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Table 1 Clinical and demographic characteristics

From: Association of race and ethnicity with postpartum contraceptive method choice, receipt, and subsequent pregnancy

  Black
(n = 4013)
White
(n = 3072)
Hispanic
(n = 1026)
Other
(n = 538)
p test
Age (years) 28.81 (5.95) 30.72 (6.00) 29.27 (6.03) 31.20 (5.97) < 0.001
Parity at admission      < 0.001
 0 1385 (34.5) 1292 (42.1) 342 (33.3) 220 (40.9)  
 1 1044 (26.0) 897 (29.2) 302 (29.4) 184 (34.2)  
 2+ 1584 (39.5) 883 (28.7) 382 (37.2) 134 (24.9)  
Gestational age at delivery (weeks) 38.04 (3.06) 38.29 (2.76) 38.33 (2.65) 38.45 (2.59) < 0.001
Prenatal visits 8.52 (4.03) 9.50 (3.92) 9.82 (3.83) 8.97 (3.66) < 0.001
Delivery type      < 0.001
 Cesarean section 1035 (25.8) 787 (25.6) 265 (25.8) 117 (21.7)  
 Operative vaginal delivery 108 (2.7) 112 (3.6) 34 (3.3) 35 (6.5)  
 Spontaneous vaginal delivery 2870 (71.5) 2173 (70.7) 727 (70.9) 386 (71.7)  
Married      < 0.001
 Yes 313 (7.8) 1069 (34.8) 219 (21.3) 301 (55.9)  
 No 3598 (89.7) 1939 (63.1) 783 (76.3) 231 (42.9)  
 Missing 102 (2.5) 64 (2.1) 24 (2.3) 6 (1.1)  
Education level      < 0.001
 Attended college 1002 (25.0) 1289 (42.0) 212 (20.7) 221 (41.1)  
 No college 2876 (71.7) 1663 (54.1) 764 (74.5) 287 (53.3)  
 Missing 135 (3.4) 120 (3.9) 50 (4.9) 30 (5.6)  
Insurance      < 0.001
 Public 3584 (89.3) 2108 (68.6) 875 (85.2) 355 (66.0)  
 Private 316 (7.9) 848 (27.6) 90 (8.8) 120 (22.3)  
 None 112 (2.8) 116 (3.8) 61 (5.9) 63 (11.7)  
 Missing 1 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Contraceptive plan      < 0.001
 Abstinence 19 (0.5) 36 (1.2) 4 (0.4) 9 (1.7)  
 Copper IUD 17 (0.4) 10 (0.3) 2 (0.2) 3 (0.6)  
 Declined 546 (13.4) 904 (29.4) 168 (16.4) 194 (36.0)  
 Depo-Provera 1387 (34.6) 562 (18.3) 243 (23.7) 83 (15.4)  
 IUD (general) 410 (10.2) 256 (8.3) 129 (12.6) 51 ( 9.5)  
 Levonorgestrel IUD 47 (1.2) 33 (1.1) 18 (1.8) 7 (1.3)  
 Norethindrone 578 (14.4) 460 (15.0) 146 (14.2) 60 (11.2)  
 Combined Oral
Contraceptive Pill
207 (5.2) 182 (5.9) 49 (4.8) 27 (5.0)  
 Other 5 (0.1) 8 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.6)  
 Patch 8 (0.2) 5 (0.2) 2 (0.2) 0 (0.0)  
 Subcutaneous implant 34 (0.8) 25 (0.8) 12 (1.2) 1 (0.2)  
 Sterilization 667 (16.6) 402 (13.1) 213 (20.8) 51 (9.5)  
 Vaginal ring 24 (0.6) 24 (0.8) 7 (0.7) 8 (1.5)  
 Missing 70 (1.7) 165 (5.4) 33 (3.2) 41 (7.6)  
  1. Presented as n (%) or mean (SD)
  2. IUD intrauterine device