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Table 3 Childhood adversity and health behavior, psychological distress, mood symptoms and personality (path A)

From: Childhood adversity and women’s cardiometabolic health in adulthood: associations with health behaviors, psychological distress, mood symptoms, and personality

  Total adversity exposure Interpersonal victimization
No adversity (n = 69) 1 type of adverse event (n = 29) ≥ 2 types of adverse events (n = 17) p value No interpersonal victimization (n = 93) Interpersonal victimization (n = 22) p value
Health behavior
 Sleep quality 4.8 (2.9) 5.6 (3.6) 7.2 (3.5) 0.026 5.0 (3.2) 6.8 (3.3) 0.027
 Current smoker 7 (11.3%) 5 (18.5%) 4 (23.5%) 0.658 9 (10.7%) 7 (31.8%) 0.048
 External eating score 21.8 (10.3) 26.4 (8.7) 26.3 (3.5) 0.038 22.6 (10.0) 28.2 (4.3) 0.011
 Restrained eating score 23.4 (10.8) 24.6 (8.6) 28.1 (7.3) 0.208 24.0 (10.4) 26.0 (7.6) 0.391
 Emotional eating score 26.0 (14.3) 31.0 (12.3) 30.0 (10.0) 0.183 26.8 (13.8) 32.1 (10.0) 0.096
Psychological distress and mood
 Depression symptoms 7.5 (3.5) 7.0 (2.3) 7.8 (2.8) 0.731 7.3 (3.2) 7.9 (2.7) 0.381
 Anxiety symptoms 7.6 (3.1) 8.5 (3.8) 8.9 (2.9) 0.285 7.9 (3.2) 8.8 (3.5) 0.266
 Perceived stress 14.0 (5.7) 12.3 (4.5) 17.1 (6.8) 0.022 13.7 (5.5) 15.5 (6.6) 0.166
 PTSD symptoms 0.6 (1.1) 0.5 (1.1) 1.9 (1.5) < 0.0001 0.7 (1.1) 1.2 (1.5) 0.063
Personality
 Type D personality 14 (20.3%) 7 (24.1%) 8 (47.1%) 0.074 20 (21.5%) 9 (40.9%) 0.059
 Social inhibition 25 (36.2%) 13 (44.8%) 8 (47.1%) 0.594 36 (38.7%) 10 (45.5%) 0.561
 Negative affectivity 31 (44.9%) 15 (51.7%) 12 (70.6%) 0.164 42 (45.2%) 16 (72.7%) 0.020
 Openness 32.4 (5.6) 33.4 (4.0) 34.4 (3.7) 0.319 32.9 (5.3) 33.5 (3.4) 0.636
 Conscientiousness 28.8 (4.1) 27.7 (4.1) 27.6 (3.8) 0.394 28.7 (3.9) 26.6 (4.3) 0.030
 Extraversion 25.1 (5.4) 24.9 (4.2) 24.9 (4.1) 0.989 24.9 (5.1) 25.3 (4.0) 0.722
 Agreeableness 30.1 (3.1) 28.2 (4.2) 30.4 (3.9) 0.034 30.0 (3.4) 29.1 (4.7) 0.318
 Neuroticism 22.3 (5.9) 24.7 (3.7) 24.5 (4.7) 0.091 22.8 (5.4) 25.1 (4.5) 0.069
  1. Results are presented as mean (SD) or prevalence (percentage)
  2. PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder