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Table 2 Frequency and weighted percentages of demand- and supply-side factors of the women who currently use and do not use contraceptive methods in Pakistan

From: Demand- and supply-side factors associated with the use of contraceptive methods in Pakistan: a comparative study of demographic and health surveys, 1990–2018

  Current use of contraceptives Current non-use of contraceptives
1990–1991
(n = 528)
2006–2007
(n = 1574)
2012–2013
(n = 2674)
2017–2018
(n = 2783)
1990–1991
(n = 3501)
2006–2007
(n = 4132)
2012–2013
(n = 4697)
2017–2018
(n = 5438)
f (%) f (%) f (%) f (%) f (%) f (%) f (%) f (%)
Demand-side factors
Media exposure
 No 511 (18.6) 728 (26.2) 1715 (36.6) 2449 (45.1)
 Yes 2238 (81.4) 2053 (73.8) 2966 (63.4) 2982 (54.9)
Desire for more children
 No 392 (75.4) 1010 (64.2) 1732 (62.9) 1626 (58.6) 1218 (35.4) 1757 (42.6) 2150 (46.6) 1557 (29.2)
 Yes 128 (24.6) 563 (35.8) 1022 (37.1) 1148 (41.4) 2225 (64.6) 2364 (57.4) 2460 (53.4) 3775 (70.8)
Intimate partner violence
 No 489 (59.9) 581 (71.5) 722 (59.0) 1011 (70.6)
 Yes 327 (40.1) 232 (28.5) 501 (41.0) 420 (29.4)
Decisional autonomy
 No 487 (25.1) 1243 (66.5) 1270 (41.6) 3166 (71.8)
 Yes 1450 (74.9) 820 (33.5) 1780 (58.4) 1631 (28.2)
Permission to go for medical or health facility
 Big problem 410 (14.9) 564 (20.3) 1442 (30.8) 1656 (30.5)
 Not a big problem 2347 (85.1) 2217 (79.7) 3247 (69.2) 3776 (69.5)
Getting medical help for self: not wanting to go alone
 Big problem 1298 (47.1) 1617 (58.1) 3061 (65.3) 3800 (70.0)
 Not a big problem   1459 (52.9) 1164 (41.9) 3061 (65.3) 3061 (65.3) 1628 (34.7) 1632 (30.0)
Having sons
 No 53 (10.2) 167 (10.6) 363 (13.1) 340 (12.2) 622 (17.8) 823 (20.1) 993 (21.1) 1257 (23.1)
 1–3 366 (70.2) 1145 (72.7) 2078 (75.2) 2174 (78.1) 2359 (67.4) 2779 (67.3) 3219 (68.5) 3731 (68.6)
 4–6 85 (18.2) 249 (15.8) 311 (11.3) 263 (9.5) 488 (13.9) 495 (12.0) 451 (9.6) 424 (7.8)
 7–10 7 (1.3) 13 (0.8) 12 (0.4) 6 (0.2) 32 (0.9) 26 (0.6) 34 (0.7) 24 (0.4)
Supply-side factors
Distance to health facility
 Not a big problem 2381 (50.8) 3008 (55.4) 856 (31.0) 3008 (55.4)
 Big problem 2308 (49.2) 2423 (44.6) 1901(69.0) 2423 (44.6)
Transport availability
 Not a big problem 2621 (55.9) 934 (33.9)
 Big problem 2067 (44.1) 1823 (66.1)
Visited by family planning worker in past 12 months
 No 1526 (53.0) 1112 (40.0) 860 (44.1) 2826 (52.0)
 Yes 1353 (47.0) 1671 (60.0) 1089 (55.9) 2609 (48.0)
Unmet need         
 No 1574 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 2915 (48.2) 2906 (55.7)
 Yes 0 (0.0) 2777 (100.0) 2059 (51.8) 2310 (44.3)