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Table 2 Adjusted odds ratios (and 95% CI) of clinically significant psychological distress (GHQ-28 ≥ 5) by personal, family, economic and health behavior characteristics as estimated in multivariable backward stepwise logistic regression analysis

From: Mental health among single mothers in Cyprus: a cross-sectional descriptive correlational study

GHQ-28 (≥5/6)
Psychological distress
Adjusteda
OR (95% CI)
P value
Monthly family income
  > 3500 1 0.202
 2500–3499 2,619 (0.598–11.478) 0.143
 2000–2499 3.121 (0.680–14.323) 0.190
 1500–1999 2.609 (0.622–10.947) 0.058
 1000–1499 3.839 (0.954–15.446) 0.009
  < €1000 6.658 (1.612–27.495)  
Age category
 23–34 1  
 35–44 3447 (1780-6673) < 0,001
  ≥ 45 2787 (1258-6176) 0,012
Duration in single mother status
  ≥ 5 years 1  
 2–4 years 0,705 (0,402-1238) 0,224
  < 2 years 2272 (1116-4626) 0,024
House tenure
 Owned 1  
 Rented 2163 (1106-4230) 0,024
Physical Activity
 No 1  
 Yes 2152 (1264-3663) 0,005
  1. aFactors included in the first stage: age, educational level, employment status, single motherhood status, duration as single mother, number and age of independent child/ren, monthly family income, single mothers’ allowance, financial support from the father, member of the Single Mothers’ Association, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity and house tenure