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Table 5 Comparison of the etiologies of infertility through exploratory operation by laparoscopy combined with hysteroscopy between the two regions

From: Analysis of the etiologies of female infertility in Yunnan minority areas

Pathology Total (n = 1257) Kunming (n = 651) Dehong (n = 606) P value
Pelvic inflammatory 432 (33.41%) 198 (30.34%) 222 (36.63%) 0.037
Slightly adhesion 165 (13.13%) 79 (12.14%) 86 (14.19%) 0.082
Moderate adhesion 155 (12.09%) 73 (11.21%) 79 (13.04%) 0.297
Severe adhesion 103 (8.19%) 46 (7.07%) 57 (9.41%) 0.021
Hydrosalpinx obstruction 311 (24.74%) 141 (21.66%) 170 (28.07%) 0.021
Unilateral obstruction 174 (13.84%) 84 (12.96%) 90 (14.85%) 0.216
Bilateral obstruction 137 (10.90%) 57 (8.76%) 80 (13.20%) 0.042
Endometriosis 140 (11.14%) 71 (10.91%) 69 (11.39%) 0.932
Simple cyst of ovary 93 (7.40%) 51 (7.83%) 42 (6.93%) 0.312
Chocolate cyst of ovary 151 (12.01%) 73 (11.21%) 78 (12.87%) 0.571
Myoma of uterus 237 (18.85%) 122 (18.74%) 115 (18.98%) 0.365
PCOS 147 (11.69%) 84 (12.90%) 63 (10.40%) 0.897
Intrauterine adhesions 165 (13.13%) 111 (17.05%) 54 (8.91%) 0.019
Endometrial polyp 113 (8.99%) 59 (9.06%) 54 (8.91%) 0.953
Pelvic tuberculosis 51 (4.06%) 9 (1.38%) 42 (6.93%) 0.002
Uterine malformation 20 (1.59%) 11 (1.69%) 9 (1.49%) 0.629
Teratoma of ovary 7 (0.56%) 4 (0.614%) 3 (0.50%) 0.891
No complications 23 (1.83%) 14 (2.15%) 9 (1.49%) 0.738
  1. PCOS polycystic ovary syndrome