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Table 2 Comparison of maternal functioning mean score between groups

From: The effect of counseling with a skills training approach on maternal functioning: a randomized controlled clinical trial

VariableCounselling (n = 34) Mean (SD)Control (n = 34) Mean (SD)Mean difference (95% Confidence Interval)P-Value
Total score of maternal functioning (Score range: 0 to 120)
 Before intervention73.1 (8.5)71.6 (4.8)1.5 (−1.9 to 4.8)0.383*
 Two weeks after the end of the intervention95.8 (11.8)70.3 (4.5)22.9 (18.2 to 27.6)< 0.001
Self-care (Score range: 0 to 18)
 Before intervention11.0 (2.8)12.2 (1.7)− 1.2 (−2.3 to −0.1)0.041*
 Two weeks after the end of the intervention14.8 (2.2)11.4 (2.1)3.8 (2.8 to 4.8)< 0.001
Infant care (Score range: 0 to 12)
 Before intervention9.5 (2.9)8.6 (1.6)0.9 (−0.2 to 2.1)0.105*
 Two weeks after the end of the intervention10.8 (1.4)8.5 (1.5)2.0 (1.4 to 2.6)< 0.001
Mother-child interaction (Score range: 0 to 18)
 Before intervention10.3 (3.1)10.7 (1.6)−0.4 (−1.6 to 0.8)0.520*
 Two weeks after the end of the intervention15.1 (2.2)10.5 (1.7)4.8 (3.9 to 5.7)< 0.001
Psychological well-being (Score range: 0 to 60)
 Before intervention35.6 (5.6)34.3 (3.9)1.3 (−1.0 to 3.7)0.261*
 Two weeks after the end of the intervention43.3 (3.3)34.7 (3.2)8.4 (6.8 to 9.9)< 0.001
Social support (Score range: 0 to 18)
 Before intervention10.5 (3.3)9.8 (2.3)0.7 (−0.7 to 2.1)0.311*
 Two weeks after the end of the intervention15.1 (2)10.9 (1.6)4.0 (3.1 to 4.8)< 0.001
Management (Score range: 0 to 36)
 Before intervention19.9 (3.7)20.3 (2.95)−0.5 (−2.1 to 1.2)0.566*
 Two weeks after the end of the intervention26.6 (4.5)19.97 (2.6)6.8 (5.1 to 8.4)< 0.001
Adjustment (Score range: 0 to 12)
 Before intervention7.3 (2.8)7.79 (2.1)−0.5 (−1.7 to 0.7)0.440*
 Two weeks after the end of the intervention10.5 (1.4)1.95 (7.5)3.2 (2.4 to 3.9)< 0.001
  1. ANCOVA test with adjusting the baseline score * Independent t-test Standard Deviation