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Table 1 Data sources and Definitions

From: Abortion laws reform may reduce maternal mortality: an ecological study in 162 countries

Variable Source Definition Time period
Female primary completion rate (Female %) The World Bank Education database [21] Total number of new female entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the total female population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary. This indicator is also known as “gross intake rate to the last grade of primary education.”
The ratio can exceed 100% due to over-aged and under-aged children who enter primary school late/early and/or repeat grades.
1985–2013
(50% complete)
Female Literacy Rate (Female, %) The World Bank Education database [22] Percentage of females age 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life. This indicator is calculated by dividing the number of female literates aged 15 years and over by the corresponding age group population and multiplying the result by 100. 1985–2013
(only 10% complete)
Health Expenditure per capita (current US$) The World Bank health database [23] Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditures as a ratio of total population. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation. Data are in current U.S. dollars. 1995–2013
(60% complete)
Abortion law indicators United Nations Population Division Database, Department of Economic and Social Affairs [17] Refer to the exposure variable. 1985–2013
(100% complete)
Maternal mortality ratio World Health Organization (Global Health Observatory Database) [18] Maternal mortality ratio (MMR)
 Maternal mortality ratio is defined as maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.
1985–2013
(100% complete)
GDP per capita World bank, World Development Indicator Database [24] GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. 1985–2013
(93% complete)