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Table 1 Comparison of characteristics of premenopausal and early and late postmenopausal women

From: Flow mediated vasodilation compared with carotid intima media thickness in the evaluation of early cardiovascular damage in menopausal women and the influence of biological and psychosocial factors

  Premenopause
women
(n = 60)
Early
postmenopause
(n = 58)
Late
postmenopause
(n = 59)
p
Age(years) 41.4 ± 5.9 52.5 ± 4.1 57.7 ± 4.7 < 0.001a, b, c
Schooling(years) 11.08 ± 3.7 7.3 ± 4.6 8.08 ± 4.6 < 0.001a, b
Parity(number) 2.4 ± 1.8 4.3 ± 2.06 3.8 ± 2.2 < 0.001a,b
Body Mass Index(kg/m2) 27.3 ± 4.3 29.3 ± 5.1 28.7 ± 4.3 0.061
Waist circumference(cm) 91.1 ± 10.5 93.6 ± 11.8 91.1 ± 11.1 0.402
Mean arterial pressure(mmHg) 82.16 ± 5.30 84.13 ± 5.38 82.99 ± 5.89 0.151
Loss of sexual interest(range 0–3) 0.73 ± 0.7 1.62 ± 1.1 1.77 ± 1.1 < 0.001a,b,c
Intensity of hot flushes(1–3) 0.23 ± 0.4 0.86 ± 0.3 0.74 ± 0.4 < 0.001a,b
Perceived stress(range 0–64) 24.4 ± 5.8 22.4 ± 5.3 25.05 ± 6.3 0.043c
Anxiety(range 0–18) 4.7 ± 3.03 6.1 ± 3.8 5.7 ± 3.6 0.062
Depressive mood(range 0–26) 5.05 ± 4.3 5.4 ± 5.1 5.3 ± 4.4 0.871
Disturbed sleep(range 0–3) 0.26 ± 0.4 0.43 ± 0.4 0.52 ± 0.5 0.012a,b
Submission(range 0–64) 18.4 ± 9.9 24.2 ± 11.6 22.9 ± 9.2 0.006a,b
Effort-reward imbalance 0.3 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.5 0.3 ± 0.1 0.411
Glucose(mg/dl) 87.5 ± 9.8 92.6 ± 10.2 93.05 ± 11.1 0.006a,b
Triglycerides(mg/dL) 122.3 ± 57.7 148.6 ± 60.1 155.8 ± 68.8 0.009a,b
HDL-Cholesterol(mg/dL) 47.7 ± 11.7 55.6 ± 12.01 59.6 ± 9.5 < 0.001a,b
Non HDL-Cholesterol(mg/dL) 103.6 ± 31.2 103.2 ± 27.8 126.1 ± 34.1 < 0.001b,c
Cortisol(μg/dL) 10.7 ± 4.8 12.4 ± 3.91 13.4 ± 5.8 0.181
FSH(IU/L) 12.1 ± 20.09 49.3 ± 24.7 53.4 ± 21.3 < 0.001a,b
SDNN(ms) 100.6 ± 80.2 108.9 ± 74.2 90.3 ± 44.03 0.362
rMSSD(ms) 28.6 ± 11.0 22.5 ± 8.5 27.2 ± 12.6 0.007a,c
pNN50(ms) 4.3 ± 6.2 1.6 ± 1.7 2.4 ± 2.5 0.001a,b
LF(Hz) 0.02 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.01 0.001a,b
HF(Hz) 0.06 ± 0.02 0.09 ± 0.09 0.08 ± 0.06 0.042a
LF/HF(Hz) 0.5 ± 0.2 0.5 ± 0.2 0.5 ± 0.3 0.702
C-IMT(mm) 0.59 ± 0.1 0.71 ± 0.1 0.77 ± 0.1 < 0.001a,b,c
Flow-mediated dilatation(%) 15.4 ± 10.2 10.8 ± 6.7 9.9 ± 6.3 < 0.001a, b
  1. Data are shown as mean ± SD; high-density lipoprotein (HDL); FSH (Follicle stimulating hormone); SDNN (Standard deviation of NN intervals); rMSSD (Square root of the mean squared differences of adjacent intervals in milliseconds); pNN50 (The proportion of adjacent normal RR intervals differing more than 50 ms); LF (low frequency); HF (high frequency); C-IMT (intima –media thickness)
  2. a (Premenopause Vs Early postmenopause)
  3. b (Premenopause Vs Late postmenopause)
  4. c (Early vs late postmenopause)