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Table 3 Differences in Cultural Beliefs by Age Group (N = 289)

From: Cultural beliefs about breast cancer in Vietnamese women

Domain Item Younger n (%) Older n (%) χ2 (p values)
True False True False
I. Breast lump characteristics 1 59 (35.3) 108 (64.7) 41 (33.6) 81 (66.4) .09 (.761)
2 77 (46.1) 90 (53.9) 32 (26.2) 90 (73.8) 11.85 (.001)
3 11 (6.6) 156 (93.4) 15 (12.3) 107 (87.7) 3.53 (.060)
II. Self-help techniques 5 12 (7.2) 155 (92.8) 11 (9.0) 111 (91.0) .32 (.570)
6 116 (69.5) 51 (30.5) 65 (53.3) 57 (46.7) 7.88 (.005)
13 30 (18.0) 137 (82.0) 12 (9.8) 110 (90.2) 3.75 (.053)
III. Faith-based beliefs 7 10 (5.8) 161 (94.2) 5 (4.0) 120 (96.0) - (.595a)
10 2 (1.2) 165 (98.8) 2 (1.6) 120 (98.4) - (1.000a)
14 167 (100.0) 122 (100.0)
IV. Futility of treatment 11 7 (4.2) 160 (95.8) 11 (9.0) 111 (91.0) 2.81 (.094)
15 72 (43.1) 95 (56.9) 36 (29.5) 86 (70.5) 5.57 (.018)
16 157 (94.0) 10 (6.0) 107 (87.7) 15 (12.3) 3.54 (.060)
17 52 (31.1) 115 (68.9) 38 (31.1) 84 (68.9) .00 (.999)
  1. aFisher’s exact test