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Table 2 Bivariate logistic regression for selected predictors vs maternal undernutrition and overweigh/obesity, N = 9949

From: Inequalities in maternal malnutrition in Ethiopia: evidence from a nationally representative data

  Model 1: Undernutrition Model 2: Overweight/obesity
  Adjusted OR 95%CI P value Adjusted OR 95%CI P value
Age of the women       
15-24RC       
25–34 0.687 0.595–0.793  < 0.001 2.357 1.827–3.043  < 0.001
34 +  0.739 0.622–0.878 0.001 2.367 1.804–3.107  < 0.001
Place of residence       
UrbanRC       
Rural 2.456 1.977–3.051  < 0.001 0.129 0.104–0.158  < 0.001
Household size       
0–3RC       
4–6 0.891 0.753–1.054 0.180 0.820 0.645–1.044 0.108
7 and above 0.872 0.728–1.046 0.140 0.879 0.689–1.118 0.290
Education of mothers       
No educationRC       
Primary level 0.798 0.693–0.919 0.002 1.647 1.326–2.045  < 0.001
Secondary and above 0.633 0.504–0.793  < 0.001 5.149 4.133–6.414  < 0.001
Education of father       
No educationRC       
Primary level 0.777 0.668–0.903 0.001 1.135 0.903–1.428 0.277
Secondary and above 0.685 0.577–0.814  < 0.001 3.614 2.909–4.490  < 0.001
Religion       
Orthodox ChristiansRC       
Muslims 1.336 1.145–1.558  < 0.001 0.901 0.728–0.114 0.336
Others 1.221 0.997–1.495 0.053 0.498 0.376–0.659  < 0.001
Wealth status       
PoorestRC       
Poorer 0.615 0.511–0.739  < 0.001 1.064 0.720–1.572 0.754
Middle 0.619 0.512–0.749  < 0.001 0.855 0.559–1.305 0.468
Richer 0.508 0.418–0.618  < 0.001 1.359 0.915–2.019 0.128
Richest 0.271 0.219–0.334  < 0.001 8.594 6.524–11.320  < 0.001
Women’s work status       
Not workingRC       
Working 1.253 1.092–1.437 0.001 0.664 0.559–0.789  < 0.001
Household headship       
MaleRC       
Female 1.081 0.920–1.269 0.143 1.423831 1.157–1.751 0.001
  1. RC, reference category