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Table 2 Parental unavailability and family violence in relation to parental socioeconomic position (SEP) and psychological problems

From: Experiences of family violence and parental unavailability in childhood in relation to parental socioeconomic position and psychological problems: a cohort study of young Swedish women 1990–2013

  Maternal rejection
(n = 966)
Paternal rejection
(n = 946)
Maternal lack of timea
(n = 464)
Paternal lack of timea
(n = 462)
Family violencea
(n = 463)
% OR (95% CI)b % OR (95% CI)b % OR (95% CI)b % OR (95% CI)b % OR (95% CI)b
Parental SEP           
High 7.6 Ref 17.9 Ref 25.0 Ref 46.8 Ref 5.3 Ref
Medium 7.0 0.96 (0.45–2.05) 18.0 1.02 (0.60–1.72) 29.0 1.25 (0.70–2.24) 34.6 0.61 (0.37–1.00) 15.2 3.39*** (1.67–6.90)
Low 10.4 1.43 (0.6–3.38) 22.0 1.33 (0.68–2.61) 30.6 1.31 (0.57–3.00) 36.5 0.66 (0.32–1.35) 14.1 3.07* (1.11–8.52)
Maternal psychological problems           
No 5.5 Ref 17.4 Ref 25.1 Ref 39.0 Ref 10.6 Ref
Yes 28.2 6.76*** (3.51–13.0) 29.0 1.94* (1.08–3.48) 43.2 2.43* (1.18–5.00) 45.9 1.37 (0.69–2.73) 13.5 1.38 (0.60–3.17)
Paternal psychological problems           
No 7.3 Ref 15.4 Ref 25.6 Ref 34.9 Ref 8.0 Ref
Yes 12.3 1.78 (0.82–3.88) 42.1 4.00*** (2.09–7.66) 30.3 1.38 (0.67–2.86) 71.2 4.89*** (2.25–10.6) 28.8 4.92*** (2.09–11.6)
  1. % = weighted prevalence, OR odds ratios, 95% CI 95% confidence intervals
  2. aBased on data from 2000 to 2013
  3. bWeighted logistic regression models including age and year of examination
  4. p values *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001