0.87, 1.15)
 House size # of rooms 0.91 (0.76, 1.08) 1.04 (0.88, 1.23) 0.96 (0.77, 1.19) 0.78 (0.55, 1.09)
 Wife’s income activity 0.54** (0.29, 0.94) 0.87 (0.49, 1.53) 0.72 (0.36, 1.42) 0.33* (0.10, 1.09)
 Food insecurity Yes 1.21 (0.57, 2.45) 0.89 (0.39, 2.00) 1.28 (0.54, 3.01) 1.03 (0.25, 4.33)
 Caste: (ref Scheduled caste)
  Scheduled Tribe 0.80 (0.32, 2.10) 3.38** (1.19, 9.60) 1.26 (0.42, 3.78) 0.97 (0.13, 7.16)
  OBC 0.80 (0.30, 2.25) 4.26** (1.36, 13.34) 0.96 (0.29, 3.21) 2.28 (0.28, 18.69)
  Other 0.52 (0.17, 1.61) 3.98** (1.19, 13.32) 0.74 (0.19, 2.86) 1.15 (0.14, 9.75)
  1. *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.001, all estimates are adjusted for all other variables in the model