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Table 2 Knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs related to tobacco and khat use

From: An exploratory study of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs related to tobacco use and secondhand smoke among women in Aleta Wondo, Ethiopia

N = 353   
Variable n %
Cigarette use
 Think it is acceptable for women to smoke (% “yes”, “it depends”, “don’t know”) 9 (2.6)
Smokeless tobacco product use
 Think it is acceptable for women to use (% “yes”, “it depends”, “don’t know”) 7 (2.1)
Khat use
 Think it is acceptable for women to chew khat (% “yes”, “it depends”, “don’t know”) 12 (3.4)
Cigarette harm perceptions
Think cigarette smoking harms woman’s health (% yes) 346 (98.0)
Specific diseases/conditions named:a
  Lung disease (unspecified) 249 (70.5)
  Coughing 102 (28.9)
  Respiratory/breathing problems 76 (21.5)
  Cancer – lung 51 (14.4)
  Addiction 48 (13.6)
  Heart disease 48 (13.6)
  Don’t know 34 (9.6)
Think cigarette smoking during pregnancy harms unborn baby (% yes) 334 (94.6)
Specific diseases/conditions named:a
  Lower birth weight 129 (36.5)
  Lung disease/Respiratory problem - unspecified 67 (19.0)
  Abnormal/ “sickly” baby – unspecified 14 (4.0)
  Don’t know 128 (36.3)
Think secondhand smoke is harmful (% yes) 344 (97.5)
Specific diseases/conditions named:a
  Lung disease – unspecified 182 (51.6)
  Respiratory/breathing problems 70 (19.8)
  Headache/dizziness 29 (8.2)
  Heart disease 29 (8.2)
  Lung cancer 16 (4.5)
  Nausea/vomiting 15 (4.2)
  Don’t know 86 (24.4)
Smokeless tobacco harm perceptions
 Think a woman who uses smokeless tobacco harms her health (% yes) 331 (93.8)
 Think a mother who uses smokeless tobacco harms her unborn baby (% yes) 333 (94.6)
Perceptions related to addiction
 Think once someone started smoking cigarettes it would be difficult to quit (% yes) 283 (80.2)
Perceptions related to tobacco use and religion
How much influence does your religion have on your attitude toward tobacco use?b
 “A lot” 257 (73.2)
 “Somewhat influential”, “A little”, or “Not at all” 94 (34.0)
Perceive tobacco as ‘bad’ (% yes)c, d 190 (100)
Perceive that one’s religion views tobacco as ‘bad’ (% yes)c, e 190 (100)
  1. aMay be greater than 100% because participants were permitted to name more than one disease/condition
  2. bQuestion: “How much influence would you say that your religion influences your attitude toward tobacco use?”
  3. cFollow-up question was of a subset (n = 190) of total sample
  4. dQuestion: “Do you think that tobacco is bad?”
  5. eQuestion: “Does your religion say that tobacco is bad?”