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Table 3 Socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents (pregnant women attending ANC services) across urban high-HIV prevalence and rural low-HIV prevalence settings

From: Factors associated with the utilization of antenatal care and prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission services in Ethiopia: applying a count regression model

Socio-Demographic profiles Urban high-HIV prevalence setting n (%) Rural low-HIV prevalence setting n (%) P-value
Age 27.2 (SD = 5.00) 25.91 (SD = 5.54) 0.051
Educational Status 0.000
 Illiterate 21 (14.4) 125 (85.6)  
 Basic Education/ read & write 23 (54.8) 19 (45.2)  
 Primary (grade 1–8) 57 (50.4) 56 (49.6)  
 Secondary (grade 9–10) 43 (71.7) 17 (28.3)  
 Preparatory (11–12) 22 (75.9) 7 (24.1)  
 10 + TVET 11 (68.8) 5 (31.3)  
 College/university - Diploma 31 (67.4) 15 (32.6)  
 College/university - Degree 26 (83.9) 5 (16.1)  
 College/university - Masters 1 (100) 0 (0.0)  
Occupation 0.000
 Permanent paid employee 60 (71.4) 24 (28.6)  
 Wage Laborer 7 (53.8) 6 (46.2)  
 Farming/ agriculture 6 (10.2) 53 (89.8)  
 Trade/business/Merchant/self-employed 40 (64.5) 22 (35.5)  
 Housewife 102 (42.5) 138 (57.5)  
 Housemaid 9 (81.8) 2 (18.2)  
 Student 11 (73.3) 4 (26.7)  
Marital Status 0.027††
 Single 5 (100) 0 (0.0)  
 Married 214 (47.5) 237 (52.5)  
 Divorced/Separated 9 (81.8) 2 (18.2)  
 Widowed 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7)  
 Live with partner/cohabiting 5 (45.5) 6 (54.5)  
  1. Statistical significance at P < 0.001
  2. ††Statistical significance at P < 0.05